University of New South Wales

University of New South Wales

October 7, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of New South Wales is an
Australian public research university located in the suburb of Kensington in
Sydney. The university was established in 1949 by the New South Wales
government. The main campus is located on a 38-hectare site in the Sydney
suburb of Kensington, seven kilometres from the centre of Sydney. The creative
arts faculty, UNSW Art & Design, is located in Paddington, UNSW Canberra is
located at the Australian Defence Force Academy in Canberra, and sub-campuses
are located in the Sydney CBD, the suburbs of Randwick and Coogee, research
stations are located throughout the state of New South Wales.
UNSW is a founding member of the Group of Eight, a coalition of Australian
research-intensive universities, and of Universitas 21, a leading global network
of research universities. It has international exchange and research
partnerships with over 200 universities around the world. It was ranked among
the top 50 universities in the world, according to the 2015 QS World
University Rankings, and among the top 4 in Australia. UNSW graduates hold more
chief executive positions of ASX 200 listed companies than those of any other
university in Australia. History
The idea of founding the University originated from the crisis demands of
World War II, during which the nation’s attention was drawn to the critical role
that science and technology played in transforming an agricultural society
into a modern and industrial one. The post-war Labor government of New South
Wales recognised the increasing need to have a university specialised in
training high-quality engineers and technology-related professionals in
numbers beyond that of the capacity and characteristics of the existing
University of Sydney. This led to the proposal to establish the Institute of
Technology, submitted by the then New South Wales Minister for Education Bob
Heffron, accepted on 9 July 1946. The university, originally named the
“New South Wales University of Technology”, gained its statutory status
through the enactment of New South Wales University of Technology Act 1949 by
Parliament of New South Wales in Sydney in 1949. In March 1948, classes
commenced with a first intake of 46 students pursuing programs including
civil engineering, mechanical engineering, mining engineering and
electrical engineering. At that time the thesis programmes were innovative. Each
course embodied a specified and substantial period of practical training
in the relevant industry. It was also unprecedented for tertiary institutions
at that time to include compulsory instruction in humanities.
Initially, the university operated from the inner Sydney Technical College city
campus at Ultimo. However, in 1951, the Parliament of New South Wales passed the
New South Wales University of Technology Act 1951 to provide funding and allow
buildings to be erected at the Kensington site where the university is
now located.=University of New South Wales=
In 1958, the university’s name was changed to the “University of New South
Wales” to reflect its transformation from a technology-based institution to a
generalist university. In 1960, it established Faculties of Arts and
Medicine, and shortly after decided to add a Faculty of Law, which came into
being in 1971. The university’s first director was
Arthur Denning, who made important contributions to founding the
university. In 1953, he was replaced by Professor Philip Baxter, who continued
as vice-chancellor when this position’s title was changed in 1955. Baxter’s
dynamic, if authoritarian, management was central to the University’s first
twenty years. His visionary, but at times controversial, energies saw the
university grow from a handful to 15,000 students by 1968. He also pioneered new
scientific and technological disciplines despite the criticism of
traditionalists. Staff recruited both locally and overseas, soon established a
wide international reputation. The new Vice-Chancellor, Professor Rupert Myers,
brought consolidation and an urbane management style to a period of
expanding student numbers, demand for change in University style, and
challenges of student unrest. The stabilising techniques of the 1980s
managed by Vice-Chancellor Professor Michael Birt provided a firm base for
the energetic corporatism and campus enhancements pursued by the subsequent
Vice-Chancellor, Professor John Niland. The 1990s saw the addition of Fine Arts
to the University. The University established Colleges in Newcastle and
Wollongong, which eventually became the University of Newcastle and the
University of Wollongong in 1965 and 1975 respectively.
At present, private sources contribute 45% of its annual funding.
The University is home to the Lowy Cancer Research Centre, one of
Australia’s largest cancer research facilities. The centre, costing $127
million, is Australia’s first facility to bring together researchers in
childhood and adult cancer. In 2003, the University was invited by
Singapore’s Economic Development Board to consider opening a campus there.
Following a 2004 decision to proceed, the first phase of a planned $200 m
campus opened in 2007. Students and staff were sent home and the campus
closed after one semester following substantial financial losses.
Symbols The Grant of Arms was made by the
College of Arms on 3 March 1952. The grant reads:
Argent on a Cross Gules a Lion passant guardant between four Mullets of eight
points Or a Chief Sable charged with an open Book proper thereon the word
“SCIENTIA” in letters also sable. The lion and the four stars of the
Southern Cross on the St George’s Cross have reference to the State of New South
Wales which established the University; the open book with “SCIENTIA” across its
pages is a reminder of its purpose. The placement of “Scientia” on the book was
inspired by its appearance on the arms of the Imperial College of Science,
Technology and Medicine, formed in 1907. Beneath the shield is the motto “Manu et
Mente”, which was the motto of the Sydney Technical College, from which the
University developed. An update of the design and colours of
the Arms was undertaken in 1970, which provided a more contemporary design, yet
retained all the Arms’ heraldic associations. In 1994 the University
title was added to the UNSW arms, as was the abbreviation “UNSW”, to create the
UNSW Symbol, which is used for everyday and marketing purposes.
There is also a university flag, which consists of the coat of arms centred on
a mid blue field. The blue field of the flag is lined with a yellow band on all
sides. There is a further outer band of black on all sides which is equal in
width to the yellow band. The Ceremonial mace of the university is
made of stainless steel with silver facings and a shaft of eumung timber. On
the head are mounted four silver shields, two engraved with the arms of
the State of New South Wales and two with the original-design arms of the
University. A silver Waratah, NSW’s floral emblem, surmounts the head. The
mace was donated to the university by Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited
and was presented by the company chairman Colin Syme on 6 December 1962.
Former NSW Government Architect Dr. Cobden Parkes was appointed as the first
official Mace-bearer. Entry and World Rankings
=Selection and entry=The Australian Tertiary Admission Rank
is the primary criterion for entry into most undergraduate-entry university
programs. ATAR is a percentile awarded to students based upon the student’s
performance in their Higher School Certificate. The number functions as a
rank of all students entering the tertiary education system, based on the
number of students in year 12. The maximum rank attainable is 99.95.
In 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, UNSW admitted more of the top 500 NSW HSC
performers than any other university. This consequently makes UNSW and the
University of Sydney two of the most selective universities in Australia for
undergraduate admission. The table below summarises the ATAR
scores needed to secure entry into the course. UMAT is the Undergraduate
Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test. A indicates that vacancies were
available at the conclusion of the main round of offers to students.
The university offers a bonus points scheme, “HSC Plus”, which awards points
for performance in Australian Senior Secondary Certificate [Year 12] courses
relevant to UNSW undergraduate degrees. The UNSW Co-op Program is offered across
many Programs in the Faculties of the Built Environment, Engineering, Science,
and the Australian School of Business. The Co-op program offers industry funded
scholarships to students and includes internships with the sponsoring
companies. Students usually enter the program after an application and
interview while in their final year of high school.
=University rankings=The Times Higher Education World
University Rankings 2015–2016 placed UNSW 82th in the world and 5th in
Australia. Previously in 2012-2013, UNSW was placed 85th in the world and 5th in
Australia. The QS World University Rankings 2015
placed UNSW 46th in the world and equal 4th in Australia. It was also awarded
the QS 5 Star Plus badge for excellence, having received a five-star rating in
all eight categories scoring over 900 points.
The 2015 QS World University Rankings ranked UNSW to be 12th in the world for
Accounting and Finance, 15th for Law, and 21st for Social Sciences and
Management. The Shanghai Jiaotong University’s
Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 rankings placed UNSW in the 101–150
bracket globally and equal 6th in Australia.
The Good Universities Guide 2014 scored UNSW 5-star ratings across 10
categories, more than any other Australian university. Monash University
ranked second with seven 5-stars, followed by ANU, Melbourne University
and the University of Western Australia with six each.
UNSW has produced more millionaires than any other Australian university and
ranked 33rd in the world according to the Spear’s Wealth Management Survey
UNSW graduates hold more chief executive positions of S&P/ASX 200 listed
companies than those of any other university in Australia,
Engineers Australia ranked UNSW as having the highest number of graduates
in “Australia’s Top 100 Influential Engineers 2013” list at 23%, followed by
Monash University at 8%, the University of Western Australia, Sydney University
and The University of Queensland at 7%. UNSW reported the highest median ATAR
for the incoming 2012 and 2013 cohort and the 2nd highest average ATAR cutoff,
as well as the highest number of Top 500 HSC Students.
Australian Government survey data of university graduates have indicated in
the past that students who enter the Group of Eight come from higher income
families, and that graduates largely have higher paid occupations or
positions of influence.=Study abroad=
UNSW has maintained an extensive partnership with universities abroad.
UNSW sends approximately 400 students to partner institutions each semester. Some
of the universities that UNSW students are able to attend are: Princeton
University, McGill University, University of Pennsylvania, Duke
University, Johns Hopkins University, Brown University, Columbia University,
University of California Berkeley, University of California Santa Cruz,
UCLA, University of Michigan, New York University, Cornell University,
University of Texas at Austin, University College Maastricht,
University College London, Imperial College London, London School of
Economics and ETH Zurich. Governance
The University is governed by Council of 15 members including parliamentary and
ex-officio members, members elected by staff, students and graduates of the
University, and members appointed by the Minister for Education or by Council
itself. It is responsible for acting on the University’s behalf to promote its
objectives and interests. The governance of universities has come under
increasing scrutiny nationally in recent years [example?], and UNSW and its
Council are committed to meeting this scrutiny by demonstrating the highest
standards [evidence?]. The principal academic body is the
Academic Board which receives advice on academic matters from the Faculties,
College, and the Boards of Studies. It is responsible for academic policy
setting, academic strategy via its eight standing committees, approval and
delivery of programs, and academic standards. The Board comprises 56
members, including the Vice-Chancellor, members of the Executive Team, Deans and
Faculty Presiding Members, 24 members elected from the academic staff and four
from the student body. Membership also includes ‘such other persons’ approved
by Council. The Academic Board advises the Vice-Chancellor and Council on
matters relating to teaching, scholarship and research and takes
decisions on delegation from Council. Its purpose is to make academic policy;
approve courses and programs; further and co-ordinate the work of the
Faculties and other academic units; and support teaching, scholarship and
research. The chief executive officer of the
University is the Vice-Chancellor and President. The Deputy Vice-Chancellors
and Pro-Vice-Chancellors are responsible for academic operations, research
policy, research management, quality assurance and external relations
including sponsorship. The Chancellor is usually an eminent member of society..
The Faculties and boards are responsible for the teaching and examining of
subjects within their scope and the Academic Board co-ordinates and furthers
their work. Faculties
The University has nine faculties:=Other=
The University has an association with the National Institute of Dramatic Art.
Campus The main UNSW campus is situated in
Kensington, Sydney. Two of the University’s faculties are situated
elsewhere. The College of Fine Arts, is located in the inner suburb of
Paddington. UNSW Canberra at ADFA is situated in Canberra.
The University also has additional campuses and field stations at Randwick,
Coogee, Botany, Dee Why, Cowan, Manly Vale, Fowlers Gap and Bankstown Airport.
The main UNSW campus is divided geographically into two areas: upper
campus and lower campus. The site of the lower campus was vested in the
university in two lots in December 1952 and June 1954, while the upper campus
was vested in the university in November 1959. These two are separated mainly by
an elevation rise between the quadrangle and the Scientia building. It takes
roughly fifteen minutes to walk from one extreme to the other.
=Accommodation=The University has a number of
residential colleges, including: Philip Baxter College, Basser College,
Goldstein College, Fig Tree Hall, Colombo House, UNSW Hall, New College,
Warrane College, International House, Shalom College and Creston College.
In 2014, a staged re-development of UNSW’s on-campus accommodation portfolio
will conclude. The re-development has included a complete rebuild of two of
the three existing Kengsington Colleges; Basser and Goldstein, as well as the
addition of the three brand new colleges; Fig Tree Hall, Colombo House
and UNSW Hall. The development has also included a re-refurbishment of the
historic Goldstein Dining Hall and the construction of the University Terraces,
a new on-campus apartment complex which opened in 2013.
=Venues=There are a number of theatre and music
venues at the University, many of which are available for hire to the general
public.=Facilities=
UNSW Lowy Cancer Research Centre is a facility at The University of New South
Wales. It is Australia’s first facility bringing together researchers in
childhood and adult cancers, and one of the country’s largest cancer research
facilities, housing up to 400 researchers.
The Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre is a high-grade centre for the Faculties of
Science, Medicine and Engineering. It is used to study the structure and
composition of biological, chemical and physical materials.
The UNSW Fitness and Aquatic Centre provides health and fitness facilities
and services to both students and the general public.
The L5 Building houses NICTA, the UNSW Foundation Studies Program, and the UNSW
Institute of Languages. The University also has a website and
Facebook page, which in 2015 displayed very inappropriate pictures.
Student projects Students of the University are involved
in a number of projects, including: Sunswift Solar Racing Team, who hold the
FIA world record for the fastest electric car over a 500 kilometres
distance and in 2015 are creating Australia’s first road legal Solar car
to adhere to Australian Design Rules. rUNSWift, the University’s team in the
international RoboCup Standard Platform League competition, is the most
successful team in the world with wins in 2000, 2001, 2003 and 2014 as well as
coming second in 1999, 2002, 2006 and 2010.
BLUEsat Satellite UNSW Redback Racing UNSW’s entrant into
the SAE-Australasia Formula SAE-A Competition
The MAVSTAR project to develop a team of cooperative micro aerial and unmanned
ground vehicles. The Developing Country Project Second
year thesis students doing Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering are
able to get involved. The project aims to assist villagers in developing
countries to gain access to electricity to satisfy their energy needs in a clean
and sustainable manner. iGEM a worldwide synthetic biology
competition. BABS UNSW entered their first team in 2015.
Student organisations In 2007, the three previous student
organisations, the UNSW Student Guild, UNSW Union and COFA Students’
Association were wound up and reformed as a new student organisation known as
the Arc @ UNSW. This new student organisation is a major service provider
on campus, running a number of retail outlets, student media such as Tharunka
and the entertainment venue, the Roundhouse. The Arc Student
Representative Council represents students to the university and
nationally and fights for their rights. Arc also provides support and funding to
university clubs and societies and runs student volunteer programs such as
Orientation Week. In 2007, the University of New South
Wales Sports Association and UNSW Lifestyle Centre merged to become UNSW
Sport and Recreation. It runs the UNSW Fitness and Aquatic Centre, provides
health and fitness facilities and services and supports the thirty UNSW
affiliated sporting clubs that compete both at home and abroad.
High school and primary school competitions and resources
UNSW engages with primary and secondary education, administering several
national and international academic competitions for school age children.
These include, among others: The Australian Schools Science
Competition International Competitions and
Assessments for Schools is conducted by Educational Assessment Australia, UNSW
Global Pty Limited. UNSW Global is a not-for-profit provider of education,
training and consulting services and a wholly owned enterprise of the
University of New South Wales. It provides exams for students in
Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia[1], South Africa,
Indonesia, Hong Kong, India and the Pacific region. It caters to students
from year 3 through year 12, examining skills in English, mathematics, science,
computers, writing and spelling. International Competitions and
Assessments for Schools-Mathematics International Competitions and
Assessments for Schools. From 2003-05, ICAS-Mathematics was called Australasian
Schools Mathematics Assessment. Prior to 2003, it was known as the Primary
Schools Mathematics Competition and was targeted at primary schools.
The UNSW COMPUTING ProgComp Since 1997, The School of Computer
Science and Engineering as run the UNSW COMPUTING ProgComp. This competition has
the overall aim of raising awareness amongst high school students of the
craft of programming and to encourage students to develop and apply their
computing knowledge and skills. The UNSW COMPUTING John Lions Award for
Contribution to Open Software Established in 2011, the John Lions
Award for Contribution to Open Software is open to high school and undergraduate
university students enrolled in an Australian secondary or tertiary
institution. Full-time and part-time students are eligible, as well as local
and internationals students. The annual prize is valued at $1,000.
The UNSW COMPUTING Robotics Workshops UNSW School of Computer Science and
Engineering has developed specialised robotic workshops for school students.
They focus on the use of the Lego NXT technology combined with the popular
RoboCup Junior competition for schools. UNSW COMPUTING is also a National and
NSW State sponsor of RoboCup Junior. Notable people
=Chancellors=Wallace Wurth
The Hon. Sir John Clancy Sir Robert Webster
The Hon. Gordon Samuels The Hon. Sir Anthony Mason
Dr. John Yu David Gonski
=Vice-Chancellors=Arthur Denning 1949–1952
Sir Philip Baxter 1953–1969 Sir Rupert Myers 1969–1981
L. Michael Birt 1981–1992 John Niland 1992–2002
Wyatt “Rory” Hume 2002–2004 Mark Wainwright 2004–2006
Fred Hilmer 2006–2015 Ian Jacobs 2015–Current
=Rectors=UNSW Canberra is a campus of the
University of New South Wales and is located at the Australian Defence Force
Academy. Since 1967 the university has been providing tertiary education to
officers in the Australian Defence Force through the Royal Military College,
Duntroon. In 1986 the Australian Defence Force Academy, a tri-service military
training institution was established. The academy is run jointly between the
Commandant, who represents the Australian Defence Force side, and the
Rector, who represents the University of New South Wales.
Past Deans Past and present Rectors
Past and present Deputy Rectors Notable Previous Professors
=Alumni=See full list at List of University of
New South Wales alumni References
Further reading Willis, A.H.. The University of New
South Wales: The Baxter Years. ISBN 0-86840-057-2.
External links University of New South Wales