University of Surrey | Wikipedia audio article

University of Surrey | Wikipedia audio article

October 14, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of Surrey is a public research
university in Guildford, England. The university received its royal charter
in 1966, along with a number of other institutions following recommendations in the Robbins Report. The institution was previously known as Battersea
College of Technology and was located in Battersea Park, London. Its roots however, go back to Battersea Polytechnic
Institute, founded in 1891 to provide higher education for London’s poorer inhabitants. The university’s research output and global
partnerships have led to it being regarded as one of the UK’s leading research universities.Surrey
is a member of the Association of MBAs and is one of four universities in the University
Global Partnership Network. Surrey is also part of the SETsquared partnership
along with the University of Bath, the University of Bristol, the University of Southampton
and the University of Exeter. A major centre for satellite and mobile communications
research, Surrey is in partnership with King’s College London and the University of Dresden
to develop 5G technology worldwide. It also holds a number of formal links with
institutions worldwide, including the Surrey International Institute, launched in partnership
with the Dongbei University of Finance and Economics. Surrey has been awarded three Queen’s Anniversary
Prizes for its research, with the 2014 Research Excellence Framework ranking 78% of the university’s
research outputs as “world leading” or “internationally excellent”.The university’s main campus is
on Stag Hill, close to the centre of Guildford and adjacent to Guildford Cathedral. Surrey Sports Park is situated at the nearby
Manor Park, the university’s secondary campus. In addition, the university owns the Surrey
Research Park, providing facilities for over 110 companies engaged in research. Among British universities, Surrey had the
14th highest average UCAS Tariff for new entrants in 2015. It is currently in the top 30 of the three
main ranking compilations of universities in the United Kingdom, placing 23rd in both
The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide and The Complete University Guide, and
26th in The Guardian University Guide for 2019/20. In 2019, Surrey was ranked 1st in the UK and
7th in the world for research partnerships with employers in the QS World Employability
Rankings. Surrey was named as The Sunday Times University
of the Year in 2016. The chancellor of the university is Prince
Edward, Duke of Kent. Current and emeritus academics at the university
include ten Fellows of the Royal Society, twenty-one Fellows of the Royal Academy of
Engineering, one Fellow of the British Academy and six Fellows of the Academy of Social Sciences. Surrey has educated many notable alumni, including
Olympic gold medallists, several senior politicians, as well as a number of notable persons in
various fields including the arts, sports and academia. Graduates typically abbreviate the University
of Surrey to Sur when using post-nominal letters after their degree.==History=====
Foundation and early period===The University of Surrey was preceded by the
Battersea Polytechnic Institute which was founded in 1891 and admitted its first students
in 1894. Its aim was to provide greater access to further
and higher education for some of the “poorer inhabitants” of London. In 1901, evening classes consisted of some
of Mechanical Engineering and Building, Electrical Engineering, Chemical and other trades, Physics
and Natural Science, Maths, Languages, Commercial subjects, Music and special classes for women
including Domestic Economy subjects. Day classes consisted of Art, Science, Women’s
Subjects and Gymnastics, and classes were also offered in preparation for university
and professional examinations. The institute focused on science and technology
subjects, and from about 1920 taught University of London students, awarding University of
London external degrees.In 1956, the Institute was among the first to receive the designation
“College of Advanced Technology” and was renamed Battersea College of Technology. By the beginning of the sixties, the College
had virtually outgrown its building in Battersea and had decided to move to Guildford. In addition to this, the Robbins Report of
1963 proposed that the Colleges of Advanced Technology, including Battersea, should expand
and become degree-awarding universities. In 1965, the university-designate acquired
a greenfield site in Guildford from Guildford Cathedral, Guildford Borough Council and the
Onslow Village Trust.===University status===On 9 September 1966 the University of Surrey
was established by Royal Charter and by 1970 the move from Battersea to Guildford was complete. On the day before the installation ceremony
of the first Chancellor of the university, the Aberfan disaster occurred. Alfred Robens, Baron Robens of Woldingham
who was appointed the first Chancellor, was also the chairman of the National Coal Board,
and as such was expected to visit the site of the disaster. Robens decided instead to continue with the
ceremony in Guildford to become Chancellor. Early visitors to the campus were Led Zeppelin,
who performed their very first gig at the university on 25 October 1968.Between 1982
and 2008, the university became the trustee of the building of the Guildford Institute,
using parts of the building for its adult education programme and providing a university
presence in the heart of Guildford. The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance
(formerly Associated Examining Board) moved from Aldershot to its own headquarters building
on the Stag Hill campus in 1985. The university marked its Silver Jubilee in
1991, an event celebrated by the publishing of Surrey – The Rise of a Modern University
by Roy Douglas and by a Service of Thanksgiving in Guildford Cathedral attended by HM The
Queen in March 1992. In 1998, due to the ongoing development in
the relationship between the university and the nearby Roehampton Institute, it was decided
to form an academic federation. In November 1999, the Privy Council approved
the necessary changes to the university’s Charter and Statutes and the Roehampton Institute
became the University of Surrey Roehampton at the beginning of 2000. Between 2000 and 2004, the university and
Roehampton worked together as the Federal University of Surrey. In June 2004, the Privy Council granted Roehampton
an independent university title, and it became Roehampton University from 1 August 2004,
ending the federal partnership between the institutions. The university celebrated its 35th anniversary
in May 2002 with a major event in Guildford Cathedral. It was also marked by the unveiling of The
Surrey Scholar sculpture (by Allan Sly FBS) to mark the Golden Jubilee of Her Majesty
The Queen and as a gift to the people of Guildford. The Surrey Scholar is at the bottom of Guildford
High Street. Understanding the Real World, a visual history
of the university, by Christopher Pick, was published to coincide with this anniversary. In 2007, the university saw a major increase
in overall applications by 39% compared with the previous year. This was followed by a further increase in
applications of 12% in 2008. In October 2008, the university lost out to
Royal Holloway in a bid to merge with London medical institute St George’s, University
of London. From September 2009, the Guildford School
of Acting became a subsidiary of the university and relocated from Guildford town centre to
the university campus. In March 2019 the university announced it
would have to make £15m worth of cuts owing to the effects of Brexit and anticipated cuts
in tuition fees, and was offering redundancy to all staff. Following the announcement, The Stag, published
an article titled ‘Paygate: The Problem with Surrey’s Vice-Chancellor’, in which it compared
Vice-Chancellor Max Lu’s “performance-related bonuses” to the university’s actual performance. Soon after, in May 2019, staff and students
held a no confidence vote against the university management, with coverage largely focused
on Lu’s leadership. Of all staff, 96% gave a vote of no confidence
in “the Vice-Chancellor and Executive Board”. The all-staff vote was approved by all three
trade unions represented at the university, in a meeting held with the largest member
attendance seen. Concerns raised by staff specifically include
“Lu’s language which suggests staff are a cost rather than an asset”, according to the
University and College Union, while the Students’ Union was specifically concerned about the
closure of many arts courses at the university despite a “healthy” number of applications
for them. Students who wanted a “no” vote hoped this
result would make the university management “engage with staff and students and discuss
changes”.==Buildings and sites=====
Main sites===The university moved in 1968 to a new 30 ha
(74-acre) site on Stag Hill in Guildford, adjacent to Guildford Cathedral. A further 90 ha (222 acres) allocated to the
university remained undeveloped until 2005. The BBC’s local radio station for Surrey and
North-East Hampshire, BBC Surrey, has its studios on the campus. In addition the university has a student-run
medium wave radio station, Stag Radio. In September 2009, the Guildford School of
Acting moved into a new purpose-built facility on the main Stag Hill campus as part of a
strategic merger between the two organisations. The old Sports Centre was converted into the
Ivy Arts Centre, a performing arts facility housing a 200-seat theatre and studio and
workshop space. In October 2015, the £45m School of Veterinary
Medicine was opened by the Queen accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh. The new Manor Park campus, designed as a car-free
village, is 1.6 kilometres (1 mi) from the Stag Hill campus and on the other side of
the A3 trunk road. It combines residences for students and staff,
buildings for research and teaching, and sporting facilities.===Sports facilities===
In April 2010, a £36 million sports centre named the Surrey Sports Park opened to replace
the former UniSport facilities on the Stag Hill Campus. Surrey Sports Park is situated close to the
main University campus, on its Manor Park site. It houses a 50-metre swimming pool, three
multi-sports halls, six squash courts, a modern gym, three artificial floodlit pitches, outdoor
tennis courts, a climbing centre and a coffee shop, bar and restaurant.The 1,000 seat indoor
arena is home to Surrey Scorchers basketball team (formerly Guildford Heat, Surrey Heat
and Surrey United), who have been using the venue since 2010 following a move from their
previous home at Guildford Spectrum. Surrey Scorchers are one of the leading teams
and former winners of the British Basketball League, the country’s top division. It also plays host to Surrey Storm netball
(formerly Brunel Hurricanes), who also made the move to the Sports Park from Guildford
Spectrum in 2010. Surrey Storm are two-time Netball Superleague
champions, securing their last title with a 55-53 win over Manchester Thunder at London’s
Copper Box Arena in the 2016 Grand Final. It played host to all but four matches of
the 2010 Women’s Rugby World Cup (the semi finals, 3rd place play off and final were
held at the Twickenham Stoop). It is also the official training facility
for Harlequins rugby club, playing host to their Men’s and Women’s first teams plus Academy
fixtures, and was used as a training base for the 2015 Rugby World Cup, hosting a number
of teams including South Africa, Scotland and Italy. 2012 saw Surrey Sports Park host a number
of Olympic and Paralympic teams in preparation for the London 2012 Olympic Games, including
delegations from across the globe for swimming, table tennis, basketball and triathlon camps. In 2013, Surrey Sports Park hosted the annual
Danone Nations Cup junior football tournament, with fixtures being played on the outdoor
pitches through to the finals at Wembley Stadium. In 2017, Surrey Sports Park hosted the Women’s
Lacrosse World Cup, with over 25 nations competing for the world title in Guildford. All matches took place at the venue, including
the finals, with a temporary outdoor stadium erected for the 10-day event.==Organisation=====
Structure===The academic activities of the university
are divided into the following three faculties:===Governance===Prince Edward, Duke of Kent was installed
as Chancellor, a ceremonial non-residential post, in 1977. The university is led at the executive level
by the President and Vice-Chancellor, as of 2016 Max Lu. The key bodies in the university governance
structure are the Council, Senate and Executive Board. The Council is the governing body of the university,
responsible for the overall planning and management of the university and to ensure processes
are in place to monitor financial and operational controls, and the university’s performance
against its strategy. The council is composed of no fewer than eleven
external members, up to seven ex-officio members and up to three members elected by Senate.The
Senate is the statutory body responsible for governing the university’s academic matters,
including teaching and research, and the regulation and direction of the education and conduct
of students. The composition of the Senate is drawn from
the academic staff of the university, together with a number of ex-officio, elected and co-opted
members. The Chair of the Senate is the President and
Vice-Chancellor of the university. The Executive Board is the senior advisory
body that assists the President and Vice-Chancellor in discharging his executive authority to
manage the operations and affairs of the university. It is responsible for advising on all matters
relating to the university’s strategy and for making recommendations to Council for
approval. The above Bodies are supported by a series
of Committees that oversee the activities of distinctive administrative and academic
areas of the university.On 3 December 2015 it was announced that Max Lu would become
the university’s fifth President and Vice-Chancellor, taking up his appointment in April 2016. He succeeded Sir Christopher Snowden who moved
to take up the Vice-Chancellorship at the University of Southampton in September 2015. Sir Christopher joined Surrey on 1 July 2005. His predecessors are Patrick J. Dowling (1994-2005),
Anthony Kelly (1975-1994) and Peter Leggett, the last Principal of Battersea College of
Technology and the university’s first Vice-Chancellor.===
Educational links===Since its foundation, the university has fostered
links with other educational bodies in the local community and region. The university currently validates undergraduate
courses at Farnborough College of Technology and postgraduate research programmes at St
Mary’s University, Twickenham for students entering prior to August 2014. In 2007, the university and Dongbei University
of Finance and Economics in Dalian, China, launched the Surrey International Institute,
DUFE. The SII at DUFE offers Surrey degrees and
dual-degree programmes in China. A placement year link with North Carolina
State University was initiated in 2009, where each institution places students from the
other with companies located nearby, in the South East of England and the Carolinas, respectively.The
university holds a number of formal links with institutions from around the world to
share teaching and research and facilitate staff and student exchanges. University of São Paulo, Brazil
Seoul National University, South Korea University of Central Florida, USA
Pakistan University of Punjab North Carolina State University, USA
The DUFE—Surrey International Institute (东北财经大学萨里国际学院) is
an academic partnership with the Dongbei University of Finance and Economics in Dalian, China
University of Hong Kong Nanyang Technological University
National Autonomous University of Mexico MODUL University Vienna, Austria==Academic profile=====Research===The university conducts extensive research
on small satellites, with its Surrey Space Centre and spin-off commercial company, Surrey
Satellite Technology Ltd. In the 2001 Research Assessment Exercise,
the University of Surrey received a 5* rating in the categories of “Sociology”, “Other Studies
and Professions Allied to Medicine”, and “Electrical and Electronic Engineering”
and a 5* rating in the categories of “Psychology”, “Physics”, “Applied Mathematics”, “Statistics
and Operational Research”, “European Studies” and “Russian, Slavonic and East European Languages”.The
5G Innovation Centre (5GIC) at the University of Surrey opened in September 2015, for the
purpose of research for the development of the first worldwide 5G network. It has gained over £40m support from international
telecommunications companies including Aeroflex, MYCOM OSI, BBC, BT Group, EE (telecommunications
company), Fujitsu Laboratories of Europe, Huawei, Ofcom, Rohde & Schwarz, Samsung, Telefonica
and Vodafone – and a further £11.6m from the Higher Education Funding Council for England
(HEFCE). In addition, the Surrey Research Park is a
28 ha (69-acre) low density development which is owned and developed by the university,
providing large landscaped areas with water features and facilities for over 110 companies
engaged in a broad spectrum of research, development and design activities. The university generates the third highest
endowment income out of all UK universities “reflecting its commercially-orientated heritage.”===
Admissions===New students entering the university in 2015
had the 14th highest UCAS Points in the UK at 438 points (the equivalent of AAB at A
Level and BB at AS Level). According to the 2017 Times and Sunday Times
Good University Guide, approximately 8% of Surrey’s undergraduates come from independent
schools.For the 2016-17 academic year, the university has a higher proportion of female
than male students with a male to female ratio of 45:55 in the population. The undergraduate student body is composed
of 73% from the UK, 11% from the EU and 16% from outside of the EU. More students graduate from Surrey with a
First Class Honours degree (44.4%) than with a 2:1 degree (40.9%), placing it second amongst
mainstream British universities by the proportion of First Class degrees awarded.===Reputation and rankings===
The university has consistently been in the top 30 of the three main ranking compilations
of universities in the United Kingdom, placing 23rd in both The Times and Sunday Times Good
University Guide and the Complete University Guide, and 26th in The Guardian University
Guide for 2019/20. International rankings have seen a steady
improvement over the past five years. Subjects ranked in the top 10 include Hospitality
& Tourism, Food Science, Electronic Engineering, and Drama and Dance. The university was ranked 7th in the Times
Higher Education Student Experience Survey 2018.In 1991 the university was granted the
Queen’s Award for Export Achievement, and in 1996 was awarded a Queen’s Anniversary
Prize for Higher & Further Education in recognition of the university’s outstanding achievement
in satellite engineering and communications, teaching and research by the Centre for Satellite
Engineering Research and associated companies. In 1998, Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd was
awarded the Queen’s Award for Technological Achievement, presented in person by the Queen
on her second visit to the university, accompanied by The Duke of Edinburgh and The Duke of Kent,
Chancellor of the University.The university was awarded a 2002 Queen’s Anniversary Prize
for Higher & Further Education for its research and development on optoelectronic devices
and ion beam applications. In July 2007, the university was awarded Fairtrade
University status by the Fairtrade Foundation. The university won a 2011 Queen’s Anniversary
Prize for Higher & Further Education for its research into the fields of safe water and
sanitation. In 2013, the Electronic Engineering Department
of the university won the 2013 Elektra Award University Department of the Year, and judged
to be the most innovative and successful in Europe. In 2016 the university won The Sunday Times
University of the Year award. The university won a 2017 Queen’s Anniversary
Prize for Higher & Further Education for “Leading research and teaching in food and nutrition
informing public policy on diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis and other dietary related issues”.==Notable academics and alumni=====
Notable alumni======
Notable academics===Academics to work at the university include
Alf Adams, pioneer of the strained quantum-well laser; Jim Al-Khalili, the nuclear physicist,
author and broadcaster; Aleks Krotoski, the technology journalist and broadcaster; Sir
Martin Sweeting, founder of Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd; and Nigel Gilbert, the sociologist
pioneer in the use of agent-based models in the social sciences.The current Director of
the university’s Advanced Technology Institute, Ravi Silva, is known for his work in Nanotechnology. In 2003, he was awarded the Albert Einstein
Silver Medal and the Javed Husain Prize by UNESCO for contributions to electronic devices. The 2011 Clifford Paterson Lecture was given
by Silva because of his outstanding contributions to basic science and engineering in the field
of carbon nanoscience and nanotechnology. The lecture is given annually on any aspect
of engineering. The General Electric Company Limited endowed
the lecture in 1975 in honour of Clifford Paterson who undertook the creation of the
GEC Research Laboratories in 1919. Other notable academics who have delivered
the lecture include Frank Kelly and Richard Friend, both from the University of Cambridge. Surrey’s Centre for Environment and Sustainability
(established by Roland Clift in 1992 as the Centre for Environmental Strategy) gained
attention with the publication of Prosperity Without Growth in 2009 by University of Surrey
academic Tim Jackson, Professor of Sustainable Development and Director of the ESRC Research
Group on Lifestyles, Values and Environment. In October 2018 the University of Surrey reported
that writer and filmmaker Iain Sinclair had been appointed Distinguished Writer in Residence
with their School of Literature and Languages.On 20 May 2009, Andreas Mogensen, a researcher
at the Surrey Space Centre, was announced as a new member of the European Astronaut
Corps, part of the European Space Agency, thereby becoming the first Danish astronaut. In February 2011, terrorism and Northern Ireland
expert Marie Breen Smyth, joined the politics department, as Chair in International Relations. In March 2005, Breen-Smyth, (then Smyth) gave
evidence to the House of Commons Northern Ireland Affairs Committee Inquiry into dealing
with Northern Ireland’s past. Another notable academic was the late translation
studies scholar Peter Newmark.==Student life=====
Students’ Union===The University of Surrey Students’ Union is
the sole representative body of Surrey students. They represent students on academic and welfare
issues, as well as administering sports clubs and societies. The Union was incorporated as a non-profit
charity in July 2011, so any takings from the Union’s four commercial outlets are invested
in supporting the membership side of the business. Four zones exist within the organisation representing
Support, Voice, Community and Activity, with a sabbatical officer managing each one, as
well as a president who is a member of the University Council. The Students’ Union also organise events on
a weekly basis which are held at their venues including Rubix and The Basement for students
to take part in.In 2017 the University was specifically identified in the report by the
Free Speech University Rankings as having “unfamiliar” restrictions on free speech because
of a collection of its union byelaws regarding university mascot Steve the Stag: the mascot
is not allowed to be depicted by students to be drinking, smoking or, as the report
and subsequent articles directly quote, “involved in lewd acts”.===Media===
StagTV is the television station run by students at the University of Surrey. It is primarily run from offices on the main
Stag Hill campus and it also creates content for the Students’ Union, through which it
is a constituted group, but has editorial independence. Other student media on campus include Stag
Radio and The Stag. a monthly student magazine. Originally established as a newspaper under
the name Bare Facts in 1967, the newspaper was re-branded in 2008.==See also==
List of public art in Surrey Lewis Elton Gallery