University of Liverpool

University of Liverpool

August 31, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of Liverpool is a public
university based in the city of Liverpool, England. Founded as a college
in 1881, it gained its royal charter in 1903 with the ability to award degrees
and is also known to be one of the six original “red brick” civic universities.
It comprises three faculties organised into 35 departments and schools. It is a
founding member of the Russell Group of research-intensive universities, the N8
Group for research collaboration and the University Management school is AACSB
accredited. The university has produced nine Nobel
Prize winners and offers more than 230 first degree courses across 103
subjects. It was the world’s first university to establish departments in
Oceanography, civic design, architecture, and biochemistry at the
Johnston Laboratories. In 2006 the university became the first in the UK to
establish an independent university in China making it the world’s first
Sino-British university. It has an annual turnover of £410 million,
including £150 million for research. Graduates of the University are styled
with the post-nominal letters Lpool, to indicate the institution.
History =University College Liverpool=
The University was established in 1881 as University College Liverpool,
admitting its first students in 1882. In 1884, it became part of the federal
Victoria University. In 1894 Oliver Lodge, a professor at the University,
made the world’s first public radio transmission and two years later took
the first surgical X-ray in the United Kingdom. The Liverpool University Press
was founded in 1899, making it the third oldest university press in England.
Students in this period were awarded external degrees by the University of
London.=University status=
Following a Royal Charter and Act of Parliament in 1903, it became an
independent university with the right to confer its own degrees called the
University of Liverpool. The next few years saw major developments at the
university, including Sir Charles Sherrington’s discovery of the synapse
and William Blair-Bell’s work on chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer.
In the 1930s to 1940s Sir James Chadwick and Sir Joseph Rotblat made major
contributions to the development of the atomic bomb. From 1943 – 1966 Allan
Downie, Professor of Bacteriology, was involved in the eradication of smallpox.
In 1994 the university was a founding member of the Russell Group, a
collaboration of twenty leading research-intensive universities, as well
as a founding member of the N8 Group in 2004. In the 21st century physicists,
engineers and technicians from the University of Liverpool were involved in
the construction of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, working on two of the
four detectors in the LHC. The university has produced nine Nobel
Prize winners, from the fields of science, medicine,economics and peace.
The Nobel laureates include the physician Sir Ronald Ross, physicist
Charles Barkla, the physiologist Sir Charles Sherrington, physicist Sir James
Chadwick, chemist Sir Robert Robinson, chemist Har Gobind Khorana, physiologist
Rodney Porter, economist Ronald Coase and physicist Joseph Rotblat. Sir Ronald
Ross was also the first British Nobel laureate in 1902.The University is also
associated with Professors Ronald Finn and Sir Cyril Clarke who jointly won the
Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award in 1980 and Sir David Weatherall
who won the Lasker-Koshland Special Achievement Award in Medical Science in
2010. These Lasker Awards are popularly known as America’s Nobels.
Over the 2013/2014 academic year, members of staff took part in numerous
strikes as a result of rises after staff were offered a pay rise of 1% which
unions equated to a 13% pay cut since 2008. The strikes were supported by both
the university’s Guild of Students and the National Union of Students. Some
students at the university supported the strike, occupying buildings on campus.
Campus and facilities The university is mainly based around a
single urban campus approximately five minutes walk from Liverpool City Centre,
at the top of Brownlow Hill and Mount Pleasant. Occupying 100 acres, it
contains 192 non-residential buildings that house 69 lecture theatres, 114
teaching areas and state-of-the-art research facilities.
The main site is divided into three faculties: Health and Life Sciences;
Humanities and Social Sciences; and Science and Engineering. The Veterinary
Teaching Hospital and Ness Botanical Gardens are based on the Wirral
Peninsula. There was formerly a marine biology research station at Port Erin on
the Isle of Man until it closed in 2006. Fifty-one residential buildings, on or
near the campus, provide 3,385 rooms for students, on a catered or self-catering
basis. The centrepiece of the campus remains the University’s original red
brick building, the Victoria Building. Opened in 1892, it has recently been
restored as the Victoria Gallery and Museum, complete with cafe and
activities for school visits Victoria Gallery and Museum, University of
Liverpool. In 2011 the university made a commitment
to invest £660m into the ‘Student Experience’, £250m of which will
reportedly be spent on Student Accommodation. Announced so far have
been two large On-Campus halls of residences (the first of which, Vine
Court, opened September 2012, new Veterinary Science facilities, and a
£10m refurbishment of the Liverpool Guild of Students. New Central Teaching
Laboratories for physics, earth sciences, chemistry and archaeology were
opened in autumn 2012. In 2013, the University of Liverpool
opened a satellite campus in Finsbury Square in London, offering a range of
professionally-focussed masters programmes.
=Central Teaching Hub=The Central Teaching Hub is a large
multi-use building that houses a recently refurbished Lecture Theatre
Block and state of the art teaching facilities for the Departments of
Chemistry, Physics and Environmental Sciences, within the University’s
Central City Centre Campus. It was completed and officially opened in
September 2012 with an estimated project cost of £23m. The Main building, the
‘”Central Teaching Laboratory”‘ is built around a large atrium and houses seven
separate laboratories that can accommodate 1,000 students at a time. A
flexible teaching space, computing centre, multi-departmental teaching
spaces and communal work spaces can also be found inside. The adjoining
University Lecture Block building contains four Lecture rooms and further
social spaces.=Sustainability=
In 2008 the University of Liverpool was voted joint seventeenth greenest
university in Britain by WWF supported company Green League. This represents an
improvement after finishing 55th in the league table the previous year.
The position of the university is determined by point allocation in
departments such as Transport, Waste management, sustainable procurement and
Emissions among other categories; these are then transpired into various awards.
Liverpool was awarded the highest achievement possible in Environmental
policy, Environmental staff, Environmental audit, Fair trade status,
Ethical investment policy and Waste recycled while also scoring points in
Carbon emissions, Water recycle and Energy source.
Liverpool was the first among UK universities to develop their desktop
computer power management solution, which has been widely adopted by other
institutions. The university has subsequently piloted other advanced
software approaches further increasing savings. The university has also been at
the forefront of using the Condor HTC computing platform in a power saving
environment. This software, which makes use of unused computer time for
computationally intensive tasks usually results in computers being left turned
on. The university has demonstrated an effective solution for this problem
using a mixture of Wake-on-LAN and commercial power management software.
Academic profile The university is ranked in the top 1%
of universities worldwide according to Academic ranking of world universities
which makes it a top 100 university globally. It also is a founding member
of the Russell Group and a founding member of the Northern Consortium.
The University is a pre-eminent research-based university with 32,000
students pursuing over 450 programmes spanning 54 subject areas. It has a
broad range of teaching and research in both arts and sciences, and the
University of Liverpool School of Medicine established in 1835 is today
one of the largest medical schools in the UK. It also has strong links to the
neighbouring Royal Liverpool University Hospital.
In September 2008, Sir Howard Newby took up the post of Vice Chancellor of the
University, following the retirement of Sir Drummond Bone.
The University has a Students’ union to represent students’ interests, known as
the Liverpool Guild of Students.=Organisation=
Since 2009, teaching departments of the University have been divided into three
faculties: Science and Engineering, Health and Life Sciences, and Humanities
and Social Sciences. Each faculty is headed by an Executive
Pro-Vice-Chancellor, who is responsible for all schools in the faculty.
=Rankings and Reputation=In the Complete University Guide 2013,
published in The Independent, the University of Liverpool was ranked 31st
out of 124, based on nine measures, while The Times Good University Guide
2008 ranked Liverpool 34th out of 113 universities. The Sunday Times
university guide recently ranked the University of Liverpool 27th out of 123.
In 2010, “The Sunday Times has ranked University of Liverpool 29th of 122
institutions nationwide. In 2008 the THE-QS World University Rankings rated
University of Liverpool 99th best in the world, and 137th best worldwide in 2009.
In 2011 the QS World University Rankings ranked the university in 123rd place, up
14. Times Higher Education are publishing a separate ranking soon. In
the Times Good University Guide 2013, the University of Liverpool was ranked
29th. The Research Excellence Framework for
2014 has confirmed the University of Liverpool’s reputation for
internationally outstanding research. Chemistry, Computer Science, General
Engineering, Archaeology, Agriculture, Veterinary & Food Science, Architecture,
Clinical Medicine, and English, are ranked in the top 10 in the UK for
research excellence rated as 4* or 3*, and also performed particularly well in
terms of the impact of their research. The Computer Science department was
ranked 1st in UK for 4* and 3* research, with 97% of the research being rated as
world-leading or internationally excellent – the highest proportion of
any computer science department in the UK. The Chemistry department was also
ranked 1st in the UK with 99% of its research rated as 4* world leading or 3*
internationally excellent International co-operation
=Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University=In 2006 the university became the first
in the UK to establish an independent university in China, making it the
world’s first Sino-British university. Resulting from a partnership between the
University of Liverpool and Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an
Jiaotong-Liverpool University is the first Sino-British university between
research led universities, exploring new educational models for China.
The campus is situated in Suzhou Industrial Park in the eastern part of
Suzhou in the province of Jiangsu, 90 km west of Shanghai. It is a science and
engineering university with a second focus in English, recognised by the
Chinese Ministry of Education as a “not for profit” educational institution. The
University offers undergraduate degree programmes in the fields of Science,
Engineering, and Management. Students are rewarded with a University of
Liverpool degree as well as a degree from XJTLU. The teaching language is
English. Student life
=University Halls=The university offers a wide selection
of accommodation that are on campus as well as student villages off campus. As
part of a £660 million investment in campus facilities and student
experience, the university has built 3 new on campus halls, while refurbishing
existing accommodation. The accommodation offered currently by the
university for 2014/2015 academic year are listed below:
Campus Crown Place
Vine Court Dover Court
Mulberry Court Tudor Close
Melville Grove Off Campus
Carnatic Student Village Lady Mountford House
Morton House Rankin Hall
Salisbury Hall McNair Hall
Greenbank Student Village Roscoe & Gladstone Halls
=Sport=The University of Liverpool has a proud
sporting tradition and has many premier teams in a variety of sports. The
current sporting project comes under the title of Sport Liverpool and offers
nearly 50 different sports ranging from football, rugby, cricket and hockey to
others such as windsurfing, lacrosse and cheerleading.
Many of the sports have both male and female teams and most are involved in
competition on a national scale. BUCS is the body which organises national
university competitions involving 154 institutions in 47 sports. Most sports
involve travelling to various locations across the country, mainly on Wednesday
afternoons. Two other prominent competitions are the
Christie Championships and the Varsity Cup. The Christie Cup is an
inter-university competition between Liverpool, Leeds and Manchester. The
Varsity Cup is a popular “derby” event between Liverpool John Moores University
and the University of Liverpool. Notable alumni
Edward Stringer, Assistant Chief of the Air Staff, Royal Air Force.
Clive Barker, fantasy & horror fiction writer and film director
Hossein Bashiriyeh, Iranian professor of political science
Stephen Bayley Torben Betts, playwright
Roger Bolton, broadcaster and television producer
George Henry Bolsover Director, School of Slavonic and East European Studies,
London, 1947–76 Paula Byrne, biographer
Philip Clarke, CEO Tesco PLC Steve Coppell, footballer and manager
Alexander Critchley M.P. for Liverpool Edge Hill 1893–1943.
Frances Crook Victoria Derbyshire
Frank Duckworth, statistician, developed the Duckworth–Lewis method
Carol Ann Duffy, Poet Laureate Steve Firth, musician
Maxwell Fry, modernist architect Ernest Gibbins, dipterist
Rob Grant Nick Grimshaw
Brian Hall, footballer Rose Heilbron, barrister and judge
William Holford, Baron Holford, architect and town planner
John Holt, physicist Barry Horne, journalist and pundit
Beverley Hughes MP PC Dr Robert Roland Hughes, pioneer in
Neuroscience and Electroencephalography Frank Irving, aeronautical engineer,
glider pilot and author Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara, First
President and Prime Minister of The Gambia
Rory Jennings, actor Sanjay Jha, Co-CEO Motorola, Inc. and
CEO of Motorola’s Mobile Devices business
Syed Kamall Alfredo Kanthack FRCP FRCS, pathologist
Brian Keaney, children’s author Sir Frank Kermode, literary critic
Sir Ian Kershaw, historian Peter Kilfoyle
Robert Legget, civil engineer, historian, and non-fiction writer
Sir Leigh Lewis, permanent secretary Edward Snowden, system administrator and
counterintelligence trainer Oliver W F Lodge
Chris Lowe, musician Diarmaid MacCulloch, historian
Rex Makin, solicitor and philanthropist Helen Marnie, member of the band
Ladytron Anna Maxwell Martin
Rod I. McAllister, architect Tony McNulty, Labour Minister
Brian Millard, leader of Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council from 2005
to 2007 Margaret Murphy, crime writer
Doug Naylor, co-creator of Red Dwarf Sir John Neale, historian of Tudor
England Ernest Newman, music critic and
biographer of Wagner Lord Nicholls, retired Law Lord
Paddy Nixon, Vice-Chancellor & President of Ulster University
Gordon Oakes Stel Pavlou, author and screenwriter
David Andrew Phoenix OBE, biochemist Dee Plume and Sue Denim, musicians from
the band Robots in Disguise Phil Redmond, television producer
Sir Leonard Redshaw, shipbuilder Wolfgang Rindler, physicist
Dame Stella Rimington, Director-General of MI5
Winifred Robinson, broadcaster Patricia Routledge, actress
Barham Ahmad Salih, Prime Minister of Kurdistan Regional Government
Amha Selassie of Ethiopia Sir Robin Saxby, former chairman of ARM
Holdings Maeve Sherlock OBE
Margaret Simey, social and political campaigner
F.E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead Martin Smith, vehicle designer
Jon Snow, Channel 4 television news presenter
Olaf Stapledon, novelist and philosopher Ong Teng Cheong, 5th President of
Singapore Sir James Stirling, architect
Lytton Strachey, biographer and essayist Sir Michael Thompson, academic
Emma Jane Unsworth, writer Steve Voake, children’s author
Tung Chee Hwa, first chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative
Region of the People’s Republic of China Baroness Walmsley, politician
Helen Walsh, Novelist Sid Watkins, former Formula 1 chief
medical officer Sir David Weatherall, Regius Professor
of Medicine, 1992–2000 Laurence Westgaph, social historian and
activist Jim Woodcock, professor of software
engineering Verna Wright, evangelist, physician and
research scientist Wade Barrett, professional wrestler
Warrington Yorke, Professor of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool
Matt Taylor, project scientist for the Rosetta mission.
=Nobel Prize winners=There have been nine Nobel Prize
Laureates who have been based at the University during a significant point in
their career. Sir Ronald Ross for his work with
malaria. Charles Barkla for discovering the
electromagnetic properties of X-rays. Sir Charles Sherrington for his research
into neurons. Sir James Chadwick for discovering
neutrons. Sir Robert Robinson for his research
into anthocyanins and alkaloids. Har Gobind Khorana for his work on the
interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.
Rodney Porter for his discovery of the structure of antibodies.
Ronald Coase for his discovery and clarification of the significance of
transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and
functioning of the economy. Joseph Rotblat for his efforts with
nuclear disarmament. See also
Liverpool Knowledge Quarter Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
Royal Liverpool University Hospital Liverpool University School of
Architecture List of modern universities in Europe
Cayman Islands Law School Liverpool Life Sciences UTC
References Further reading
Rigg, J. Anthony “A comparative history of the libraries of Manchester and
Liverpool Universities up to 1903”, in: Saunders, W. L., ed. University and
Research Library Studies: some contributions from the University of
Sheffield Post-graduate School of Librarianship and Information Science.
Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1968 External links
University of Liverpool University of Liverpool in London
Liverpool Guild of Students’