University of Southampton | Wikipedia audio article

University of Southampton | Wikipedia audio article

September 2, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of Southampton (abbreviated
as Soton in post-nominal letters) is a research university located in Southampton, England.
The university’s origins date back to the founding of the Hartley Institution in 1862.
In 1902, the Institution developed into the Hartley University College, awarding degrees
from the University of London. On 29 April 1952, the institution was granted full university
status, allowing it to award its own degrees. Southampton is a founding member of the Russell
Group of research-intensive universities in Britain. In the most recent Research Excellence
Framework the university was ranked 18th in the United Kingdom for average quality of
research submitted, 11th for research power and 8th for research intensity.The university
has seven teaching campuses. The main campus is located in the Highfield area of Southampton
and is supplemented by four other campuses within the city: Avenue Campus housing the
Faculty of Humanities, the National Oceanography Centre housing courses in Ocean and Earth
Sciences, Southampton General Hospital offering courses in Medicine and Health Sciences, and
Boldrewood Campus an engineering and maritime technology campus housing also the university’s
strategic ally Lloyd’s Register. In addition, the university operates a School of Art based
in nearby Winchester and an international branch in Malaysia offering courses in Engineering.
Each campus is equipped with its own library facilities.The University of Southampton currently
has 17,535 undergraduate and 7,650 postgraduate students, making it the largest university
by higher education students in the South East region. The University of Southampton
Students’ Union, provides support, representation and social activities for the students ranging
from involvement in the Union’s four media outlets to any of the 200 affiliated societies
and 80 sports. The university owns and operates a sports ground at nearby Wide Lane for use
by students and also operates a sports centre on the main campus.==History=====
Hartley Institution===The University of Southampton has its origin
as the Hartley Institution which was formed in 1862 from a benefaction by Henry Robinson
Hartley (1777–1850). Hartley had inherited a fortune from two generations of successful
wine merchants. At his death in 1850, he left a bequest of £103,000 to the Southampton
Corporation for the study and advancement of the sciences in his property on Southampton’s
High Street, in the city centre. Hartley was an eccentric straggler, who had
little liking of the new age docks and railways in Southampton. He did not desire to create
a college for many (as formed at similar time in other English industrial towns and commercial
ports) but a cultural centre for Southampton’s intellectual elite. After lengthy legal challenges
to the Bequest, and a public debate as to how best interpret the language of his Will,
the Southampton Corporation choose to create the Institute (rather than a more widely accessible
college, that some public figures had lobbied for).
On 15 October 1862, the Hartley Institute was opened by the Prime Minister Lord Palmerston
in a major civic occasion which exceeded in splendor anything that anyone in the town
could remember. After initial years of financial struggle, the Hartley Institute became the
Hartley College in 1883. This move was followed by increasing numbers of students, teaching
staff, an expansion of the facilities and registered lodgings for students.===University College===In 1902, the Hartley College became the Hartley
University college, a degree awarding branch of the University of London. This was after
inspection of the teaching and finances by the University College Grants Committee, and
donations from Council members (including William Darwin the then Treasurer). An increase
in student numbers in the following years motivated fund raising efforts to move the
college to greenfield land around Back Lane (now University Road) in the Highfield area
of Southampton. On 20 June 1914, Viscount Haldane opened the new site of the renamed
Southampton University College. However, the outbreak of the First World War six weeks
later meant no lectures could take place there, as the buildings were handed over by the college
authorities for use as a military hospital. To cope with the volume of casualties, wooden
huts were erected at the rear of the building. These were donated to university by the War
Office after the end of fighting, in time for the transfer from the high street premises
in 1920. At this time, Highfield Hall, a former country house and overlooking Southampton
Common, for which a lease had earlier been secured, commenced use as a halls of residence
for female students. South Hill, on what is now the Glen Eyre Halls Complex was also acquired,
along with South Stoneham House to house male students.
Further expansion through the 1920s and 1930s was made possible through private donors,
such as the two daughters of Edward Turner Sims for the construction of the university
library, and from the people of Southampton, enabling new buildings on both sides of University
Road. During World War II the university suffered damage in the Southampton Blitz with bombs
landing on the campus and its halls of residence. The college decided against evacuation, instead
expanding its Engineering Department, School of Navigation and developing a new School
of Radio Telegraphy. Halls of residence were also used to house Polish, French and American
troops. After the war, departments such as Electronics grew under the influence of Erich
Zepler and the Institute of Sound and Vibration was established.===University===On 29 April 1952, Queen Elizabeth II granted
the University of Southampton a Royal Charter, the first to be given to a university during
her reign, which enabled it to award degrees. Six faculties were created: Arts, Science,
Engineering, Economics, Education and Law. The first University of Southampton degrees
were awarded on 4 July 1953, following the appointment of the Duke of Wellington as Chancellor
of the university. Student and staff numbers grew throughout the next couple of decades
as a response to the Robbins Report. The campus also grew significantly, when in July 1961
the university was given the approval to acquire some 200 houses on or near the campus by the
Borough Council. In addition, more faculties and departments were founded, including Medicine
and Oceanography (despite the discouragement of Sir John Wolfenden, the chairman of the
University Grants Committee). Student accommodation was expanded throughout the 1960s and 1970s
with the acquisition of Chilworth manor and new buildings at the Glen Eyre and Montefiore
complexes. In 1987, a crisis developed when the University
Grants Committee announced, as part of nationwide cutbacks, a series of reductions in the funding
of the university. To eliminate the expected losses, the budgets and deficits subcommittee
proposed reducing staff numbers. This proposal was met with demonstrations on campus and
was later reworked (to reduce the redundancies and reallocate the reductions in faculties
funding) after being rejected by the university Senate.By the mid-1980s through to the 1990s,
the university looked to expand with new buildings on the Highfield campus, developing the Chilworth
Manor site into a science park and conference venue, opening the National Oceanography Centre
at a dockside location and purchasing new land from the City Council for the Arts Faculty
and sports fields (at Avenue Campus and Wide Lane, respectively).===Research university===Under the leadership of then Vice-Chancellor,
Sir Howard Newby the university became more focused in encouraging and investment in more
and better quality research. In the mid-1990s, the university gained two new campuses, as
the Winchester School of Art and La Sainte Union College became part of the university.
A new school for Nursing and Midwifery was also created and went on to provide training
for NHS professionals in central-southern England. This involved a huge increase in
student numbers and the establishment of sub-campuses in Basingstoke, Winchester, Portsmouth and
Newport, Isle of Wight.In the autumn of 1997, the university experienced Britain’s worst
outbreak of meningitis, with the death of three students. The university responded to
the crisis by organising a mass vaccination programme, and later took the ground-breaking
decision to offer all new students vaccinations.The university celebrated its Golden Jubilee on
22 January 2002. By this time, Southampton had research income that represented over
half of the total income, which remains one of the highest proportions of income derived
from research activities of British Universities. In recent years a number of new landmark buildings
have been added as part of the estates development. New constructions on the main campus include
the Jubilee Sports Complex in 2004, the EEE (ECS, Education and Entrance) building in
2007, the new Mountbatten building in 2008 housing the School of Electronics and Computer
Science following a fire and the Life Sciences building in 2010. In addition, the Hartley
Library and Student Services Centre were both extended and redesigned in 2005 and the Students’
Union was also extended in 2002. Other constructions include the Archaeology building on Avenue
Campus in 2006 and the Institute of Development Sciences building at Southampton General Hospital
in 2007. The university has also significantly redeveloped its Boldrewood Campus which is
home to part of the engineering faculty and to Lloyd’s Register’s Global Technology Centre.The
university joined The Science and Engineering South Consortium (SES-5) on 9 May 2013. the
SES-5 was created to pool the collective insights and resources of the University of Oxford,
University of Cambridge, Imperial College London and University College London to innovate
and explore new ideas through collaboration whilst providing efficiencies of scale and
shared utilisation of facilities. This is the most powerful cluster of research intensive
universities in the UK and the new consortium is to become one of the world’s leading hubs
for science and engineering research.==Campuses==
The university has seven educational campuses – five in Southampton, one in Winchester,
and one international branch in Malaysia. The university also operates a science park
nearby. The university also owns sports facilities and halls of residences on a variety of other
nearby sites.===Highfield Campus===The university’s main campus is located in
the residential area of Highfield. Opened on 20 June 1914, the site was initially used
as a military hospital during World War I. The campus grew gradually, mainly consisting
of detailed red brick buildings (such as the Hartley library and West building of the Students’
Union) designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. In 1956, Sir Basil Spence was commissioned
to prepare a masterplan of the campus for the foreseeable future. This included incorporating
the University Road, that split the 59-acre (24 ha) campus in two and the quarry of Sir
Sidney Kimber’s brickyard that itself was split by a stream. Unable to remove the road
and the private houses along it, Spence designed many of the buildings facing away from it,
using contemporary designs working in concrete, glass and mosaic. During recent decades, new
buildings were added that contravened the master plan of Spence, such as the Synthetic
Chemistry Building and Mountbatten Building (the latter of which was destroyed by fire
in 2005). A new masterplan for the Highfield campus
was drawn up in 1998 by Rick Mather, who proposed that the University Road should become a tree-lined
boulevard backed by white-rendered buildings. He also contributed some of the newer buildings
such as the Zepler and Gower Buildings. In 1991, the Highfield Planning Group was formed
within the university under the chairmanship of Tim Holt. This led to the development of
new buildings such as the Jubilee Sports Hall, Student Services Building and the Institute
of Sound and Vibration Research. In addition, existing buildings, such as the Hartley Library,
were extensively renovated and extended.===Avenue Campus===Avenue Campus is currently home to the Faculty
of Humanities, with the exception of Music, and is located a short distance away from
the main Highfield campus. The site previously housed the Southampton Tramsheds and Richard
Taunton’s College, of which the existing building still stands on the site. It was purchased
by the university from Southampton City Council for £2 million in December 1993 so that the
university could expand – planning regulations meant that excess land on the Highfield campus
couldn’t be built on and had to be reserved for future car parking spaces. The car parking
spaces have now been built. The departments moved onto the campus in 1996. The campus
consists of the original Tauntons building from the early 20th century but redeveloped
with a glass-fronted courtyard and extension and a new Archaeology building built in 2006
costing £2.7 million.===National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
===The National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
(NOCS) is located in Southampton Docks some three miles south of the main university campus.
The campus is home of the university’s Ocean and Earth Sciences department and is also
a campus of the Natural Environment Research Council’s research institute, the National
Oceanography Centre. Five of the National Oceanography Centre’s research divisions are
based on the campus.Planning of the campus began in 1989 and was completed in 1994 due
to cuts and uncertainties whether a national research centre could be successfully integrated
with a university. It was opened in 1996 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The campus was also
the base for the NERC purpose-built research vessels RRS James Cook and until recently
the RRS Discovery and the RRS Charles Darwin.===University Hospital Southampton (UHS)
===The university maintains a presence at Southampton
General in partnership with the NHS trust operating the hospital. It is home to some
operations of the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Health Sciences, although these
two faculties have bases on Highfield campus. As a teaching hospital, it is used by a range
of undergraduate and postgraduate medical students, research academics and clinicians.The
university’s involvement began in 1971, when it became the first to house a new school
of medicine alongside the universities of Nottingham and Leicester, and currently extends
to several operations and specific research centres.===Winchester School of Art===The Winchester School of Art, located in central
Winchester, houses the university’s arts and textiles courses that are part of the Faculty
of Business and Law. The school itself was established in the 1960s and was integrated
into the University of Southampton in 1996. The campus contains the original school buildings
from the 1960s in addition to structures built when the merger occurred and in 1998 when
the Textile Conservation Centre moved to the site from Hampton Court Palace. The centre
remained with the school until its closure in 2009. The campus also contains a small
union building run by the university’s Students’ Union.===Malaysia Campus===
The university opened its first international campus in Iskandar Puteri, Malaysia in October
2012. Located in the state of Johor near the southwestern tip of Malaysia, the Malaysia
Campus is about four hours’ drive south of Malaysia’s capital city, Kuala Lumpur. The
campus is located within EduCity in Iskandar Puteri, a new city in Johor and forms a part
of a pioneering multi-varsity education hub, comprising universities and institutes of
higher education, academia-industry action and R&D centres, as well as student accommodation,
shared sports and recreational facilities. The Malaysian campus includes state of the
art equipment and facilities that enable students to put the theory they learn into practice
and deliver real results.The campus operates courses in the engineering sectors at present.
It offers an Engineering Foundation Year programme and MEng programmes in Aeronautics and Astronautics,
Mechanical Engineering and Electrical and Electronic Engineering. All programmes have
been approved by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) and the Board of Engineers Malaysia
(BEM).The split campus (UK and Malaysia) degree programmes enable students to gain a unique
‘Southampton’ education for the first two years in Malaysia combined with the final
two years at a world-class research-centred university in the UK. Engineering students
will graduate with a degree from an internationally recognised university and gain a truly global
education experience. In 2016, the Malaysia Campus’ first group of students graduated
with excellent results – they obtained 10 First Class and eight Upper Second Class MEng
degrees. Moreover,the Malaysia campus produced its first PhD graduate during the same year.
In 2017, the university celebrated the achievements of the first Electrical and Electronic Engineering
graduates to complete their degrees via the Malaysia Campus.===Other sites=======
Boldrewood Campus====Boldrewood campus, located a short distance
from the Highfield campus, houses the university’s new Maritime Centre of Excellence, the Southampton
Marine and Maritime Institute and Lloyd’s Register’s Group Technology Centre.The campus
was formerly the Biomedical Sciences campus of the university and acted, until 2010, as
a non-hospital base for the School of Medicine and home to a research facility for the Biological
Sciences. These departments were then relocated to either Southampton General Hospital, the
new Life Sciences building at Highfield, or the University of Southampton science park.====Science Park====
The University of Southampton Science Park contains approximately 50 businesses that
either wish to work with the university or were established by the university itself
and which use the surroundings of the park to grow. Originally established in 1983 as
Chilworth Science Park, named after the manor house that is now a luxury hotel and conference
centre, the park houses business incubator units to help these companies. The companies
occupying the park range in expertise and fields including oil and gas exploration,
pharmaceuticals, nanotechnology and optoelectronics, with the businesses being particularly effective
with three of the twelve successful spin-out companies created since 2000 being floated
on London’s Alternative Investment Market (AIM) with a combined market capitalisation
value of £160 million. The park was renamed in 2006. Notable companies include Merck KGaA,
PrimerDesign, Karus Therapeutics and Synairgen.====Centre for Cancer Immunology====
The University started a fundraising campaign in 2015 to build a four-storey building based
at Southampton General Hospital. At the beginning of 2018, the target amount of 25 million pounds
was raised, allowing 150 scientists to move into the building in March. The Centre for
Cancer Immunology is the first of its kind in the UK and contains state-of-the-art facilities
that will hosts clinical trial units and laboratories that will explore the relationship between
cancer and the immune system.===Transport links===To connect the university’s Southampton campuses,
halls of residence, hospitals, and other important features of the city, the university operates
the Unilink bus service for the benefit of the students, staff and the general public.
The service is currently operated by local bus company Bluestar using the Unilink name.
The service consists of four routes. The U1 runs between Southampton Airport and the National
Oceanography Centre via Wessex Lane Halls, Highfield campus, Portswood, Southampton City
Centre and Southampton Central railway station. The other regular routes, the U2 and the U6,
run between the City Centre and Bassett Green and Southampton General Hospital respectively
while the final route, the U9, runs an infrequent service between Southampton General hospital
and Townhill Park. Students who live in some halls of residence receive an annual smart-card
bus pass, allowing them to use all of the Unilink services without extra payment.The
fleet of buses was replaced in September 2013 with new Alexander Dennis Enviro400 double-decker
buses on most routes.==Organisation=====Governance===Responsibility for running the university
is held formally by the Chancellor and led at the executive level by the Vice-Chancellor,
currently Sir Christopher Snowden. The key bodies in the university governance structure
are the Council, Court and Senate. The Council is the governing body of the university.
It is ultimately responsible for the overall planning and management of the university.
The council is also responsible for ensuring that the funding made available to the university
by the Higher Education Funding Council for England is used as prescribed. The council
is composed of members from 5 different classes, namely (1) officers; (2) twelve members appointed
by the council; (3) six members appointed by the Senate; (4) one member of the non-teaching
staff; (5) the President of the Students’ Union.The University Court provides a forum
for consultation with the local and regional community, to help promote public awareness
of the university and to attract and maintain goodwill. The court is composed of some 190
members, representatives of the university, which includes members of Council, Deans of
the Faculties, Heads of Academic Schools, members of staff, students and graduates;
representatives of local authorities and of schools and colleges in the region; members
of the UK and European parliaments; and representatives of other local societies and bodies.The Senate
is the university’s primary academic authority, with responsibilities which include the direction
and regulation of education and examinations, the award of degrees, and the promotion of
research. The Senate has approximately 150 members, including the Deputy Vice-Chancellors/Pro
Vice-Chancellors, the Deans and Associate Deans of the Faculties, the Heads of the academic
Schools and Research Centres, representatives from the academic staff in each School, representatives
of the research staff and those administrative groups most closely associated with educational
activities, and representatives of the Students’ Union. The Senate is chaired by the Vice-Chancellor.===
Faculties===The university comprises five faculties, each
with a number of academic units. This current faculty structure came into effect in 2018,
taking over from a previous structure consisting of eight faculties. The current faculty structure
is:===Affiliations===
Southampton is a founding member of the Russell Group of research-intensive universities in
Britain.==Academic profile=====
Courses and subjects===Southampton awards a wide range of academic
degrees spanning academic degrees for bachelor’s in a variety of degrees and master’s degrees
as well as junior doctorates and higher doctorates. The postnominals awarded are the degree abbreviations
used commonly among British universities. The university is part of the Engineering
Doctorate scheme, for the award of Eng. D. degrees.
Professional qualifications are also awarded, such as Qualified Teacher Status (QTS). Short
courses and professional development courses are run by many of the university’s Academic
Schools and Research Centres.The university works closely with members of the Armed Forces.
It provides professional military educators in the British Army to study for a Postgraduate
Certificate in Education (PGCE). The University also works with the Royal Navy to provide
training and qualifications towards Chartered Engineer status.===Admissions===
In terms of average UCAS points of entrants, Southampton ranked 28th in Britain in 2014.
The university gives offers of admission to 84.0% of its applicants, the 6th highest amongst
the Russell Group.According to the 2017 Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide, approximately
15% of Southampton’s undergraduates come from independent schools. In the 2016–17 academic
year, the university had a domicile breakdown of 72:7:21 of UK:EU:non-EU students respectively
with a female to male ratio of 53:47.===Rankings and reputation===
The University of Southampton was rated as one of the world’s top 100 universities by
the Times Higher Education Table in 2013, while the 2015/2016 QS World University Rankings
ranked Southampton 81st overall in the world. Southampton is ranked 65th in the world (and
9th in the UK) in the 2018 Round University Ranking., while in the 2017 U.S. News & World
Report ranks Southampton 97th in the world and 10th in the UK.As of 2014 the Webometrics
Ranking of World Universities places Southampton 32nd worldwide and 5th in the UK, the Center
for World University Rankings ranks Southampton 11th in the UK, and Scimago institutions rankings
puts Southampton 11th for research output and 13th for scientific talent pool.Southampton
was awarded Bronze (“provision is of satisfactory quality”) in the 2017 Teaching Excellence
Framework, a government assessment of the quality of undergraduate teaching in universities
and other higher education providers in England. The Bronze award was appealed by the university,
however it was rejected by the HEFCE in August 2017. In response, the university’s Vice Chancellor,
Christopher Snowden, claimed the exercise was “devoid of any meaningful assessment of
teaching” and that “there are serious lessons to be learned if the TEF is to gain public
confidence.” Enrolment into the exercise was voluntary and institutions were made aware
of the metrics used before agreeing to be assessed by the TEF. In January 2018, the
university confirmed that it would re-enter the TEF believing that it would benefit from
changed evaluations that would benefit Russell Group universities.
The University of Southampton is cited as being the UK’s leading university for engineering.
The Guardian ranked the university at number 1 in the UK for Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical
Engineering, Naval Architecture, Electronic and Electrical Engineering in June 2010.In
the 2014 Research Excellence Framework assessing the research output of 154 British Universities
and Institutes, Southampton was ranked 18th for GPA (15th among Russell Group Universities),
11th for research power (11th among Russell Group Universities), and 8th for research
intensity (7th among Russell Group Universities).===Research===
The university conducts research in most academic disciplines and is home to a number of notable
research centres. Southampton has leading research centres in a number of disciplines,
e.g. music, computer sciences, engineering or management sciences, and houses world-leading
research institutions in fields as varied as oceanography and web science.Within the
university there are a number of research institutes and groups that aim to pool resources
on a specific research area. Institutes or groups identified by the university of being
of significant importance are marked in italics.====Institute of Sound and Vibration Research
====The Institute of Sound and Vibration Research
(ISVR), is an acoustical research institute which is part of the University of Southampton.
Founded in 1963, it has been awarded a 2006 Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further
Education.ISVR is divided into four distinct groups of research: The Dynamics Group, (specialised in the modelling,
measurement and control of structural vibrations). The Fluid Dynamics and Acoustics Group (including
the Rolls-Royce University Technology Centre in Gas Turbine Noise) specialised in three
fields which are aero-acoustics of aircraft engines, ultrasonics and underwater acoustics,
noise source imaging and virtual acoustics. The Human Sciences Group (including the Hearing
and Balance Centre and the Human Factors Research Unit) specialises in the human response to
sound and vibration. The Signal Processing and Control Group, which
specialises in acoustics, dynamics, audiology and human sciences and as a basis for control
of sound and vibration.ISVR offers a number of Undergraduate and Postgraduate degree programmes
in acoustical engineering, acoustics & music and audiology.===EPrints===The School of Electronics and Computer Science
created the first archiving software (EPrints) to publish its research freely available on
the Web. This software is used throughout the university and as an archiving system
for many different institutions around the world.===Libraries===The university has libraries located on each
of the academic campuses and in total the collection holds over 1.5 million books and
periodicals.The university’s primary library is the Hartley Library, located on Highfield
campus and first built in 1935 and extended further in 1959 and 2005. The majority of
the books and periodicals are held there as well as specialist collections of works such
as Ford collection of Parliamentary papers and the European Documentation Centre. In
addition, the main library houses the Special Collections and Archives centre, housing more
than 6 million manuscripts and a large archive of rare books. Specific collections include
the correspondence of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, acquired by the university
in 1983, as well as the Broadlands Archive, including the Palmerston and Mountbatten papers.
The library also contains 4,500 volumes of Claude Montefiore’s library on Theology and
Judaism, the Ford Parliamentary Papers, Frank Perkins’ collection of books on agriculture,
Sir Samuel Gurney-Dixon’s Dante collection and the James Parkes Library of Jewish/non-Jewish
relations. The library also includes six rare editions of the Divina Commedia; the first
of these, the Brescia edition of 1487, is the library’s earliest book.In addition to
the main Hartley Library, there are other libraries based at the university’s other
campuses primarily focused on the subjects studied at that location. As one of the smaller
libraries and given its proximity to the Highfield campus, the Avenue Library only houses a collection
of key Humanities resources. It does however also hold an extensive film library, many
of an international nature. On a larger scale, the libraries at the National Oceanography
Centre, Southampton General Hospital, Winchester School of Art are more complete and house
the majority of the resources and specialist collections on oceanography and earth sciences,
healthcare and art and design respectively. The Malaysia campus holds a small collection
of reference books but the majority of the resources needed for courses at the campus
are available online. Separate from the Hartley Library is the E. J. Richards Engineering
Library, which contains further materials for more in-depth study and is freely accessible
to Engineering students and staff.===Arts===The university’s main Highfield campus is
home to three main arts venues supported and funded by the university and Arts Council
England. The Nuffield Theatre opened in 1963 with construction funded by a grant from the
Nuffield Foundation of £130,000 (£2,450,000 in 2013). The building was designed by Sir
Basil Spence as part of his campus masterplan with additional direction provided by Sir
Richard Southern. The theatre consists of a 480-seat auditorium, that also served as
the principal lecture theatre at the time of construction, as well as additional lecture
theatres and adjacent Kitchen bar. The Turner Sims Concert Hall was added to
the art provision in October 1974 following a £30,000 (£460,000 in 2012) donation from
Margaret Grassam Sims in 1967. It was made to provide a venue specifically for music
following difficulties in gaining space in the Nuffield Theatre and due to acoustical
differences with the spaces. The new space has a single auditorium, designed by the university’s
Institute of Sound and Vibration Research with musical performances in mind, with a
flat space at the bottom so it could be used for exams.The final of the three Art Council
supported venues on campus is the John Hansard Gallery. The gallery was opened on 22 September
1980 but is housed in a building that previously housed a tidal model of Southampton Water
between 1957 and 1978. It took over responsibility from a photographic gallery, a gallery in
the Nuffield Theatre and one located on Boldrewood campus. It houses various exhibitions in contemporary
art and is due to move to new premises in Guildhall Square in c.2015.These three centres
are supplemented by the Special Collections Gallery, located on Level 4 of the Hartley
Library and showing exhibitions from the university’s archives and special collections, as well
as gallery spaces located at the Winchester School of Art campus. In addition, the western
half of Highfield campus contain several 20th-century sculptures by Barbara Hepworth, Justin Knowles,
Nick Pope and John Edwards.==Student life=====
Students’ Union===The University of Southampton Students’ Union
(SUSU.), is sited in three buildings opposite the Hartley Library. One, the West Building,
dates back to the 1940s in a red brick style, complementing the Hartley Library opposite;
the main building was built in the 1960s in the Basil Spence masterplan. This was extended
with new nightclub and cinema facilities in 2002. The newest building was built during
the mid-1990s which includes the recently refurbished union shop, on the ground floor
with a hairdressers, Unilink office, and another retail outlet for clothing on the first floor.The
student union is actually separate from the University of Southampton, and is its own
business. It gets funds partially from the university to finance many of its activities.
The multiple award-winning student radio station, Surge, broadcasts from new studios in the
main union building. The award-winning website unionsouthampton.org was created and run by
students at the university. A brand new purpose built studio has been constructed for the
TV station SUSUtv. The student newspaper is now published once every three weeks as Wessex
Scene. The Edge, originally an insert of the Wessex Scene, is now an editorially independent
entertainment magazine.Events are held in The Cube, the union’s nightclub. The Cube
also doubles up as the on campus cinema run by Union Films. The Bridge, the union’s cocktail
bar, and in the Stag’s Head, the union pub. National touring bands play in the Garden
Court in the West Building.===Halls of Residence===The university provides accommodation for
all first year students who require it and places in residences are further available
for international and MSc students. Accommodation may be catered, self catered, have ensuite
facilities, a sink in the room, or access to communal bathroom facilities. Each hall
has a Junior Common Room (JCR) committee that is responsible for the running of social events
and representing the residents to the students union and the university via the Students
union JCR officer. Glen Eyre and Montefiore also have bars which are separately run by
the students union and are staffed by current and ex residents.The university’s accommodation
exists around two large complexes of halls and some other small halls located around
the city, two of which are usually grouped into another collective entity. These are: Glen Eyre Complex – The complex lies less
than half a mile to the north of Highfield Campus and houses approximately 2000 students.
The complex consists of several building sets, designed over the years and arranged either
around the central landscaped garden – the oldest buildings, Richard Newitt Courts are
separated into blocks A-G and are closest to the Glen Bar, students in these blocks
have very small flats (between 4 and 6 to a kitchen with usually more than one bathroom).
Old Terrace and New Terrace are close to the site’s entrance, New Terrace has ensuite rooms.
Chancellors’ courts, consisting of Selbourne, Jellicoe and Roll courts are the most modern
blocks in the accommodation with Brunei house, the most basic of accommodations, on the outskirts.
The Chancellors’ Courts are currently undergoing a scheme of minor refurbishment, with the
final building, Roll Court due to be completed over Summer 2018. J Block was refurbished
during 2016 and opened to residents in Autumn 2017. Located on the south side of Glen Eyre
Road on the periphery of the site are Chamberlain Halls, which share most things with the main
Glen Eyre site. This site consists of Hartley Grove, South Hill, Beechmount House and the
new Chamberlain blocks which housed their first residents in 2016/17. All Glen Eyre
Halls are self-catered at present. Wessex Lane Halls – Located in Swaythling
approximately one mile east of the Highfield Campus. The complex provides accommodation
for over 1,800 students and currently comprises two halls of residence: Montefiore Hall, abbreviated
as Monte (sub-divided into the four stages of construction), and Connaught, one of the
original halls of residence of the university and sub-divided into the Old and New quads.
Connaught Halls are fully catered. The complex also features South Stoneham House, a period
building constructed in 1708, currently undergoing renovation and changes as a planned conference
facility. The adjoining 17-storey South Stoneham tower block constructed in 1964 is awaiting
demolition. City Gateway Hall – Located in Swaythling
one mile north east of the Highfield Campus at the intersection of two major roads. Opened
in September 2015, the landmark building was included in the runners-up list of the 2015
Carbuncle Cup. Featuring a 15-story elliptical tower and two adjoining six-story rectangular
accommodation blocks the hall provides accommodation for up to 375 students.
Mayflower Halls – Located in the city centre within the city’s ‘Cultural Quarter’, and
two-minutes walk away from Southampton Central railway station. The hall opened at the start
of the 2014/2015 academic year, and houses over 1100 students in a mix of ensuite, premium
ensuite rooms, as well as some self-contained studio and one bedroom flats.
Archers Road – Lying two miles south of Highfield and housing 500 students, Archers
Road compromises two halls on separate sites, grouped together for their close proximity
alone. The two halls, Gateley and Romero, are all self-contained and self catered but
share a reception and other community facilities. The university sold St. Margaret’s Hall, previously
part of the Archers Road complex to Fresh Student Living in 2016.
Bencraft Hall – Located a mile and a half north of Highfield and housing approximately
200 students, Bencraft is one of the smaller and cheaper halls of the university. Bencraft
Hall has been closed for refurbishment since 2017.
Highfield Halls – Located adjacent to Avenue Campus and half a mile from Highfield campus.
Highfield halls comprises Aubrey and Wolfe houses and both have on site catering. The
site is also used as a University conference facility during the summer months when vacated.
Shaftesbury Avenue and Gower Building – These two sites are used by mature and postgraduate
students. Shaftesbury Avenue is located near Portswood and is a mile from Highfield while
the Gower building is located on Highfield campus. These two are a small number of self-contained
apartments, in the case of the Gower building, located above other university amenities.
Liberty Point – Located in Central Southampton, this accommodation is not owned by the university
but does provide approximately 300 accommodation spaces in partnership with the university.
Erasmus Park – Located in Winchester, this hall houses around 400 students studying at
the Winchester School of Art.The university also has accommodation located in Balmoral
House and Victoria Place, Portsmouth and in Basingstoke for the use of Nursing and Midwifery
students studying on placement in these areas.===Healthcare===
There are two NHS practices on the campus: The University Health Service and Highfield
Health. The larger of the two practices is University Health Service, with over 15,000
patients working from Building 48 between the Physics & Maths Buildings, whilst Highfield
Health is the smaller practice serving around 3,000 patients from its location on 31 University
Road.===Sports===The university’s Sport and Wellbeing department
runs the majority of the sports facilities on campus which are based predominately at
two locations: the Jubilee Sports Centre and Wide Lane Sports Ground. The Jubilee Sports
Centre, opened in 2004 at a cost of £8.5 million, is located on the Highfield Campus
and contains a six-lane 25-metre swimming pool, 160 workstation gym and an eight-court
sports hall. Wide Lane meanwhile is located nearby in Eastleigh and was refurbished at
cost of £4.3 million in 2007. The 73-acre (30 ha) complex includes flood-lit synthetic
turf and grass pitches, tennis courts, a pavilion and a ‘Team Southampton’ Gym. The university
also runs facilities at the Avenue Campus, National Oceanography Centre, the Watersports
Centre on the River Itchen and at Glen Eyre and Wessex Lane halls while there is another
sports hall, squash courts, martial arts studio and bouldering wall located within the Students’
Union.The university competes in numerous sports in the BUCS South East Conference (after
switching from the Western Conference in 2009). A number of elite athletes are supported by
the SportsRec through sports bursaries and the UK Government’s Talented Athlete Scholarship
Scheme (TASS). The University Athletic Union was formally
established on 29 November 1929, by the University College council. Versions of the union had
existed previously to which many clubs such as Cricket, Association Football, Rugby, Boxing,
Gymnastics, Tennis and Boat clubs (all formed before the turn of the 20th century) were
members.====Mustangs Baseball Club====
The Southampton Mustangs Baseball Club was founded in 1997. In the early years, the club
participated in mainly friendly games against other British university baseball teams, as
no formal university league was in existence. Starting in 1998, the Mustangs started to
host a university baseball tournament – inviting other teams including Oxford, Cambridge, Portsmouth,
Royal Holloway, and Norwich. In 2004 the Mustangs entered into the national adult baseball leagues
run by the British Baseball Federation (BBF). The club entered in the lowest division, but
after a few years of consolidation, the Mustangs have worked their way up from the lower leagues
in the BBF to play in the top-tier league of the British baseball, the British National
Baseball League (NBL), in the 2010 season.====National student championships====
Throughout its history the university has had a number of successful teams in national
student championships.==Notable people=====Academics===
Academics working at the university include Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World
Wide Web, Wendy Hall, inventor of Microcosm (hypermedia system) a predecessor of the World
Wide Web, founding director of the Web Science Trust between the University of Southampton
and MIT, José Antonio Bowen, President of Goucher College and a Fellow of the Royal
Society of Arts, Erich Zepler, who made leading contributions to radio receiver development,
David Payne, who invented EDFA for use in fibre optics cables, Sir Barry Cunliffe, a
pioneer of modern British archaeology, Ray Monk, the biographer of Ludwig Wittgenstein,
Albie Sachs, former Judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa, and Tim Holt, former
President of the Royal Statistical Society and Office for National Statistics.==See also