University of Maryland | Wikipedia audio article

University of Maryland | Wikipedia audio article

October 11, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly
referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research
university in College Park, Maryland, United States. Founded in 1856, UMD is the flagship
institution of the University System of Maryland, and is the largest university in both the
state and the Washington metropolitan area, with more than 41,000 students representing
all fifty states and 123 countries, and a global alumni network of over 360,000. Its
twelve schools and colleges together offer over 200 degree-granting programs, including
92 undergraduate majors, 107 master’s programs, and 83 doctoral programs. UMD is a member
of the Association of American Universities and competes in intercollegiate athletics
as a member of the Big Ten Conference. The University of Maryland’s proximity to
the nation’s capital has resulted in many research partnerships with the federal government;
faculty receive research funding and institutional support from agencies such as the National
Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National
Institute of Standards and Technology, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Department
of Homeland Security. It is classified as a first tier research university by the Carnegie
Foundation, and is labeled a “Public Ivy”, denoting a quality of education comparable
to the private Ivy League. UMD is consistently ranked among the top 100 universities both
nationally and globally by several indices.In 2016, the University of Maryland, College
Park and the University of Maryland, Baltimore formalized their strategic partnership after
their collaboration successfully created more innovative medical, scientific, and educational
programs, as well as greater research grants and joint faculty appointments than either
campus has been able to accomplish on its own. As of 2017, the operating budget of the
University of Maryland is approximately $2.1 billion. For the 2018 fiscal year, the university
received a total of over $545 million in external research funding. In October 2017, the university
received a record-breaking donation of $219.5 million from the A. James & Alice B. Clark
Foundation, ranking among the largest philanthropic gifts to a public university in the country.==History=====
Early history===On March 6, 1856, the forerunner of today’s
University of Maryland was chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College. Two years later,
Charles Benedict Calvert (1808–1864), a future U.S. Representative (Congressman) from
the sixth congressional district of Maryland, 1861-1863, during the American Civil War and
descendant of the first Lord Baltimores, colonial proprietors of the Province of Maryland in
1634, purchased 420 acres (1.7 km2) of the Riversdale Mansion estate nearby today’s College
Park, Maryland. Later that year, Calvert founded the school and was the acting president from
1859 to 1860. On October 5, 1859, the first 34 students entered the Maryland Agricultural
College. The school became a land grant college in February 1864.===Bankruptcy and revival===During the Civil War, Confederate soldiers
under Brigadier General Bradley Tyler Johnson moved past the college on July 12, 1864 as
part of Jubal Early’s raid on Washington, D.C. By the end of the war, financial problems
forced the administrators to sell off 200 acres (81 ha) of land, and the continuing
decline in enrollment sent the Maryland Agricultural College into bankruptcy. For the next two
years the campus was used as a boys preparatory school. Following the Civil War, in February
1866 the Maryland legislature assumed half ownership of the school. The college thus
became in part a state institution. By October 1867, the school reopened with 11 students.
In the next six years, enrollment grew and the school’s debt was paid off. In 1873, Samuel
Jones, a former Confederate Major General, became president of the college.
Twenty years later, the federally funded Agricultural Experiment Station was established there.
During the same period, state laws granted the college regulatory powers in several areas—including
controlling farm disease, inspecting feed, establishing a state weather bureau and geological
survey, and housing the board of forestry. Morrill Hall (the oldest instructional building
still in use on campus) was built the following year.===The Great Fire of 1912===On November 29, 1912, a fire destroyed the
barracks where the students were housed, all the school’s records, and most of the academic
buildings, leaving only Morrill Hall untouched. There were no injuries or fatalities, and
all but two students returned to the university and insisted on classes continuing. Students
were housed by families in neighboring towns until housing could be rebuilt, although a
new administration building was not built until the 1940s.
A large brick and concrete compass inlaid in the ground designates the former center
of campus as it existed in 1912.===Modern history===The state took control of the school in 1916,
and the institution was renamed Maryland State College. That year, the first female students
enrolled at the school. On April 9, 1920, the college became part of the existing University
of Maryland, replacing St. John’s College, Annapolis as the University’s undergraduate
campus. In the same year, the graduate school on the College Park campus awarded its first
PhD degrees and the university’s enrollment reached 500 students. In 1925 the university
was accredited by the Association of American Universities.By the time the first black students
enrolled at the university in 1951, enrollment had grown to nearly 10,000 students—4,000
of whom were women. Prior to 1951, many black students in Maryland were enrolled at the
University of Maryland, Eastern Shore.In 1957, President Wilson H. Elkins made a push to
increase academic standards at the university. His efforts resulted in the creation of one
of the first Academic Probation Plans. The first year the plan went into effect, 1,550
students (18% of the total student body) faced expulsion.
On October 19, 1957, Queen Elizabeth II of England attended her first and only college
football game at the University of Maryland after expressing interest in seeing a typical
American sport during her first tour of the United States. The Maryland Terrapins beat
the North Carolina Tar Heels 21 to 7 in the historical game now referred to as “The Queen’s
Game”. Phi Beta Kappa established a chapter at the
university in 1964. In 1969, the university was elected to the Association of American
Universities. The school continued to grow, and by the fall of 1985 reached an enrollment
of 38,679. Like many colleges during the Vietnam War, the university was the site of student
protests and had curfews enforced by the National Guard.In a massive 1988 restructuring of the
state’s higher education system, the school was designated as the flagship campus of the
newly formed University of Maryland System (later changed to the University System of
Maryland in 1997), and was formally named the University of Maryland, College Park.
All of the five campuses in the former network were designated as distinct campuses in the
new system. However, in 1997 the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation allowing
the University of Maryland, College Park, to be known simply as the University of Maryland,
recognizing the campus’ role as the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.The
other University System of Maryland institutions with the name “University of Maryland” are
not satellite campuses of the University of Maryland, College Park. The University of
Maryland, Baltimore, is the only other school permitted to confer certain degrees from the
“University of Maryland”.===21st century===
In 2004, the university began constructing the 150-acre (61 ha) “M Square Research Park,”
which includes facilities affiliated with the U.S. Department of Defense, Food and Drug
Administration, and the new National Center for Weather and Climate Prediction, affiliated
with The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In May 2010, ground
was broken on a new $128-million, 158,068-square-foot (14,685.0 m2) Physical Science Complex, including
an advanced quantum science laboratory.Wallace Loh became president of the university in
2010.The university’s “Great Expectations” campaign from 2006 to 2012 exceeded $1 billion
in private donations.The university suffered multiple data breaches in 2014. The first
resulted in the loss of over 300,000 student and faculty records. A second data breach
occurred several months later. The second breach was investigated by the FBI and Secret
Service and found to be done by David Helkowski. Despite the attribution, no charges were filed.
As a result of the data breaches, the university offered free credit protection for five years
to the students and faculty affected.In 2012, the University of Maryland, College Park and
the University of Maryland, Baltimore united under the MPowering the State initiative to
leverage the strengths of both institutions. The University of Maryland Strategic Partnership
Act of 2016 officially formalized this partnership.The University of Maryland’s University District
Plan, developed in 2011 under President Wallace Loh and the College Park City Council, seeks
to make the City of College Park a top 20 college town by 2020 by improving housing
and development, transportation, public safety, local pre-K–12 education, and supporting
sustainability projects. As of 2018, the university is involved with over 30 projects and 1.5
million square feet of development as part of its Greater College Park Initiative, worth
over $1 billion in public-private investments. The university’s vision is to revitalize the
campus to foster a dynamic and innovative academic environment, as well as to collaborate
with the surrounding neighborhoods and local government to create a vibrant downtown community
for students and faculty alike.==Academics=====Profile===
The University of Maryland offers 127 undergraduate degrees and 112 graduate degrees in thirteen
colleges and schools: Undergraduate education is centered on both
a student’s chosen academic program and the selection of core coursework to fulfill general
education requirements.===Programs===The university hosts “living-learning” programs
which allow students with similar academic interests to live in the same residential
community, take specialized courses, and perform research in those areas of expertise. An example
is the Honors College, which is geared towards undergraduate students meeting high academic
requirements and consists of several of the university’s honors programs. The Honors College
welcomes students into a community of faculty and undergraduates. The Honors College offers
seven living and learning programs: Advanced Cybersecurity Experience for Students, Design
Cultures and Creativity, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Honors Humanities, Gemstone,
Integrated Life Sciences, and University Honors. Advanced Cybersecurity Experience for Students
(ACES), started in 2013, is directed by Michel Cukier and run by faculty and graduate students.
ACES students are housed in Prince Frederick Hall and take a 14 credit, two year curriculum
that educates future leaders in the field of cybersecurity. ACES also offers a complementary
two-year minor in cybersecurity. Design Cultures and Creativity (DCC), started
in 2009, is directed by artist Jason Farman and run by faculty and graduate students.
The DCC program encourages students to explore the relationship between emerging media, society,
and creative practices. DCC students are housed in Prince Frederick residence hall together
and take a 16 credit, two year interdisciplinary curriculum which culminates in a capstone.
Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program (EIP) is a living and learning program for Honors
College freshmen and sophomores, helping build entrepreneurial mindsets, skill sets, and
relationships for the development of solutions to today’s problems. Through learning, courses,
seminars, workshops, competitions, and volunteerism, students receive an education in entrepreneurship
and innovation. In collaboration with faculty and mentors who have launched new ventures,
all student teams develop an innovative idea and write a product plan.
Honors Humanities is the honors program for beginning undergraduates with interests in
the humanities and creative arts. The selective two-year living-learning program combines
a small liberal arts college environment with the resources of a large research university.
Gemstone is a multidisciplinary four-year research program for select undergraduate
honors students of all majors. Under guidance of faculty mentors and Gemstone staff, teams
of students design, direct and conduct research, exploring the interdependence of science and
technology with society. Integrated Life Sciences (ILS) is the honors
program for students interested in all aspects of biological research and biomedicine. The
College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences has partnered with the Honors College
to create the ILS program, which offers nationally recognized innovations in the multidisciplinary
training of life science and pre-medical students. The objective of the ILS experience is to
prepare students for success in graduate, medical, dental, or other professional schools.
University Honors (UH) is the largest living-learning program in the Honors College and allows students
the greatest independence in shaping their education. University Honors students are
placed into a close-knit community of the university’s faculty and other undergraduates,
committed to acquiring a broad and balanced education. Students choose from over 130 seminars
exploring interdisciplinary topics in three broad areas: Contemporary Issues and Challenges,
Arts and Sciences in Today’s World, and Using the World as a Classroom.
The College Park Scholars programs are two-year living-learning programs for first- and second-year
students. Students are selected to enroll in one of 12 thematic programs: Arts; Business,
Society, and the Economy; Environment, Technology, and Economy; Global Public Health; International
Studies; Life Sciences; Media, Self, and Society; Public Leadership; Science and Global Change;
Science, Discovery, and the Universe; Science, Technology, and Society. Students live in
dormitories located in the Cambridge Community on North Campus.
The nation’s first living-learning entrepreneurship program, Hinman CEOs, is geared toward students
who are interested in starting their own business. Students from all academic disciplines live
together and are provided the resources to explore business ventures.
The QUEST (Quality Enhancement Systems and Teams) Honors Fellows Program engages undergraduate
students from business, engineering, and computer, mathematical, and physical sciences. QUEST
Students participate in courses focused on cross-functional collaboration, innovation,
quality management, and teamwork. The Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering (CEE)
has also been long considered an outstanding engineering division of the university since
its inception in 1908.Other living-learning programs include: CIVICUS, a two-year program
in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences based on the five principles of civil society;
Global Communities, a program that immerses students in a diverse culture (students from
all over the world live in a community), and the Language House, which allows students
pursuing language courses to live and practice with other students learning the same language.===Faculty===The university’s faculty has included four
Nobel Prize laureates. The earliest recipient, Juan Ramón Jiménez, was a professor of Spanish
language and literature and won the 1956 prize for literature. Four decades later, physics
professor William Daniel Phillips won the prize in physics for his contributions to
laser cooling, a technique to slow the movement of gaseous atoms in 1997. In 2005, professor
emeritus of economics and public policy Thomas Schelling was awarded the prize in economics
for his contributions to game theory. In 2006, adjunct professor of physics and senior astrophysicist
at NASA John C. Mather was awarded the prize in physics alongside George Smoot for their
work in the discovery of blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background
radiation. In addition, two University of Maryland alumni are Nobel Prize laureates;
Herbert Hauptman won the 1985 prize in chemistry and Raymond Davis Jr. won the 2002 prize in
physics. The university has many notable academics.
Professor of mathematics Sergei Novikov won the Fields Medal in 1970 followed by alumnus
Charles Fefferman in 1978. Alumnus George Dantzig won the 1975 National Medal of Science
for his work in the field of linear programming. Professor of physics Michael Fisher won the
Wolf Prize in 1980 (together with Kenneth G. Wilson and Leo Kadanoff) and the IUPAP
Boltzmann Medal in 1983. James A. Yorke, a Distinguished University Professor of Mathematics
and Physics and chair of the Mathematics Department won the 2003 Japan Prize for his work in chaotic
systems. In 2013, professor of Physics Sylvester James Gates was awarded the National Medal
of Science.===Research===
On October 14, 2004, the university added 150 acres (61 ha) in an attempt to create
the largest research park inside the Washington, D.C., Capital Beltway, known as “M Square.” The University of Maryland’s location near
Washington, D.C. has created strong research partnerships with government agencies. Many
of the faculty members have funding from federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation,
the National Institutes of Health,NASA, the Department of Homeland Security, the National
Institute of Standards and Technology, and the National Security Agency. These relationships
have created numerous research opportunities for the university including: taking the lead in the nationwide research
initiative into the transmission and prevention of human and avian influenza.
creating a new research center to study the behavioral and social foundations of terrorism
with funding from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
launching the joint NASA-University of Maryland Deep Impact spacecraft in early January 2005.
The University of Maryland Libraries provide access to scholarly information resources
required to meet the missions of the university. The University of Maryland is an international
center for the study of language, hosting the largest community of language scientists
in North America, including more than 200 faculty, researchers, and graduate students,
who collectively comprise the Maryland Language Science Center under the leadership of Professor
Colin Phillips. Since 2008 the university has hosted an NSF-IGERT interdisciplinary
graduate training program that has served as a catalyst for broader integrative efforts
in language science, with 50 participating students and contributions from 50 faculty.
The University of Maryland is also home to two key ‘migrator’ centers that connect basic
research to critical national needs in education and national security: the Center for Advanced
Study of Language (CASL) and the National Foreign Language Center (NFLC).
The Center for American Politics and Citizenship provides citizens and policy-makers with research
on issues related to the United States’ political institutions, processes, and policies. CAPC
is a non-partisan, non-profit research institution within the Department of Government and Politics
in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences. The Space Systems Laboratory researches human-robotic
interaction for astronautics applications, and includes the only neutral buoyancy facility
at a university. The Joint Quantum Institute conducts theoretical
and experimental research on quantum and atomic physics. The institute was founded in 2006
as a collaboration between the University of Maryland and the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST).The Center for Technology and Systems Management (CTSM)
aims to advance the state of technology and systems analysis for the benefit of people
and the environment. The focus is on enhancing safety, efficiency and effectiveness by performing
reliability, risk, uncertainty or decision analysis studies.
The Joint Global Change Research Institute was formed in 2001 by the University of Maryland
and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The institute focuses on multidisciplinary
approaches of climate change research. The Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering
(CALCE) was formed in 1985 at the University of Maryland. CALCE is dedicated to providing
a knowledge and resource base to support the development of electronic components, products
and systems. The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism
and Responses to Terrorism (START) launched in 2005 as one of the Centers of Excellence
supported by the Department of Homeland Security in the United States. START is focused on
the scientific study of the causes and consequences of terrorism in the United States and around
the world.===Admissions===
Admission to Maryland is rated “more selective” by U.S. News & World Report. The university
received 28,301 applications for the Class of 2019 (entering Fall 2015) and admitted
12,637 (44.7%) of applicants; but only 3,937 enrolled, an admissions yield of only 31%.
For the Class of 2019, the middle 50% range of SAT scores of the enrolling freshmen was
590–690 for critical reading and 620–730 for math; the average high school grade point
average (GPA) was 4.22. Beginning with the 2017-18 admissions cycle, the University of
Maryland uses the application provided by The Coalition for Access, Affordability, and
Success, joining over 130 top public and private universities using the platform to streamline
the college application process. Starting in August 2018, the University of Maryland
will waive the college application fee for U.S. military veterans and current service
members applying for the 2019-2020 academic year. According to The Washington Post in
2017, the University of Maryland in 2016 was more selective than in recent decades as the
general increase in public school applications had helped Maryland then rise in apparent
prestige, at the time appearing to be the ninth most selective public flagship university
in the nation. Of course, this selectivity prestige was based on number of applicants
versus those accepted, but not the quality of applicants.===Rankings===
The university is ranked as tied for 64th in the 2020 U.S. News and World Report rankings
of “National Universities” across the United States, and it is ranked tied for 24th nationally
among public universities. In 2015, Business Insider ranked the University of Maryland
#9 in their list of “Smartest Public Colleges in America” for the second year in a row.The
Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked Maryland as 43rd in the world in 2015. The
2017–2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Maryland 69th in the world.
The 2016/17 QS World University Rankings ranked Maryland 131st in the world.
The university is ranked among Peace Corps’ 25 Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges for the
seventh consecutive year in 2018. The University of Maryland is ranked among Teach for America’s
Top 20 Colleges and Universities contributing the greatest number of graduating seniors
to its 2017 teaching corps. Kiplinger’s Personal Finance 100 Best Values in Public Colleges
2015 ranked the University 9th for in-state students.For the fourth consecutive year in
2015, the university is ranked 1st in the U.S. for the number of Boren Scholarship recipients
– with 9 students receiving awards for intensive international language study. The university
is ranked as a Top Producing Institution of Fulbright U.S. Students and Scholars for the
2017-2018 academic year by the United States Department of State’s Bureau of Educational
and Cultural Affairs.In 2016, University of Maryland ranked in the Top 50 Online Colleges
with the Highest Student Satisfaction by OnlineCollegePlan.com.In 2017, the University of Maryland was ranked
among the top 50 universities in the 2018 Best Global Universities Rankings by U.S.
News & World Report based on its high academic research performance and global reputation.For
the third consecutive year in 2018, the University of Maryland is ranked among the top 10 universities
in The Princeton Review’s annual survey of the Top Schools for Innovation & Entrepreneurship.==Campus=====Description===
The campus of the university is noted for its red-brick Georgian buildings and its large
central lawn, named McKeldin Mall and nicknamed “The Mall”, which is the largest academic
mall in the United States. White columns decorate many buildings, with around 770 columns existing
on campus. Spanning the university’s 1,250 acres (5.1 km2) are 7,500 documented trees
and garden plantings, leading the American Public Gardens Association to designate the
campus the University of Maryland Arboretum & Botanical Garden in 2008. The designation
has allowed the university to showcase species and gardens, including native plantings. There
are arboretum tours, such as the centralized Tree Walking Tour which is based around McKeldin
Mall and features 56 specimen trees. Additionally, there are nearly 400 acres (1.6
km2) of urban forest located on campus and the National Arbor Day Foundation has named
the university to its ‘Tree Campus USA’ list. The recreational Paint Branch Trail, part
of the Anacostia Tributary Trails system, cuts through campus, as does the Paint Branch
stream, a tributary of the Northeast Branch Anacostia River.McKeldin Mall serves as the
center of campus. On the east and west ends of McKeldin Mall lie the Main Administration
Building and McKeldin Library. Academic buildings surround McKeldin Mall on the north and south
ends, and are the homes to many departments in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences,
College of Arts and Humanities, and the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. West
of McKeldin Mall is the North Hill Community, and south of McKeldin Mall lies Morrill Hall
and the Morrill Quad, which was the original center of campus. South of the Morrill Quad
are the South Hill and South Campus Commons Communities, and to the southwest is the Southwest
Mall and the Robert H. Smith School of Business. Running parallel to McKeldin Mall to the north
is Campus Drive, the main thoroughfare through campus.
The Adele H. Stamp Student Union sits along Campus Drive near the center of campus, and
serves as a transit center for campus, where Shuttle-UM (the university’s bus service)
and municipal buses pick up and drop off passengers. Hornbake Plaza home to Hornbake Library and
several buildings housing academic departments also lies on Campus Drive, east of Stamp.
Stamp serves as a center which includes a food court, bowling alley, book store, and
space for major events such as freshman orientation or career fairs. Outside of the Stamp Student Union on Campus
Drive is the Jim Henson Statue and Memorial Garden, in honor of the late Jim Henson, a
Maryland alumnus. A likeness of Henson is seated on a park bench, facing arguably his
most famous creation, Kermit the Frog. To the north and northwest of Stamp and Hornbake
Plaza are the North Campus communities, Maryland Stadium, the Eppley Recreation Center (the
main gym on campus), the XFINITY Center, and the Wooded Hillock, a 22-acre (8.9 ha) forest
located next to the XFINITY Center; Stadium Drive runs between the more southern Maryland
Stadium and the rest of these. The Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center sits to the west
of Maryland Stadium. Another thoroughfare, Regents Drive, runs
perpendicular to McKeldin Mall and is home to the Memorial Chapel and the Campus Farms.
Regents Drive crosses Campus Drive at the campus hallmark “M” Circle, which is a traffic
circle with a large “M” formed by flowers in its center. The northeast quadrant of campus,
formed by Campus and Regent Drives, is home to many of natural sciences and applied sciences
departments. The university is also divided by U.S. Route
1, known locally as “Baltimore Avenue.” While most of campus lies to the west of Baltimore
Avenue, fixtures such as fraternity row and the Leonardtown Communities lie to the east.
Sitting on the western edge of Baltimore Avenue are the Visitors’ Center, also known as The
Dairy, The Reckord Armory, and The Rossborough Inn, which, built during the years of 1798
to 1812, is the oldest building on campus (and is older than the university itself).
There are five regularly used entrances to campus; the main entrance, off of Baltimore
Avenue and onto Campus Drive, is referred to as North Gate and features the Gatehouse,
an ornate gateway honoring the university’s founders. The 140-acre (57 ha), 18-hole University
of Maryland Golf Course sits at the northern edge of campus, as does the Observatory. The
campus is also home to one of the root servers, responsible for operating DNS.===Sustainability===The four-person Office of Sustainability was
created in summer 2007 after University President Dan Mote became charter signatory of the American
College and Universities Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC) with the goal of campus
climate neutrality. The Climate Action Plan Work Group completed an inventory of campus
emissions from 2002 to 2007, and finalized a Climate Action Plan in August 2009. According
to the university’s Climate Action Plan, Maryland aims to become carbon neutral by 2050. All
new constructions and major renovations must satisfy LEED-Silver certification requirements.
The office has promoted several initiatives, including an increase in the campus recycling
rate from 17% in 2003 to 89% in 2014. In 2008, the recycling rate rose from 37% to a 54%
due in part to the “Feed the Turtle” program for home football games. Although recycling
rates have increased across campus, not every bin is able to be recycled due to high contamination
rates on some parts of campus. For example, as of 2017, the Stamp Student Union had 54%
contamination rates in their recycling bins, which means that over half of the waste in
the recycling bins at Stamp had to be thrown into the trash. Power Shift, a national youth
climate activism summit, was held at the University of Maryland in November 2007 with 6,000 individuals
in attendance.The university’s first Leed Gold building, Knight Hall, opened in April
2010 as the new home for the Philip Merrill College of Journalism. The university added
solar panels in the spring of 2010 to the roof of “The Diner” dining hall in North Campus,
and plans to add solar panels to the roof of Cole Field House, as well as additional
campus buildings. The university’s announced 158,068-square-foot (14,685.0 m2) state-of-the-art
Physical Sciences Complex (set to be completed in July 2013) will meet LEED-Silver certification
requirements.In 2008, the Office of Sustainability started the Sustainability Advisors program,
in which teachers invite a peer educator to give a lecture covering sustainability concepts.The
Office of Sustainability began an initiative called “The Chesapeake Project” in 2009, in
which professors integrate sustainability education into pre-existing classes across
every discipline. Participating professors attend a two-day workshop in late May to learn
about environmental, economic, and social sustainability. All participants receive a
$500 stipend. By the end of summer, workshop participants submit a revised course plan
for at least one course offered the following academic year. Since the inaugural workshop
in 2009, 71 professors have participated in the program, implementing sustainability education
into over 80 courses across all 12 colleges at the school.Starting in 2010, the University
System of Maryland and the Department of General Services began three projects that were to
be continued for the next twenty years. The three projects included: a solar project in
Mount St. Mary’s University, a wind project in Western Maryland, and another wind project
in West Virginia. The first of these projects, the solar project, is a 16 megawatt project.
The first wind project is 10 megawatts, and the second is 55 megawatts.
The projects will allow the university to receive 15 percent of their purchased energy
from these renewable energy resources. Also in 2010, Ellicott Dining Hall installed solar
panels which would provide up to 30 percent of the energy for heating its water. The university
installed 20 panels with three solar storage tanks, pumps, temperature sensors, and controls.
The system will increasingly provide more of the dining hall’s water needs.In 2011,
Maryland’s team won the Solar Decathlon, a competition put on by the U.S. Department
of Energy. The team designed and built a solar-powered home with a split butterfly roof in a project
called “WaterShed.” The house was “inspired and guided by the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem,
interconnecting the house with its landscape, and leading its dwellers toward a more sustainable
lifestyle.” Over 200 students contributed to the project. Maryland’s design beat out
submissions from 20 other universities from all over the world, including China, New Zealand,
Belgium, and Canada.In the 2017 Solar Decathlon, the University of Maryland’s team won 1st
place in the U.S. and 2nd place in the world. The 100% solar powered house, named “resilient
Adaptive Climate Technology” (reACT), was largely inspired by the environmentally conscious
traditions of the Nanticoke people and other local Native American tribes in Maryland,
such as water reuse, home gardening, and composting.Maryland also promotes the use of reusable to-go containers
at the dining hall, or OZZI containers, since the official launching of the program in August
2011. Students pay a $5 fee to initially use the container, but receive a coin when they
return it to the dispenser. With the coin, the use of the container is cost-free.
In January 2011, Maryland installed occupancy sensors in nearly all of the 300 general-purpose
classrooms. These occupancy sensors automatically turn off the lights after 30 minutes if there
is no motion in a room. The project is estimated to cut energy consumption by 30 percent and
save the university $100,000 annually.In 2012, the University Sustainability fund granted
$130,000 to projects that promote sustainability. The money was generated from an $8 mandatory
sustainability fee, a fee that will increase to $12 by 2014. Mark Stewart, Project Manager
at the Office of Sustainability, expects the fund to grow to $300,000 by 2013.On May 2,
2012 the Wellness Coalition hosted its first Farmers Market at Maryland, a weekly tradition
that supplies produce from farms in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Its first day
saw over 1,000 visitors.In October 2013 the University’s College of Behavioral and Social
Sciences (BSOS) became the university’s first college to form their own Sustainability Task
Force. In April 2014 the Task Force produced BSOS’s Sustainability Plan to advance campus
sustainability and complement the University’s Climate Action Plan to help the university
become a national model of a green university. It is the first plan of its kind at the college
level at the university, and was designed to serve as a guide for other colleges to
join BSOS in this effort to improve the sustainability of the campus and community as a whole. In
September 2014 the BSOS Sustainability Task Force expanded to include a student Sustainability
Task Force. The student Task Force is an interdisciplinary team focused on addressing sustainability
problems on campus.In August 2015, compost bins were placed in two residence halls, and,
after a successful year, were placed in nine other residence halls in August 2016. As of
2017, the University of Maryland increased its compost collection by nearly 450% since
2010. While efforts have been made to add composting collection sites on campus in academic
buildings and residence halls, many have been removed due to high contamination rates. Some
Greek life houses as well as some on-campus apartment buildings used to have composting,
but in 2017 and 2018 many of them had to be removed since they were causing more harm
than good.==Student life=====
Residential life===There are two main residential areas on campus,
North Campus and South Campus, which are further divided into seven residential communities.
North Campus is made up of Cambridge Community (which consists of five residence halls),
Denton Community (which currently consists of four halls, including Oakland hall which
opened in the fall semester of 2011), and Ellicott Community (consisting of three halls).
South Campus includes the North Hill Community, made up of nine Georgian-style halls and Prince
Frederick hall (which opened in the fall semester of 2014) located immediately west of McKeldin
Mall, South Hill Community, made up of fourteen small residence halls for upperclassmen, Leonardtown
Community, which offers apartment-style living and is further divided into Old Leonardtown
(consisting of six buildings) and New Leonardtown (also consisting of six buildings), the South
Campus Commons Community, which consists of seven apartment-style buildings (the seventh
and most recent building being opened in January 2010), and the Courtyards, a garden style
apartment community in north campus consisting of seven buildings.
The South Campus Commons Community and Courtyards, while built on campus, are managed by a private
company, Capstone On-Campus Management, as part of a public-private partnership between
the company and the University of Maryland. The university does not have family housing.
As of 2011, some students with families have advocated for the addition of family housing.Residential
life is overseen by the Department of Resident Life, which consists of a staff members and
departments. For instance, resident assistants, who are full-time undergraduates facilitating
the student interaction and development of floors within their assigned floor, building,
or community, are supervised by resident directors. The Department of Resident Life offers its
residents and other students many programs, including the Math Success Program, Academic
Success Program, Common Ground Dialogue Program, and many Living and Learning programs.===Dining===
There are three dining halls on campus: the North Campus Dining Hall (“The Diner”) is
located between the Ellicott Community, the South Campus Dining Hall is located near the
South Hill and South Campus Commons communities, and the 251 North Dining Hall is located in
the Denton Community. As of the fall of 2016, the University of Maryland Dining Services
changed their dining plan from a pay a la carte to an all-you-can-eat style dining experience.
A food court in the Stamp Student Union provides a plethora of dining options for the university
community. The Maryland Food Collective, popularly known as the Co-Op, is a worker-owned collective
that has been providing a wide array of vegan and vegetarian food options, along with local,
organic, and fair-trade fruits and vegetables since 1975 but then closed in 2019.===Transportation===
The university is accessible through the three airports which exist in the greater Washington
metropolitan area: Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Washington Dulles International
Airport, and Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. A small public
airport in College Park, College Park Airport, lies nearly adjacent to campus, but operations
are limited to the Washington metropolitan area. The College Park Airport is the oldest
continually operating airport in the world and the site of many significant aviation
firsts.A free shuttle service, known as Shuttle-UM, is available for UMD students, faculty, staff,
and some residents of College Park and Greenbelt. The university is served by an off-campus
stop on the Washington Metro Green Line called College Park – University of Maryland. The
station is also served by the Camden Line of the MARC Train, which runs between Baltimore
and Washington. A Shuttle-UM bus (Route 104) arrives at the station every five minutes
during fall and spring semesters (every ten minutes during the summer) to bring visitors
to campus (stopping in front of the Stamp Student Union).
Metrobus and Prince George’s County TheBus bus services also stop on campus. Beginning
in early 2012, TheBus services for Route1Ride (Route 17) were made free of charge to all
University of Maryland students and staff, providing service on Route 1 from the Washington,
D.C. border to the IKEA in College Park, with a stop at the College Park–University of
Maryland Metro station. There is an additional service called Nite Ride which is a curb-to-curb
service offered every night from 5:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. The service is designed to serve
the areas of campus that are not included on the evening service routes.
Over 21,000 parking spaces are on campus, in parking lots and garages. There are a total
of 16 electric vehicle charging stations on campus in 7 locations that are free and open
to the public, with plans to add more stations. Zipcar service is also available on campus
for all UMD students, faculty, and staff.The university has been attempting to make the
campus more bike-friendly by installing covered bike parking and bike lockers on campus, introducing
a bike-sharing program, and plans to add more bike lanes on campus. As of Spring 2011, the
university has encouraged cycling on campus by installing covered bike storage outside
of the newly built Oakland dorm as well as security lockers in the Mowatt Lane Garage.
In addition to increased storage options, the university runs the Campus Bike Shop where
students can get their bikes repaired and learn how to maintain them on their own.Under
the administration of former President C. Daniel Mote Jr., the university was the primary
source of opposition in Prince George’s County to the installation of one or more light-rail
stops on campus as a part of the proposed Maryland Transit Administration’s Purple Line
out of concern for student safety and to protect sensitive lab equipment. This sentiment was
similar to previous transit positions taken by the university in the 1980s, specifically
when the administration rejected Metro’s first proposal of having the College Park–University
of Maryland station run underground through campus connecting to Adele H. Stamp Student
Union, and strongly opposed their second proposal to put the stop right next to campus in downtown
College Park on Route 1, with the reasoning to protect student and resident safety.In
2017, former Maryland Governor and Prince George’s County Executive Parris Glendening
admitted that the decision made by the university to have the Metro station as far away from
campus as possible (1.6 miles) was a “disaster” and racially biased, largely due to administrators
and community residents saying they did not want crime or undesirable people coming to
campus on the Green Line from the poorer neighborhoods of Washington.Under President Wallace Loh’s
vision in 2011, the administration recognized the transit mistakes of the past and embraced
having the Purple Line on campus as it would drastically increase transportation access
for students and faculty, while encouraging more walkable transit-oriented developments
in downtown College Park. The Purple Line route, which is expected to be completed in
the fall of 2022, will have five stops on and around the university’s campus: M Square,
the College Park Metro station, the main entrance to the campus on Route 1, near Stamp Student
Union on Campus Drive, and on the other edge of campus on Adelphi Road.===The Diamondback===The Diamondback is the independent student
newspaper of the university. It was founded in 1910 as The Triangle and renamed in 1921
in honor of a local reptile, the Diamondback terrapin, which became the school mascot in
1933. The newspaper is published daily Monday through Friday during the spring and fall
semesters, with a print circulation of 17,000 and annual advertising revenues of over $1
million. It has four sections: News, Opinion, Sports, and Diversions.
For the 2008–2009 school year, The Diamondback earned a Mark of Excellence award from the
Society of Professional Journalists, placing second nationally for Best All-Around Daily
Student Newspaper and first in its region in the same category. Three years earlier
the newspaper had finished third place nationally for Best All-Around Daily Student Newspaper
and first in its region.Notable journalists who have been with the paper include David
Simon of HBO’s The Wire and NBC’s Homicide: Life on the Street; disgraced Jayson Blair,
who was editor-in-chief in 1996 (he did not graduate, instead taking a job with The New
York Times); Norman Chad, who was editor-in-chief in 1978; cartoonists Jeff Kinney, who created
the Diary of a Wimpy Kid fiction series and whose Igdoof strip appeared in The Diamondback;
Aaron McGruder, who first published his cartoon The Boondocks in The Diamondback; and Frank
Cho, who began his career with the popular University Squared for The Diamondback.===WMUC-FM===WMUC-FM (88.1 FM) is the university non-commercial
radio station, staffed by UMD students and volunteers. WMUC is a freeform radio station
that broadcasts at 10 watts. Its broadcasts can be heard throughout the Washington metropolitan
area. Notable WMUC alumni include Connie Chung, Bonnie Bernstein, and Aaron McGruder.===WMUC Sports===
WMUC Sports is the online sports division of WMUC-FM that provides live broadcasts for
over 10 Division I University of Maryland sports, including the Terrapin football and
basketball teams.===Greek life===Approximately 15% of men and 20% of women
in Maryland’s undergraduate student body are involved in Greek life. Many of the fraternities
and sororities at the school are located on Fraternity Row and the Graham Cracker, which
are controlled by the University. Fraternity Row is the background of several recently
produced films. All social Greek organizations are governed
by one of five groups: the Inter-Fraternity Council, the Panhellenic Association, the
Pan-Hellenic Council, the United Greek Council, or the Professional Fraternal Association.
All cultural Greek organizations are governed by the United Greek Council. These councils
assist in the creation and governance of chapter by-laws, risk management plans, and philanthropic
activities, with support from the Department of Fraternity and Sorority Life. Each year,
every Greek organization must fulfill certain requirements, including doing a service and
conducting a program/event related to community service, diversity, or alumni and faculty
outreach.==Athletics==The university sponsors varsity athletic teams
in 20 men’s and women’s sports. The teams, named the “Terrapins,” represent Maryland
in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I competition. Maryland became a
founding member of the Atlantic Coast Conference in 1952, but left to join the Big Ten Conference
on July 1, 2014. As of 2017, Maryland’s athletic teams have been awarded 44 national championships
by the NCAA, USILA, AIAW, and NCA. In 2008 and 2010, The Princeton Review named the University
of Maryland’s athletic facilities the best in the nation. The Terrapins nickname (often
shortened to “Terps”) was coined by former university president, football coach, and
athletic director H. C. “Curly” Byrd in 1932. The mascot is a diamondback terrapin named
Testudo, which is Latin for “tortoise.” Since the early 20th century, the school athletic
colors have been some combination of those on the Maryland state flag: red, white, black,
and gold.====Men’s basketball====Men’s basketball is one of the most popular
sports at the university. Long-time head coach Lefty Driesell began the now nationwide tradition
of “Midnight Madness” in 1971. Beginning in 1989, alumnus Gary Williams revived the program,
which was struggling in the wake of Len Bias’s death and NCAA rules infractions. Williams
led Maryland basketball to national prominence with two Final Four appearances, and in 2002,
a national championship. On February 7, 2006, Williams won his 349th game to surpass Driesell
and became Maryland’s all-time leader among basketball coaches. In May 2011, Williams
retired as head coach, which allowed for the entrance of the new head coach, Mark Turgeon.
The court at XFINITY Center was named in honor of the beloved coach, Gary Williams. Maryland
football is also popular at the university. The Terrapins were awarded the national championship
by the wire services in 1953, and in 1951, by several retroactive selectors.
Beyond the two “revenue sports,” the university fields 18 other varsity teams. The women’s
basketball team rose to prominence in the 2000s (decade), and head coach Brenda Frese
guided the Lady Terps to their first NCAA title in 2006.====Men’s lacrosse====Maryland men’s lacrosse remains one of the
sport’s top programs since its beginnings as a squad in 1865. The team most recently
won the national championship in 2017, breaking a 42-year drought. The team has won ten USILA
and NCAA national championships since its promotion to varsity status in 1924 and is
a regular fixture in the NCAA tournament. The women’s lacrosse team has the most national
championships of any program in the nation, including most recently in 2017.====Men’s soccer====
The men’s soccer team has won four NCAA Division I College Cup national championships, most
recently in 2018. Under the guidance of head coach Sasho Cirovski, the soccer team has
reached nine Final Fours and won three College Cups since 1997. The soccer team has developed
a large, devoted fan base among students and the local community. The attendance record
at Ludwig Field was set in 2015 when 8,449 fans saw Maryland win over top-ranked UCLA
in extra time. The annual total attendance increased dramatically from 12,710 in 1995
to 35,631 in 2008.====Field hockey====
The Maryland women’s field hockey team has won eight NCAA championships.The Mighty Sound
of Maryland marching band attends all home football games and provides pre-game performances.
During basketball season, the marching band becomes the University of Maryland Pep Band,
which provides music in the stands at men’s and women’s home games and during tournament
play.On July 1, 2012, the university cut seven varsity teams: men’s cross country, men’s
indoor track, men’s swimming and diving, men’s tennis, women’s acrobatics and tumbling, women’s
swimming and diving, and women’s water polo. The men’s outdoor track team had been scheduled
to be cut, but the team raised $888,000 of a target amount of $940,000, sufficient to
avoid elimination.==Testudo==In 1932, Curley Byrd—who served as the university’s
football and baseball coach, athletic director, and president—proposed adopting the diamondback
terrapin as a mascot. The first statue of Testudo cast in bronze was donated by the
Class of 1933 and displayed on Baltimore Avenue in front of Ritchie Coliseum. However, the
300-pound sculpture was subjected to vandalism by visiting college athletic teams. One such
incident occurred in 1947 when students from Johns Hopkins University stole the bronze
statue and moved it to their campus. Maryland students traveled to Baltimore to retrieve
it, laying siege to the house where it was hidden. Over 200 city police responded to
quell the riot. In 1949, University President Byrd was awakened by a phone call from a University
of Virginia fraternity requesting that Testudo be removed from their lawn. Testudo was later
filled with 700 pounds of cement and fastened to his pedestal to prevent future removals,
but students at rival schools continued to vandalize it. It was moved to Maryland Stadium
in 1951. In the 1960s, Testudo was moved back to a spot in front of McKeldin Library.In
1992 a duplicate statue was placed at Maryland Stadium, where the football team touch it
for good luck as they pass by before games. Additional Testudo statues now sit outside
of the Gossett Team House near the stadium; XFINITY Center, the school’s basketball arena;
the Riggs Alumni Center; in the lobby of the Adele H. Stamp Student Union; and on the courtyard
of Van Munching Hall. In 1994, the Maryland General Assembly approved legislation to name
the diamondback terrapin (malaclemys terrapin terrapin) as the official state reptile and
the legally codified mascot of the University of Maryland. Beginning in the 2000s, the university
promoted the slogan “Fear the Turtle” as a rallying cry for school pride.The statue’s
nose is polished by passers-by that have rubbed it for good luck. Around finals week, students
start giving offerings to Testudo in the hope of good grades. In 2013, the Testudo statue
caught fire because of an ill-advised mixture of offerings and a lit candle. Local news
channels reported about this event and it trended on Twitter.==Notable alumni==Notable alumni include House Democratic Whip
Steny Hoyer; Google co-founder Sergey Brin; The Muppets creator Jim Henson; The Wire creator
David Simon, as well as Seinfeld co-creator and Curb Your Enthusiasm creator Larry David.
Former NFL Quarterback Norman “Boomer” Esiason. Prominent alumni in business include Ed Snider,
Chairman of Comcast Spectacor and owner of the Philadelphia Flyers; Jim Walton (journalist),
President and CEO of CNN; Kevin Plank, founder of the athletic apparel company Under Armour;
Leonard Kevin “Len” Bias, a first team All-American college basketball forward; Chris Kubasik,
former President of Lockheed Martin; Carly Fiorina, former CEO of Hewlett-Packard; and
telecommunications entrepreneur Brian Hinman. Television personality Connie Chung; E! News
reporter Giuliana Rancic graduated with a bachelor’s degree from the Philip Merrill
College of Journalism. ESPN reporters Bonnie Bernstein and Tim Kurkjian graduated from
the Philip Merrill College of Journalism. Scott Van Pelt, also of ESPN, attended the
Phillip Merrill College of Journalism, but finished a few credits short of graduation.
Journalist Carl Bernstein, who won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for his coverage
of the Watergate scandal, attended the university but did not graduate. Mark Rosenker, Former
Chairman of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and now CBS NEWS Transportation
Safety Analyst graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in radio and television. Kiran Chetry,
co-host of CNN’s American Morning, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in broadcast journalism.
Jean Worthley of Maryland Public Television hosted Hodgepodge Lodge and co-hosted On Nature’s
Trail after enrolling in the Graduate School of Education. TV and media critic David Zurawik
of The Baltimore Sun graduated with a doctorate in American Studies.
Heidi Collins of CNN Newsroom graduated with a Bachelor of science. Former Maryland governor
Harry R. Hughes also attended. Gayle King, editor-at-large for O, The Oprah Magazine,
graduated from Maryland with a degree in psychology. Television show host Bruce DePuyt, host of
News Talk on NewsChannel8 graduated from Phillip Merrill College of Journalism.
Attendees within the fields of science and mathematics are Nobel laureates Raymond Davis
Jr., 2002 winner in Physics; Herbert Hauptman, 1985 winner in Chemistry, and Fields Medal
winner Charles Fefferman. Other alumni include George Dantzig, considered the father of linear
programming; late NASA astronaut Judith Resnik, who died in the destruction of the Space Shuttle
Challenger during the launch of mission STS-51-L; engineer James S. Albus, founder of a division
at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); and NASA Administrator
Michael D. Griffin. Several donors have distinguished themselves
for their sizable gifts to the university. Businessman Robert H. Smith, who graduated
from the university in 1950 with a degree in accounting, has given over $45 million
to the business school that now bears his name, and to the Clarice Smith Performing
Arts Center, which bears his wife’s name. Construction entrepreneur A. James Clark,
who graduated with an engineering degree in 1950, has also donated over $45 million to
the college of engineering, which also bears his name. Another engineering donor, Jeong
H. Kim, earned his PhD from the university in 1991 and gave $5 million for the construction
of a state-of-the-art engineering building. Philip Merrill, a media figure, donated $10
million to the College of Journalism. Robert E. Fischell, physicist, inventor, and holder
of more than 200 U.S. and foreign medical patents donated $30 million to the A. James
Clark School of Engineering, establishing the Fischell Department of Bioengineering.
Brendan Iribe, a co-founder of Oculus VR, donated $31 million to the university in 2014
towards a new computer science building and scholarships.In addition, the university has
a number of executive trustees who are elected and have a diverse array of professional backgrounds.==Filmography==
The university’s campus has been featured in numerous films, television shows, and music
videos. Veep (2013)
Logic (“All I Do” and “The Spotlight”) (2011, 2012)
Naked Science (Earth’s Invisible Shield) (2008) National Treasure: Book of Secrets (2007)
CEO Exchange (2006) Naked Science (Earth’s Core) (2005)
Species II (1998) Antiques Roadshow (College Park, Maryland)
(1997) Life 101 (1995)
The X-Files (Lazarus) (1993) St. Elmo’s Fire (1985)
The House on Sorority Row (1983)==See also==Shuping Yang commencement speech controversy
Monroe H. Martin Prize