University of the Philippines College of Social Sciences and Philosophy | Wikipedia audio article

University of the Philippines College of Social Sciences and Philosophy | Wikipedia audio article

October 14, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of the Philippines (UP; Filipino:
Pamantasan ng Pilipinas or Unibersidad ng Pilipinas) is a state university system in
the Philippines, and is the country’s national university. Founded by the American colonial government
on June 18, 1908 for the Filipinos, it was established through the ratification of Act
No. 1870 of the 1st Philippine Legislature to provide “advanced instruction in literature,
philosophy, the sciences and arts, and to give professional and technical training”
to eligible students regardless of “age, sex, nationality, religious belief and political
affiliation”. UP has institutional autonomy as the country’s
national university as mandated by Republic Act No. 9500 (UP Charter of 2008).The University
of the Philippines has 8 constituent universities (CUs), and 4 basic education schools located
in 15 campuses across the country. The first UP opened in Manila in 1909 with
the Colleges of Fine Arts, and Medicine and Surgery; UP Los Baños was also initiated
as the College of Agriculture in the same year. 6 other constituent universities have since
been established; the latest since 2016 is UP Cebu, despite being formed 98 years earlier
(in 1918). UP Diliman, the fourth CU which was established
in 1949, is the flagship campus and seat of administration of the University of the Philippines. UP, as a whole, is often cited as the Philippines’
top university. As of 2012, 7 Philippine Presidents, 13 Chief
Justices of the Philippine Supreme Court, 36 National Scientists and 40 National Artists
of the Philippines have been affiliated with UP. It has also produced 15,000 doctors, 15,000
engineers, 8,000 lawyers, 23,000 teachers, and thousands of graduates in other academic
fields, which comprise some of its approximate 260,000 living alumni worldwide. UP has the most National Centers of Excellence
and Development among higher education institutions in the country, and is one of the only three
schools in Asia that have received institutional recognition in the Ramon Magsaysay Awards. Senate Resolution No. 276 of the Senate of
the Philippines recognizes the institution as “the nation’s premier university”; United
Kingdom-based Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) ranks UP as the country’s No. 1 university, among
the top 100 Asian universities, and among the top 500 universities worldwide its annual
university rankings.==History==On June 18, 1908, the University of the Philippines
was established through an act of the First Philippine Legislature. Act No. 1870, otherwise known as the “University
Act”, specified the function of the University, which is to provide advanced instruction in
literature, philosophy, the sciences and arts, and to administer professional and technical
training.The University began with the establishment of the Philippine Medical School (later incorporated
into the University as the College of Medicine and Surgery) in 1905, which started operating
in 1907, a year ahead of the rest of the U.P. System. Together with the College of Fine Arts and
the College of Liberal Arts, the College of Medicine occupied buildings distributed along
Padre Faura Street (Ermita district) and R. Hidalgo Street (Quiapo district) in Manila,
while the School of Agriculture was in Los Baños, Laguna. A few years later, the university opened the
College of Law and the College of Engineering in Manila, as well as academic units under
the College of Agriculture and Forestry in Los Baños, Laguna. The Board of Regents approved the decision
to look for a larger site, and a 493-hectare lot was acquired by the university in Diliman,
Quezon City, then a town in the province of Rizal. Construction of the Quezon City campus began
in 1939. During World War II, most of its colleges
had to be closed except the Colleges of Medicine, Pharmacy, and Engineering. Meanwhile, the Japanese Imperial Army occupied
three Diliman campus buildings: the College of Liberal Arts Building (now Benitez Hall)
and the Colleges of Law (now Malcolm Hall) and Business Administration Building. The Japanese also occupied the campus of the
College of Agriculture in Los Baños. U.P. President Bienvenido Ma. Gonzalez sought a grant of ₱ 13 million
from the US-Philippines War Damage Commission. A massive rehabilitation and construction
effort was executed during the post-war years. For the first time, an extensive Diliman campus
master plan and map were created in 1949. More buildings were built across the Diliman
campus landscape: the University Library (Gonzalez Hall), the College of Engineering (Melchor
Hall), the Women’s Residence Hall (now Kamia Residence Hall), the Conservatory of Music
(Abelardo Hall and now the College of Music), the Administration Building (Quezon Hall),
and the U.P. President’s Residence. Most colleges and administration offices were
temporarily housed in huts and shelters made of sawali and galvanized iron. During U.P.’s 40th anniversary in February
1949, central administrative offices of U.P. were moved from Manila to Diliman together
with the transfer of the U.P. Oblation. Administrative offices and its regional units
in Manila, Los Baños, Baguio, and Cebu were all housed in the Diliman campus. General commencement exercises were also held
in Diliman for the first time in 1949. In the 1950s, new academic units and degree
programs were established. Another major reform, the General Education
(G.E.) Program, was introduced in 1959. The G.E. Program became a series of core courses prescribed
for all students at the undergraduate level. Most of these courses were being taught at
the then College of Liberal Arts. As a result, U.P. President Vicente Sinco saw fit to reorganize
the college into a University College, which would offer the core subjects to be taken
during the first two years of the undergraduate program. Meanwhile, the College of Arts and Sciences
and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, offered major courses in the humanities, natural
sciences, and social sciences. During President Sinco’s term, more institutes
and colleges were established. These institutes and colleges include the
Institute of Public Administration (1952), the Statistical Center (1953), the Labor Education
Center (now the School of Labor and Industrial Relations, established in 1954), the Asian
Studies Institute (now the Asian Center, established in 1955), the Institute of Library Science
(now the School of Library and Information Studies, established in 1961), and the College
of Home Economics (1961). The administration of U.P. President Carlos P. Romulo was marked by the
founding of the Population Institute, the Law Center and the Applied Geodesy and Photogrammetry
Training Center in 1964; the Institute of Mass Communication, the College of Business
Administration, and the Institute of Planning in 1965; the Computer Center, the Institute
for Small-Scale Industries in 1966, the Institute of Social Work and Community Development in
1967, and the Asian Center in 1968. During the Martial Law period, U.P.’s administrators
tried to sustain the university’s educational priorities and institutional autonomy. At the height of activism in the university,
U.P. President Salvador P. Lopez established a
system of democratic consultation in which decisions such as promotions and appointments
were made through greater participation by the faculty and administrative personnel. Lopez also reorganized U.P. into the U.P. System. During that period of activism, U.P. Diliman was called the Diliman Republic and
elements of the police and the Metrocom stormed the campus during Martial Law. In November 1972, the Los Baños campus was
the first to be declared an autonomous unit under a chancellor. A ₱ 150 million grant from the national
budget boosted U.P.’s Infrastructure Development Program. In Diliman, it funded the construction of
buildings for the Colleges of Business Administration and Zoology, the Institute of Small-Scale
Industries, the Transport Training Center, and the Coral Laboratory of the Marine Sciences
Institute. Kalayaan Residence Hall and housing for low-income
employees were also built around this time. U.P. President Onofre D. Corpuz declared U.P. Manila, then known as the Health Sciences
Center, and U.P. Visayas as autonomous units. At the same time, the Asian Institute of Tourism
(AIT) was established in light of the prioritization of tourism as a national industry. New centers for research and degree-granting
units such as the Third World Studies Center (1977), Creative Writing Center, National
Engineering Center (1978), U.P. Extension Program in San Fernando, Pampanga
(1979), which is now in Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga, Institute of Islamic Studies (1973),
U.P. Film Center, National Center for Transportation
Studies (1976) were also established. U.P. celebrated its 75th year in 1983. In the same spirit, a U.P. Extension Program in Olongapo was also established
in 1984. Edgardo Angara’s Diamond Jubilee project raised
₱ 80 million which was earmarked for the creation of new professorial chairs and faculty
grants. Angara also organized the Management Review
Committee (MRC) and the Committee to Review Academic Programs (CRAP) to evaluate and recommend
measures for improving university operations. The MRC report led to a wide-ranging reorganization
of the U.P. System, the further decentralization of U.P.
administration, and the declaration of U.P. Diliman as an autonomous unit on March 23,
1983. U.P. Baguio was then placed under the supervision
of U.P. Diliman. Meanwhile, the College of Arts and Sciences
also underwent a reorganization to become three separate colleges: the College of Science
(CS), the College of Arts and Letters (CAL), and the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy
(CSSP). There has been problems regarding this ever
since the three colleges separated. As the flagship campus, U.P. Diliman led the rest of the units. On April 26, 1982, it was formally designated
as a constituent university, almost a decade after the reorganization. Although Diliman was the seat of the U.P. Administration, the campus was not immediately
constituted after 1972. It was administered, along with the Manila
unit, prior to the organization of the Health Sciences Center, as a de facto university. U.P. President Jose Abueva introduced the Socialized
Tuition Fee Assistance Program (STFAP) in 1987. Abueva also institutionalized a Filipino language
policy within the university. U.P. President Emil Javier established the creation
of U.P. Mindanao at Silicon Gulf, Southern Mindanao,
and the U.P. Open University in 1995. U.P. President Francisco Nemenzo’s legacy includes
the Revitalized General Education Program (RGEP) and the institutionalization of more
incentives for research and creative achievements by U.P. faculty members. U.P. President Emerlinda Roman, from the College
of Business Administration (CBA), has led a Centennial Campaign Fund to upgrade the
university’s services and facilities. Her term of office has been noted for the
ascension of several key professors from the CBA to positions of power within the university. Notable among them is U.P. Diliman Chancellor Sergio S. Cao, Assistant
Vice President for Planning and Development, Prof. Arthur S. Cayanan, Director of the U.P. System Budget Office, Prof. Joselito G. Florendo,
Dr. Lina J. Valcarcel Executive Director, U.P. Provident Fund, Inc. and U.P. Foundation, Inc. Executive Director Gerardo B. Agulto.===Centennial celebration===On January 8, 2008, the University of the
Philippines began its centennial celebration. The opening ceremony featured a 100-torch
relay to light the eternal flame on the Centennial Cauldron at Quezon Hall. Torches were carried by, among others, Fernando
Javier, 100, of Baguio City, the oldest U.P. alumnus (Civil Engineering from University
of the Philippines Manila, 1933), Michael Dumlao, a 6th-grader from the University of
the Philippines Integrated School in U.P. Diliman and U.P. President Emerlinda Roman, the first woman
president of the university. The Centennial Cauldron features three pillars
to represent the three core values, and seven flowers representing the seven constituent
universities, i.e. U.P. Manila, U.P. Diliman (together with U.P. Pampanga, its extension campus), U.P. Los Baños, U.P. Baguio, U.P. Visayas, U.P. Mindanao, and U.P. Open University.The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
(BSP) and U.P. issued commemorative ₱ 100 U.P. Centennial notes at the BSP Security Plant
Complex in Quezon City. The notes appear as four-outs (four uncut
pieces) in a folder featuring the signatures of all U.P. presidents including Roman.Inspired
by the U.P. Oblation, the University of the Philippines
Alumni Association (UPAA) launched an art exhibit, “100 Nudes/100 Years” featuring the
works of nine (9) U.P. alumni national artists.===U.P.A.A. 2008 centennial yearbook===
The University of the Philippines Alumni Association announced its launching of a three-volume
U.P.A.A. 2008 Centennial Yearbook on June 21, 2008
at the U.P.A.A. Grand Alumni-Faculty Homecoming and Reunion
at the Araneta Coliseum, Cubao, Quezon City. The theme is “U.P. Alumni: Excellence, Leadership and Service
in the Next 100 Years,” with the three cover designs showing the works of National Artists
Napoleon Abueva, Abdul Imao, and BenCab, respectively. Chief Justice Reynato Puno is the Yearbook’s
most distinguished alumnus awardee (among 46 other awardees).===U.P. Charter of 2008===
The U.P. Charter of 2008, Republic Act No. 9500, was
signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo into law on April 29, 2008, at the U.P. Library Conference Hall in Lahug, Cebu. It aims “to provide both institutional and
fiscal autonomy to U.P., specifically, to protect student’s democratic access and strengthen
administration through the recognition of U.P. System’s Board of Regents and U.P. Council.” The new charter declared U.P. as the Philippines’
national university, giving it “the enhanced capability to fulfill its mission and spread
the benefits of knowledge.” The new charter will help improve its competitiveness. The newly designated “national university”
however, needs ₱ 3.6 billion to be on a par with other universities in the region.===UP-Ayala Land TechnoHub===The centennial ₱ 6 billion, 20 hectares
(49 acres) UP-Ayala Land TechnoHub, a complex of low-rise buildings along Commonwealth Avenue,
within the 37.5 hectares (93 acres) of the U.P. North Science and Technology Park, was constructed
on February 16, 2006, and inaugurated on November 22, 2008. It was developed by the Ayala Land Property
company into an information technology and IT-enabled services community to host business
process outsourcing (BPO) and technology firms.==Autonomous units==
At present, the University of the Philippines is composed of eight (8) constituent universities
(CU) located in 15 campuses around the country.U.P. Diliman is the flagship campus of the university
and offers the most number of courses. On July 19, 2011, the Bases Conversion and
Development Authority donated to U.P. a 4,300-square meter (1 acre) lot at the Bonifacio Global
City (BGC) in Taguig for the U.P. Professional Schools, which will initially
include extension classes for UP Diliman’s College of Law, College of Business Administration,
College of Engineering, School of Statistics, as well as the UP Open University.Each constituent
university of U.P. is headed by a chancellor, who is elected on a three-year term by the
Board of Regents. Unlike the president, who is elected on a
single six-year term without re-election, the chancellor maybe re-elected for another
three-year term but it is upon the discretion of the members of the Board of Regents.===Satellite campuses===
The satellite campuses do not have autonomous status. They are considered extension colleges of
their mother unit. Some campuses host different programs of various
colleges within the mother unit.====UP Diliman====
UPD Extension Program in Pampanga (Clark Freeport Zone, Mabalacat, Pampanga)
UPD Extension Program in Olongapo (Olongapo City, Zambales)
UPD Bonifacio Global City Professional Schools (Taguig City)====UP Manila====
UPM School of Health Sciences in Palo (Palo, Leyte)
UPM School of Health Sciences in Baler (Baler, Aurora)
UPM School of Health Sciences in Koronadal (Koronadal City, South Cotabato)====UP Los Baños====
UPLB Professional School for Agriculture and the Environment (Panabo City, Davao del Norte)====UP Visayas====
UPV Tacloban College (Tacloban City, Leyte)====UP Open University====
Seven (7) learning centers across the country===
Basic education===University of the Philippines Rural High School
in UP Los Baños University of the Philippines Integrated School
in UP Diliman University of the Philippines High School
Cebu in UP Cebu University of the Philippines High School
in Iloilo in UP Visayas==Organization=====Presidents of the University of the Philippines
===The President of the University of the Philippines
is elected for a single six-year term by the University’s twelve-member Board of Regents. As of 2019, two Americans and 19 Filipinos
served as President of the University of the Philippines. The current president of U.P. is lawyer and
former University of the Philippines College of Law Dean Danilo L. Concepcion. He assumed office on February 10, 2017.===Board of Regents===
The governance of the University is vested in the Board of Regents of the University
of the Philippines System (or Lupon ng mga Rehente in Filipino) and commonly abbreviated
as BOR. The board, with its 12 members, is the highest
decision-making body of the U.P. system. The Chairperson of the Commission on Higher
Education (CHED) serves as the Board’s Chairperson while the President of the University of the
Philippines is the Co-Chairperson. The Chairpersons of the Committees of Higher
Education of the Senate and the House of Representatives are members of the U.P. Board of Regents which are concurrent with
their functions as committee chairpersons.U.P. students, represented by the General Assembly
of Student Councils, nominate a Student Regent. While the Faculty Regent is likewise nominated
by the faculty members of the whole University. Alumni are represented by the President of
the U.P. Alumni Association. A Staff Regent, representing professional
and administrative personnel, was included with the passage of the new U.P. Charter in 2008. The remaining members of the Board of Regents
are nominated into the position by the President of the Philippines. As of 2018, the members of the Board of Regents
of the University of the Philippines System are:
The Secretary of the University and the Board of Regents is Atty. Roberto M.J. Lara.==Academics==The University of the Philippines System offers
246 undergraduate degree programs and 362 graduate degree programs, more than any other
university in the country. The flagship campus in Diliman offers the
largest number of degree programs, and other campuses are known to lead and specialize
in specific programs. The University has 57 degree-granting units
throughout the system, which may be a College, School or Institute that offers an undergraduate
or a graduate program. In the Los Baños campus, a separate Graduate
School administers the graduate programs in agriculture, forestry, the basic sciences,
mathematics and statistics, development economics and management, agrarian studies and human
ecology. The College of Public Health at the Manila
campus has a collaboration with Boston University School of Public Health. This program allows students from Boston University
to do a semester of coursework at U.P. Manila as well as an international field practicum
in the Philippines. The University has 4,571 faculty, trained
locally and abroad with 36% having graduate degrees. The University is one of the three universities
in the Philippines affiliated with the ASEAN University Network, and the only Philippine
university to be affiliated with the ASEAN-European University Network and the Association of
Pacific Rim Universities.===Budget===
The University has the highest financial endowment of all educational institutions in the Philippines. In 2008, the entire U.P. System received a financial subsidy from the
national government of ₱ 5.7 billion. The total expenditure for the same year, however,
is ₱ 7.2 billion, or approximately ₱ 135,000 per student. State universities and colleges have continually
experienced budget cuts over the years. In 2019, the University requested ₱44.9
billion budget but only received ₱15.5 billion for its budget, with additional ₱1.5 billion
for operational and equipment expenses. The Philippine General Hospital, the most
affected unit of the UP System, received an insufficient budget of P2.92 billion, with
only P155 million out of the requested P1.6 billion allocated for infrastructure and capital
outlays.===Rankings and reputation===
UP has been consistently ranked the top university in the Philippines since its inclusion in
several university rankings. In 2011, the University of the Philippines
was ranked 62nd in the QS Asian University Rankings, the highest ranked Philippine university. Moreover, UP ranks in numerous world subject
rankings, most notably 51-100th place in Development Studies, 101-150th place in English Language
and Literature, Geography, and Politics and International Studies, 151-200th place in
Archaeology, Agriculture and Forestry, and Sociology in the QS World University Rankings
by Subject Area. UP programs also place in Times Higher Education
World University Rankings: 126-150th in Clinical, Pre-Clinical and Health subjects; 501-600
bracket for both Life Sciences and Social Sciences; in the 601+ bracket for Engineering
and Technology, and Computer Science; and in the 801+ bracket in Physical Sciences.Earlier,
in the Asiaweek’s Best Universities in Asia last published in 2000, UP ranked 48th. In 2006, the University, through President
Emerlinda R. Roman, has expressed that it does not want to participate in the THES Ranking,
but was included in 2007, 2008, and 2009 with an incomplete academic profile. In the national rankings based on cumulative
data from 1991-2001 of average passing rates in all courses of all Philippine colleges
and universities in the licensure examinations, U.P. Diliman, U.P. Los Baños and U.P. Manila emerged as numbers one, two and three
respectively. The study was done by the Professional Regulation
Commission and the Commission on Higher Education.===General education program===
The General Education Program was introduced in 1959 and formed core courses prescribed
for all students at the undergraduate level. The General Education Program is the Revitalized
General Education Program (abbreviated as RGEP), which was approved by the Board of
Regents in 2001. The RGEP offers courses in three domains (Arts
and Humanities; Mathematics, Science, and Technology; and Social Sciences and Philosophy)
and gives students the freedom to choose the general education subjects in these domains
that they would like to take. It has led to the development of courses unique
to the campuses. Examples of these courses include NASC 10
(Forests as Source of Life) in Los Baños, Geography 1 (Places and Landscapes in a Changing
World) in Diliman, and History 3 (History of Philippine Ethnic Minorities) in Baguio.===Library system===
The University library system contains the largest collections of agricultural, medical,
veterinary and animal science materials in the Philippines. The library system has a collection of Filipiniana
material, serials and journals in both electronic and physical forms and UPIANA materials in
its archives. It also has a collection of documents of student,
political, and religious organizations advocating political, economic, and social changes during
the Marcos administration in the Diliman library.The University is one of the five governmental
agencies involved with the Philippine eLib, a nationwide information resource-sharing
consortium, to which it provides access to 758,649 of its bibliographic records.The library
was established in 1922 in the Manila campus and was considered as one of the best in Asia
prior to the Second World War. The collection, containing almost 150,000
volumes, was destroyed when Japanese troops stormed the library during the war, leaving
only a handful of books intact. Gabriel Bernardo, the Librarian of the University
who built the collection, described the loss as “intellectual famine.” Bernardo would later rebuild the library in
the Diliman campus. The University has likewise been one of the
pioneers in library science education in the country. Library courses were first offered under the
College of Liberal Arts under James Alexander Robertson in 1914. In 1961, the Institute of Library Science
was established in Diliman and a year later, the institute established the country’s first
graduate program in Library Science.==Admissions and financial aid=====Undergraduate admissions===
As a public state university, “selection is based on intellectual and personal preparedness
of the applicant irrespective of sex, religious belief and political affiliation.” Admission into the University’s undergraduate
programs is very competitive, with over 70,000 students taking the exam every year, with
about 11,000 being accepted, an admission rate of about 18%. Admission to a program is usually based on
the result of the UPCAT, University Predicted Grade (UPG), which is an average of grades
obtained during high school and sometimes, a quota set by the unit offering the program. The University also maintains a Policy of
Democratization which aims to “make the U.P. studentry more representative of the nation’s
population.” The UPCAT also allows students to enter Intarmed,
the University’s accelerated 7-year medicine curriculum, one of the two entry points into
the program. Transferring to the University from other
constituent units or schools outside the system are determined by the degree-granting unit
that offers the program or the course, not by the university’s Office of Admissions.===Socialized Tuition System===
The Socialized Tuition System (also referred to as the “Iskolar ng Bayan” Program) (STS)
was implemented in response to the increase in tuition in 2014. The program, proposed in 1988 by U.P. President Jose Abueva and mandated by the
President and Congress of the Philippines, called for a radical departure from the old
fee and scholarship structure of UP, resulting in tremendous benefits for low-income and
disadvantaged Filipino students. The Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance
Program (STFAP) is divided into four basic components: Subsidized Education, Socialized
Tuition, Scholarships, and Student Assistantships. In the 1989 STFAP, income groups are divided
into nine brackets, with one having the full benefits. In December 2006, the Board of Regents approved
a restructured STFAP, along with the increase in tuition and other fees that will apply
for incoming freshmen.The Revised STFAP reduces the brackets from nine (9) to five (5), and
will supposedly increase the number of students receiving tuition subsidy and increase stipend
rates and coverage. However, critics of the restructured STFAP
argue that the data used in the formulation of the revised program is not an acceptable
prediction of a student’s family income, that some of the bracket assignments are flawed
and that the program fails to address or revise student assistantship programs.==Culture, sports and traditions=====
University symbols===The University’s colors are maroon and forest
green. Maroon was chosen to represent the fight for
freedom, as Maroon is also a name of a Jamaican tribe who were successful in defending their
freedom from slavery and their independence from English conquerors for more than 100
years. The colors are also immortalized in the University’s
hymn; In 2004, the University’s seal and the Oblation
were registered in the Philippine Intellectual Property Office to prevent unauthorized use
and multiplication of the symbols for the centennial of the University in 2008. The centennial logo was used in visual materials
and presentations of the centennial activities and events of the University. The logo, which was designed by Ringer Manalang,
is composed of the Oblation, the sablay and a highlighted Philippine map.===Official seal===
The Seal of the University of the Philippines is the official device used by the university
as its official symbol and mark for its legal and public documents and publications. The current seal in use was approved by the
Board of Regents on February 25, 1913 during its 77th Meeting. It has two versions: a one-color and a full-color
version, using the prescribed tones of Maroon and Forest Green, the official colors of the
University as set by the University Brand Book released in 2007. The seal was registered in the Philippine
Intellectual Property Office and was approved in the year 2006 to prevent unauthorized use
in time for U.P.’s Centennial Celebration in 2008. The bald eagle in the official seal holds
a shield that carries a lamp, a cogwheel and; a volcano and tree (sometimes rendered erroneously
as a star and the planet Saturn). These symbols represent science and medicine,
engineering, and agriculture respectively. Until today, the University takes pride in
these three areas of knowledge as these degree programs in U.P. are acknowledged as Centers
of Excellence in the Philippines by the Commission on Higher Education. A myth persists that the bird in the seal
is in fact, a parrot, as stated in some Freshmen orientation materials. The University’s varsity team was also once
called the Parrots, adding to the confusion about the species of the bird in question. An explanation for the use of the eagle in
the seal is that it was derived from the coat of arms of the City of Manila and the Great
Seal of the United States of America.Starting with the reorganization of the U.P. System in 1972, in order to signify their
newly gained autonomy and specialization, most constituent universities of the System
have adopted their own seals. These logos are either variations of the official
seal, by changing the colors and adding elements, or are entirely new designs. These are sometimes used in place of the official
University seal in official documents, such as transcripts and markers. Distinct seals or logos are sometimes produced,
such as those for the U.P. System and UPLB Centennial Celebrations. A notable use of the System seal can be seen
in the official seal of the U.P. Alumni Association, which features the Oblation,
the Diliman Carillon, the Bahay ng Alumni facade and the University seal in its entirety.===U.P. Naming Mahal===
U.P. Naming Mahal, or U.P. Our Beloved, is the University’s hymn. The melody for the song was written by Nicanor
Abelardo, an alumnus and former faculty member of the U.P. College of Music. Abelardo is considered to be one of the Philippines’
greatest musicians. Because of the original scale of the hymn
in B flat major, which is too high for the usual voice, U.P. Conservatory of Music (now U.P. College of Music) professors Hilarion Rubio
and Tomas Aguirre reset the music in G major. The choral version arranged by Nhick Pacis
was performed by the UP Concert Chorus. The English lyrics (entitled as “U.P. Beloved”) was taken from a poem by Teogenes
Velez, a Liberal Arts student. The translation to Filipino was a composite
from seven entries in a contest held by the University. The judges did not find any of the seven translations
as fully satisfactory.====Lyrics=======Sablay===
The University uses unique academic regalia, called the “Sablay,” which is a sash patterned
after the centuries-old sash academic regalia of Scandinavian universities. The “Sablay” is a sash joined in front by
an ornament and embroidered or printed with the University’s initials in Baybayin script
and running geometric motifs of indigenous Filipino ethnic groups. It is traditionally worn over a white or ecru
dress for females or an ecru barong Tagalog and black pants for males, although there
has been instances wherein the Sablay is worn over other indigenous clothing. Candidates for graduation wear the sablay
at the right shoulder, and is then moved to the left shoulder after the President of the
University confers their degree, similar to the moving of the tassel of the academic cap.===U.P. ROTC===The University of the Philippines ROTC Unit
is the pioneer of the Reserve Officer Training Corps in the Philippines. With the activation of the U.P. ROTC Unit in 1912, several State and Private
Universities-Colleges soon followed, activating ROTC units under the Army of the Philippine
Commonwealth.Although the Philippines had no significant military involvement during
World War I, the conflagration made the Philippine Government realize the need for a good reserve
force of able-bodied Filipinos trained in the art of war. With the formal organisation of the U.P. DMST on March 17, 1922, military drill was
superseded by the term “military science and tactics”. Military training in the University of the
Philippines started at the old Padre Faura Campus when it was made a required subject
for all able-bodied male students in all colleges, institutes, and schools of the University. During the early years after its inception,
military training in the University was mainly an infantry unit. After a few years, specialized units were
established that made U.P. ROTC distinct for its military proficiency. U.P. produced precision FA Gunners through
its Field Artillery Unit. Another distinguished U.P. ROTC Unit is the Rayadillo Honor Guard Battalion. It was created in 1963 by Carlos P. Romulo
(U.P.ROTC/U.P. Vanguard Class 1918) during his term as U.P. President. The Rayadillo unit is famous for its patriotic
Katipunero uniforms, silent drill exhibitions, arrival honors and formal military ceremonies
rendered for visiting foreign heads of states and military officers.===UP Fighting Maroons===The UP Fighting Maroons is the name of the
collegiate men’s varsity teams of the University of the Philippines, primarily off Diliman,
which plays in the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, the premiere sports league
in the country. The collegiate women’s varsity teams are called
the Lady Maroons. The University of the Philippines Integrated
School is the affiliate juniors division high school. They play as the Junior Maroons, formerly
the Preps. The Fighting Maroons moniker, though, is more
commonly used to refer to the men’s basketball team. In Season 81 of UAAP, the UP MBT played in
the finals after 32 years of finals drought. Despite falling short of taking the championship
from the defending champs, the Ateneo Blue Eagles, the Fighting Maroons found a new sports
hero in Paul Desiderio. The UP MBT will be vying for the championship
in Season 82 with Ricci Rivero and Kobe Paras donning their new jerseys.==Alumni====
See also==DZUP 1602
Higher Education In The Philippines