University of California, San Francisco | Wikipedia audio article

University of California, San Francisco | Wikipedia audio article

October 12, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of California, San Francisco
(UCSF) is a public research university in San Francisco, California. It is part of the
University of California system and it is dedicated entirely to health science. It is
a major center of medical and biological research and teaching.UCSF was founded as Toland Medical
College in 1864, and in 1873 it affiliated itself with the University of California,
becoming its Medical Department. In the same year, it incorporated the California College
of Pharmacy and in 1881 it established a dentistry school. Its facilities were located in both
Berkeley and San Francisco. In 1964, the school gained full administrative independence as
a campus of the UC system headed by a chancellor, and in 1970 it gained its current name. Historically
based at Parnassus Heights and several other locations throughout the city, in the early
2000s it developed a second major campus in the newly redeveloped Mission Bay. As of October
2018, nine Nobel laureates have been affiliated with UCSF as faculty members or researchers,
and the University has been the site of many scientific breakthroughs.The UCSF School of
Medicine, the oldest medical school in the Western United States, is the top recipient
of NIH funding as of 2017. U.S. News & World Report ranks it #5 on their “Best Medical
Schools: Research” and #3 on their “Best Medical Schools: Primary Care.” The UCSF Schools of
Dentistry, Nursing, and Pharmacy have the highest NIH funding in their respective fields.
The UCSF Graduate Division offers 19 PhD programs, 11 MS programs, two certificates and a physical
therapy program. The UCSF Medical Center is the nation’s 7th-ranked
hospital and California’s 2nd highest-ranked hospital according to U.S. News & World Report.
With 25,398 employees, UCSF is the second largest public agency employer in the San
Francisco Bay Area. UCSF faculty have treated patients and trained residents since 1873
at the San Francisco General Hospital and for over 50 years at the San Francisco VA
Medical Center.==History=====Beginnings===The University of California, San Francisco
traces its history to Hugh Toland, a South Carolina surgeon who found great success and
wealth after moving to San Francisco in 1852. A previous school, the Cooper Medical College
of the University of Pacific (founded 1858), entered a period of uncertainty in 1862 when
its founder, Elias Samuel Cooper, died. In 1864, Toland founded a new medical school,
Toland Medical College, and the faculty of Cooper Medical College chose to suspend operations
and join the new school.The University of California was founded in 1868, and by 1870
Toland Medical School began negotiating an affiliation with the new public university.
Meanwhile, some faculty of Toland Medical School elected to reopen the Medical Department
of the University of the Pacific, which would later become Stanford University School of
Medicine. Negotiations between Toland and UC were complicated by Toland’s demand that
the medical school continue to bear his name, an issue on which he finally conceded. In
March 1873, the trustees of Toland Medical College transferred it to the Regents of the
University of California, and it became The Medical Department of the University of California.
At the same time, the University of California also negotiated the incorporation of the California
College of Pharmacy, the first pharmacy school in the West, established in 1872 by the Californian
Pharmaceutical Society. The Pharmacy College was affiliated in June 1873, and together
the Medical College and the Pharmacy College came to be known as ‘Affiliated Colleges’.
The third college, the College of Dentistry, was established in 1881.===Expansion and growth===
Initially, the three Affiliated Colleges were located at different sites around San Francisco,
but near the end of the 19th Century interest in bringing them together grew. To make this
possible, San Francisco Mayor Adolph Sutro donated 13 acres in Parnassus Heights at the
base of Mount Parnassus (now known as Mount Sutro). The new site, overlooking Golden Gate
Park, opened in the fall of 1898, with the construction of the new Affiliated Colleges
buildings. The school’s first female student, Lucy Wanzer, graduated in 1876, after having
to appeal to the UC Board of Regents to gain admission in 1873.Until 1906, the school faculty
had provided care at the City-County Hospital (San Francisco General Hospital, 1915-2016,
but Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center (SFGH) since 2016), but
did not have a hospital of its own. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, more than
40,000 people were relocated to a makeshift tent city in Golden Gate Park and were treated
by the faculty of the Affiliated Colleges. This brought the school, which until then
was located on the western outskirts of the city, in contact with significant population
and fueled the commitment of the school towards civic responsibility and health care, increasing
the momentum towards the construction of its own health facilities. Finally, in April 1907,
one of the buildings was renovated for outpatient care with 75 beds. This created the need to
train nursing students, and, in 1907, the UC Training School for Nurses was established,
adding a fourth professional school to the Affiliated Colleges.
Around this time, the Affiliated Colleges agreed to submit to the Regents’ governance
at the urging of President Benjamin Ide Wheeler, who had come to recognize the problems inherent
in the existence of independent entities that shared the UC brand but over which UC had
no real control.===Post-War 20th century===
The schools continued to grow in numbers and reputation
in the following year. One notable event was the incorporation of the Hooper Foundation
for Medical Research in 1914, a medical research institute second only to the Rockefeller Institute.
This addition bolstered the prestige of the Parnassus site during a dispute over whether
the schools should consolidate at Parnassus or in Berkeley, where some of the departments
had transferred. The final decision came in 1949 when the Regents of the University of
California designated the Parnassus campus as the UC Medical Center in San Francisco.
The medical facilities were updated, and the departments returned to San Francisco from
Berkeley. During this period a number of research institutes were established, and many new
facilities were added, such as the 225-bed UC Hospital (1917), the Clinics Building (1934),
the Langley Porter Clinic (1942) and the Herbert C. Moffitt Hospital (1955). In 1958, the addition
of the Guy S. Millberry Union offered dorms and services for students.
The school gained more independence in the 1960s, when it started to be seen as a campus
in its own right instead of as the medical center of the UC system. The four departments
were renamed as “School of …” and the Graduate Division was founded in 1961. Further along
this line, in 1964 the institution obtained full administrative independence under the
name University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, becoming the ninth campus
in the University of California system and the only one devoted exclusively to the health
sciences. The first Chancellor under the new independent configuration was John B. de C.M.
Saunders, previously Provost, who had a strong preference for medical training over research.
This stance led to his resignation and the naming of Willard C. Fleming, DDS, as the
second Chancellor in 1966. Fleming brought balance between clinicians and researchers
and a new found stability to the administration. By the end of the 1960s, the university was
starting to become a leading research center, also bolstered by the opening of Health Sciences
East and Health Sciences West the same year. Under the guidance of the third Chancellor,
Philip R. Lee, the institution was renamed to its current form, the University of California,
San Francisco (UCSF). Lee also was crucial in guiding UCSF through the turmoil of the
late 1960s and worked to increase minority recruitment and enrollment. By then, UCSF
had already reached the top ranks of US schools in the health sciences through its innovative
programs that blended basic science, research, and clinical instruction. This stature was
further augmented by Francis A. Sooy, fourth Chancellor, who dedicated his ten years to
recruiting the top physicians and scientists in the field.===Late 20th century===
The 1970s saw a dramatic expansion of UCSF, both in its medical capacities and as a research
institute. The increase in researchers, physicians and students brought a need for additional
space. The nursing school opened its own building in 1972 and the medical center opened the
Ambulatory Care Center in 1973. The discovery of recombinant DNA technology by UCSF and
Stanford scientists in the mid-1970s opened many new avenues of research and attracted
more people. On the clinical side, great advances in patient care, diagnostics, and treatments
advanced UCSF’s reputation in the health field. 1975 also saw the opening of the UCSF Center
in Fresno. Julius R. Krevans, the fifth Chancellor from
1982 to 1993, was a strong advocate of biomedical research and public policy in the health sciences.
During his tenure, UCSF rose to become one of the leading recipients of NIH funding.
This led to the need for new space, and additions included the Marilyn Reed Lucia Child Care
Center in 1978, the Dental Clinics Building (1980), the new Joseph M. Long Hospital in
1983 (which was integrated with the existing Moffitt Hospital), Beckman Vision Center and
Koret Vision Research Laboratory (1988), and Kalmanovitz Library (1990).
Due to the space constraints of the Parnassus Heights campus, UCSF started looking into
expanding into other areas of the city. The university opened UCSF Laurel Heights in 1985
in the Laurel Heights neighborhood. Initially intended for pharmacy school laboratory research
and instruction, neighborhood concerns pushed the university to instead employ the building
for academic desktop research, social and behavioral science departments, and administrative
offices. On the western side of the city, the university acquired Mount Zion Hospital
in 1990, which became the second major clinical site and since 1999 has hosted the first comprehensive
cancer center in Northern California. Under the chancellorship of Joseph B. Martin, UCSF
engaged in a health merger with Stanford Health and laid the groundwork for the expansion
into Mission Bay.===21st century===A pivotal moment in UCSF history was the deal
between Vice Chancellor Bruce Spaulding and San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown for the development
of the Mission Bay campus in 1999. The development of a second campus in San Francisco was planned
carefully and with business and community input. The Mission Bay neighborhood was occupied
by old warehouses and rail yards. Initially, the campus consisted of 29.2 acres donated
by the Catellus Development Corporation and 13.2 acres donated by the City and County
of San Francisco. A later addition of a 14.5-acre parcel brought the total campus area to about
57 acres. The Mission Bay expansion was overseen by a one-year chancellorship of surgeon Haile
Debas. Under his guidance, UCSF further increased its lead in the field of surgery, transplant
surgery, and surgical training. The Mission Bay Campus doubled the university’s research
and provided new opportunities for biomedical discovery and student training. The first
phase of construction cost $800 million and included four research buildings, a community
center, a student housing complex, two parking structures, and development of large open
spaces. Scientist J. Michael Bishop, a Nobel Prize
in Medicine recipient, became the eighth Chancellor in 1998. He oversaw one of UCSF’s transition
and growth periods, including the expanding Mission Bay development and philanthropic
support recruitment. During his tenure, he unveiled the first comprehensive, campus-wide,
strategic plan to promote diversity and foster a supportive work environment. During this
time, UCSF also adopted a new mission: advancing health worldwide™.In 2009, Susan Desmond-Hellmann
became the ninth Chancellor and first woman to lead UCSF. She was tasked with guiding
the university through the aftermath of the financial crisis of 2007–2008. In the same
year, UCSF professor Elizabeth Blackburn won the Nobel Prize for Medicine and in 2012 UCSF
professor Shinya Yamanaka won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The 2010s saw increased construction and expansion
at Mission Bay, with the Smith Cardiovascular Research Building, the UCSF Medical Center
at Mission Bay, the Benioff Children’s Hospital in 2010, the Sandler Neuroscience Center in
2012, Mission Hall and the Baker Cancer Hospital in 2013. The Children’s Hospital was named
after Marc Benioff, who donated $100 million toward the new facility. In 2011, expansion
also resumed at the Parnassus campus, with the construction of the Regeneration Medicine
Building, a $123 million construction designed by New York architect Rafael Viñoly. The
Stem Cell Center was named in honor of Eli Broad, who donated $25 million to the cause
of research for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Parkinson’s disease, HIV/AIDS, and cancer.
In 2014, UCSF celebrated its 150th anniversary with a year of events. That same year Neonatologist
and Dean of the UCSF School of Medicine Sam Hawgood, MBBS, became the tenth Chancellor.
In 2015, the Mission Bay campus saw the grand opening of the new UCSF Medical Center at
Mission Bay, a 289-bed integrated hospital complex dedicated to serving children, women
and cancer patients. Since 2015 UCSF has increased its focus on
novel biomedical research and has attracted many acts of philanthropy. UCSF became one
of the three institutions (together with UC Berkeley and Stanford University) which comprise
the Biohub, which is housed on the Mission Bay campus. The project consists of a medical
science research center funded by a $600 million commitment from Facebook CEO and founder Mark
Zuckerberg and UCSF alumna pediatrician Priscilla Chan, his wife. In January 2017, UCSF announced
a $500 million gift from the Helen Diller Foundation to increase financial aid for faculty
and students, invest in cutting-edge research projects, and expand scholarships for dental,
medical, nursing and pharmacy students. This gift is tied with that of Nike Inc. co-founder
Phil Knight for the largest single donation ever to a public university. In 2017, UCSF
launched a capital campaign, The Campaign, to raise $5 billion to increase the endowment
and funds for research and medical services. In 2018, UCSF received a commitment of $500
million for the construction of a new hospital, which will be built at Parnassus, replacing
the Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute.==Campus==
UCSF operates four major campus sites within the city of San Francisco and one in Fresno,
California, as well as numerous other minor sites scattered through San Francisco and
the San Francisco Bay Area.===Parnassus===The Parnassus Heights campus was the site
of the Affiliated Colleges, which later evolved into the present-day institution. The site
was established along Parnassus Avenue in 1898 on land donated by Mayor Adolph Sutro.
At the time, the site was in the remote and uninhabited western part of San Francisco,
but its medical facilities became vital in saving lives when 40,000 people were hosted
in the nearby Golden Gate Park after the 1906 earthquake. In the early 1900s, the medical
research operations of the medical center were split between Parnassus and UC Berkeley,
and discussions arose about which site should become the center of medical activity. In
1914, the Hooper Foundation for Medical Research decided to move its research work to the Parnassus
site, becoming the first medical research foundation in the United States to be incorporated
into a university. This expansion led to a 1949 decision by the UC Board of Regents designating
the UCSF campus, rather than UC Berkeley, as the main site for all medical sciences
of the UC system. The 20th century saw remarkable growth, with the expansion of new research
institutes and facilities, which led to the administrative independence of UCSF and the
selection of John B. de C.M. Saunders as the first Chancellor in 1964.
Parnassus serves as the main campus of the University and includes administration offices,
numerous research labs, the 600-bed UCSF Medical Center, the Langley Porter Psychiatric Institute,
the Mulberry Student Union, and the UCSF Library. Additionally, the Schools of Dentistry, Pharmacy,
Medicine, Nursing are also located at Parnassus. It also houses the UCSF neurology outpatient
practice that serves as a referral center for most of northern California and Reno,
Nevada. UCSF’s Beckman Vision Center is also located at the Parnassus campus. It is a center
for the diagnosis, treatment, and research of all areas of eye care, including vision
correction surgery. Also located on the Parnassus campus is the UCSF Fetal Treatment Center,
a multidisciplinary care center dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, and long-term
follow-up of fetal birth defects.===Mission Bay===
UCSF’s Mission Bay Campus, also located in San Francisco, is the largest ongoing biomedical
construction project in the world. The 43-acre (17 ha) Mission Bay campus, opened in 2003
with construction still ongoing, contains additional research space and facilities to
foster biotechnology and life sciences companies. It will double the size of UCSF’s research
enterprise over the next 10 years. The biotechnology company Genentech contributed $50 million
toward construction of a building as part of a settlement regarding alleged theft of
UCSF technology several decades earlier. Also located on the Mission Bay campus, the
Arthur and Toni Rembe Rock Hall was designed by César Pelli and opened in February 2004.
The building is named in honor of Arthur Rock and his wife, who made a $25 million gift
to the university. Byers Hall serves as the headquarters for the California Institute
for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), a cooperative effort between the UC campuses at San Francisco,
Berkeley, and Santa Cruz. The building is named after venture capitalist Brook Byers,
co-chair of UCSF’s capital campaign that concluded in 2005 and raised over $1.6 billion.Additionally,
the William J. Rutter Center, designed along with the adjacent 600-space parking structure
by Ricardo Legorreta, opened in October 2005 and contains a fitness and recreation center,
swimming pools, student services, and conference facilities. The building is named in honor
of William J. Rutter, former Chairman of the university’s Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics
and co-founder of Chiron Corporation. A housing complex for 750 students and postdoctoral
fellows and an 800-space parking garage also opened in late 2005. And a fourth research
building, designed by Rafael Viñoly and named the Helen Diller Family Cancer Research Building,
opened in June 2009. Two additional research buildings designated for neuroscience and
cardiovascular research are currently in the planning and design phase. A new specialty
hospital focused on women, children, and cancer on the Mission Bay campus opened in February
2015.===Other centers, institutes, and programs
===The Mount Zion Campus contains UCSF’s NCI-designated
Comprehensive Cancer Center, its Women’s Health Center, the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine
and outpatient resources. The San Francisco General Hospital campus cares for the indigent
population of San Francisco and contains San Francisco’s only Level I trauma center. The
hospital itself is owned and operated by the City and County of San Francisco, but all
of its doctors are UCSF faculty physicians and UCSF maintains research laboratories at
the hospital campus. The earliest cases of HIV/AIDS were discovered at San Francisco
General Hospital in the 1980s. To this day SF General Hospital has one of the world’s
leading HIV/AIDS treatment and research centers.UCSF is also affiliated with the San Francisco
VA Medical Center and the J. David Gladstone Institutes, a private biomedical research
entity that has recently moved to a new building adjacent to UCSF’s Mission Bay campus. They
are also affiliated with UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland (formerly Children’s Hospital
& Research Center Oakland). UCSF has its own police department, which
serves its two major campuses as well as all satellite sites within the city and South
San Francisco.===Health policy===
Among the related Institutes that are part of UCSF is the Philip R. Lee Institute for
Health Policy Studies, founded in 1972 by Philip Randolph Lee.UCSF cooperates with the
Hastings College of Law, a separate University of California institution located in San Francisco.
This includes the formation of the UCSF/Hastings Consortium on Law, Science, and Health Policy.
The program offers an LLM and MSL Degree program for health and science professionals. The
Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies is a partner in this consortium.
UCSF is home to the Industry Documents Library (IDL), a digital library of previously secret
internal industry documents, including over 14 million documents in the internationally
known Truth Tobacco Industry Documents, the Food Industry Documents Archive, Chemical
Industry Documents Archive and the Drug Industry Documents Archive. The IDL contains millions
of documents created by major companies related to their advertising, manufacturing, marketing,
sales, and scientific research activities.==Academics==
University of California, San Francisco is unique among University of California campuses
in that it performs only biomedical and patient-centered research in its Schools of Medicine, Pharmacy,
Nursing, and Dentistry, and the Graduate Division, and their hundreds of associated laboratories.
The university is known for innovation in medical research, public service, and patient
care. UCSF’s faculty includes five Nobel Prize winners, 31 members of the National Academy
of Sciences, 69 members of the Institute of Medicine, and 30 members of the Academy of
Arts and Sciences. UCSF confers a number of degrees, including Master of Science, Doctor
of Philosophy, Doctor of Pharmacy, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Dental Surgery, and
Doctor of Physical Therapy in a variety of fields.===Rankings===
UCSF is considered one of the preeminent medical and life sciences universities. In 2016, the
Academic Ranking of World Universities, published annually by Shanghai Jiaotong University,
ranked UCSF third in the world for Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy and fifth in the world
for Life and Agricultural Sciences. Previously, UCSF had been second in the world for Clinical
Medicine and Pharmacy from 2007-2015, ceding the #2 position to the University of Washington
in 2016. The professional schools of the University of California, San Francisco are among the
top in the nation, according to current (2013) U.S. News & World Report graduate school and
other rankings. The schools also rank at or near the top in research funding from the
National Institutes of Health. UCSF is ranked 5th among research-oriented medical schools
in the United States and ranked 3rd for primary care by U.S. News and World Report. As of
2016, UCSF is ranked 6th among medical schools in the world by the Academic Ranking of World
Universities (Clinical Medicine, 2016).The UCSF Medical Center is the nation’s 7th-ranked
hospital and California’s 2nd highest-ranked hospital according to U.S. News & World Report.===Faculty===
UCSF has 3,000 full-time faculty. Among its 2018 faculty members are:
6 Nobel Prize winners 53 members of the National Academy of Sciences
100 members of the National Academy of Medicine 3 MacArthur Foundation “geniuses”
18 Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators 38 NIH Innovator and Young Innovator Awards
9 members of the Royal Society 65 members of the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences 68 members of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science 2 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences winners
4 National Medal of Science winners 6 Shaw Prize winners
10 Lasker Award winners===
School of Medicine===The UCSF school of medicine is the oldest
in the Western United States. In 2016, the School of Medicine was the number one recipient
of National Institutes of Health research funds among all US medical schools for the
fifth year in a row, receiving awards totaling $518 million. This figure rose from 2010 when
the School of Medicine received a total of $475.4 million in NIH funds, but was still
the largest public medical school recipient. Also in 2012, the school of medicine received
the most funding from NIH in medicine for the first time (receiving funds totaling $448.7
million), and maintains this distinction as of 2016.In 2016, the School of Medicine launched
the Bridges curriculum, more than half of which is dedicated to diagnostic reasoning.In
2017, 8,078 people applied and 505 were interviewed for 145 positions in the entering class.===Graduate Division===The Graduate Division, established in 1961,
is home to 1,600 students enrolled in 31 degree programs (both PhD and Masters) and 1,100
postdoctoral scholars. Programs are based basic, translational, clinical, social, and
populational sciences, and focus on the understanding of the mechanisms of biology, analyzing the
social, cultural, and historical determinants of health, alleviating human disease, reducing
health disparities, and advancing health worldwide. U.S. News & World Report. In 2018, UCSF graduate
programs ranked 1st in immunology and molecular biology, 3rd in neuroscience, 4th in cell
biology and biochemistry, fifth in biochemistry/biophysics/structural biology.===School of Nursing===The School of Nursing was established in 1907,
following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, which lead to UCSF becoming active in providing
health care in San Francisco. It is recognized as one of the premier nursing schools in the
United States. In the U.S. News & World Report for 2016, the UCSF School of Nursing tied
for 2nd overall in the nation. UCSF also ranked in the top 10 in all six of its rated nursing
specialties, including ranking #1 for its psychiatric/mental health nurse practitioner
program, and ranking #2 for its family nurse practitioner program. Previously, in 2012,
the nursing specialties were ranked as #1 for adult/medical-surgical nurse, family nurse
practitioner and psychiatric/mental health nurse programs, and #2 for its adult nurse
practitioner program.The School of Nursing in 2016 ranked first nationally in total NIH
research funds with $7.85 million, for the 10th time in the last dozen years. This was
the second year in a row that all four of UCSF’s professional schools (Medicine, Nursing,
Pharmacy, and Dentistry) ranked first for “federal biomedical research funding in their
fields.”===School of Pharmacy===Founded in 1872, it is the oldest pharmacy
school in California and the western United States. For 39 consecutive years it has been
the number one pharmacy school by NIH funding, with close to $29 million in 2018.In 2015,
U.S. News & World Report ranked the UCSF School of Pharmacy number three in its “America’s
Best Graduate Schools” edition. In 2014, the School of Pharmacy also ranked first in NIH
research funding among all US pharmacy schools, receiving awards totaling $31.8 million. The
UCSF School of Pharmacy was also ranked as the top program in the US, according to a
2002 survey published in The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, which weighed key criteria, including funding
for research and the frequency of scientific publications by faculty, that are not considered
in other rankings. In 2013, the UCSF pharmacy program implemented the multiple mini interview,
developed by McMaster University Medical School, as a replacement for the more traditional
panel interview as the MMI had shown to be a better predictor of subsequent performance
in school.===School of Dentistry===Founded in 1881, the School of Dentistry is
the oldest dental school in the state of California and in the Western United States. It is accredited
by the American Dental Association and offers the Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), PhD in
Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, MS in Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, and MS in Dental
Hygiene degrees. The School of Dentistry in 2016 ranked first
among all dental schools in NIH research funding for the 25th consecutive year, with $19.5
million in awards. In Quacquarelli Symonds’s first ever Dentistry Subject Ranking in 2015,
UCSF was ranked 24th in the world.==UCSF Health=====UCSF Medical Center===In 2017, U.S. News & World Report named the
UCSF Medical Center the 5th hospital in the nation and the 1st in California. Among pediatric
care centers, UCSF Children’s Hospital ranked no. 16 – among the highest-rated children’s
medical service in California. In the magazine’s “America’s Best Hospitals”
survey, the UCSF Medical Center ranked best in Northern California – as well as among
the best in the nation – in the following specialties: endocrinology, neurology/neurosurgery;
gynecology; cancer; kidney disease; ophthalmology; respiratory disorders; rheumatology; urology;
digestive disorders; ear, nose, and throat; psychiatry; heart and heart surgery; and pediatrics.The
UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay opened February 1, 2015 and hosts three hospitals
(UCSF Benioff children’s hospital, UCSF Betty Irene Moore Women’s Hospital, and UCSF Bakar
Cancer Hospital) and an outpatient facility. Overall, the 6-story medical center covers
878,000-square-foot and has 289 beds. It also has 4.3 acres of green space, including 100,000
square feet of ground landscaping (making it one of the greenest hospitals in the US)
and 60,000 square feet of rooftop gardens. UCSF Radiology research programs were ranked
second in 2009 in America. The Radiology department is spearheaded by Dr Ronald L. Arenson who
is an Alexander R. Margulis Distinguished Professor and also a part of Board of directors
of RSNA (Radiological Society of North America).==Research==
UCSF is among the world’s leading institutions in biological and medical research. Its departments
span all fields of biomedical science, from basic to translational sciences. In 2016,
it spent $1.13 billion in research and development, the 4th most nationally, 61% of which is funded
by the Department of Health And Human Services and the NIH. The discovery of oncogenes and the conversion
of normal cellular genes can be converted to cancer genes (Nobel Prize in Medicine,
J. Michael Bishop and Harold Varmus, 1989) The techniques of recombinant DNA, the seminal
step in the creation of the biotechnology industry, together with Stanford
The precise recombinant DNA techniques that led to the creation of a hepatitis B vaccine
The first successful in-utero fetal surgery (Michael R. Harrison)
First to clone an insulin gene into bacteria, leading to the mass production of recombinant
human insulin to treat diabetes First to synthesize human growth hormone and
clone into bacteria, setting the stage for genetically engineered human growth hormone
First to develop prenatal tests for sickle cell anemia and thalassemia
Discovery of prions, a unique type of infectious agent responsible for a variety of neurodegenerative
diseases (Nobel Prize in Medicine, Stanley B. Prusiner, 1997)
Development of catheter ablation therapy for tachycardia
Discovery of the molecular nature of telomeres Discovery that missing pulmonary surfactants
are responsible for the death of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome; first
to develop a synthetic substitute for it, reducing infant death rates significantly
The first care units for AIDS patients and pioneer work in treatment of AIDS
First to train pharmacists as drug therapy specialists
First university west of the Mississippi to offer a doctoral degree in nursing
First to develop an academic hospitalist program (and coined the term “hospitalist”) (Robert
M. Wachter) First high volume HIV counseling and testing
program at the UCSF Alliance Health Project First US medical school to offer an elective
for medical students to get academic credit for editing health-related articles on Wikipedia.
On June 5, 2015, surgeons at UCSF and California Pacific Medical Center successfully completed
18 surgeries in the nation’s first nine-way, two-day kidney transplant chain in a single
city.==Student life==
There are more than 180 registered campus organizations at UCSF. These groups and clubs
cover a broad range of interests, including educational, social, cultural, artistic, recreational,
political and spiritual. Every year, these organizations sponsor more than 1,200 activities
and events. The student government at UCSF consists of
the Graduate and Professional Student Association (GPSA), which serves the collective interests
of graduate and professional students. It aims at improving student life on a university
and system-wide level with dialogue, action, and activities between students, faculty,
and staff. It focuses on discussing University policy, informing constituents, advocating
student interests, fostering relationships between academic programs, strengthening connections
to better support students, and initiating actions and proposals,
Synapse is the student newspaper at UCSF. It was founded in 1957, and since 1997 the
newspaper has been both in print and online. In the fall 2015 the newspaper rebranded from
Synapse: The UCSF Newspaper to Synapse: UCSF Student Voices. The mission of Synapse is
to serve as the forum for the campus community, and it covers campus news and events, entertainment,
and restaurant reviews, and a wide range of feature stories, editorials, and weekly columns,
to the entire UCSF community. The newspaper focuses heavily on science and health, but
it also covers arts, national news, and opinion articles.UCSF students are eligible to become
University of California student regent, a position on the University of California Board
of Regents created by a 1974 California ballot proposition to represent University of California
students on the university system’s governing board. Student regents serve an approximately
one-year term as ‘student regent-designate’, followed by a one-year term as a full voting
member of the Regents. Virtually any UC student in good academic standing may apply to be
student regent. Traditionally, the position alternates between undergraduate and graduate
students as well as between the various UC campuses.==Notable people=====
Chancellors===John Bertrand deCusance Morant Saunders (1964–1966)
Willard Fleming (1966–1969) Philip Randolph Lee (1969–1972)
Francis A. Sooy (1972–1982) Julius R. Krevans (1982–1993)
Joseph B. Martin (1993–1997) Haile Debas (1997–1998)
J. Michael Bishop (1998–2009) Susan Desmond-Hellmann (2009–2014)
Sam Hawgood (2014–present)===Notable alumni and faculty===
Bruce Alberts, 2016 Albert Lasker Special Achievement Award for fundamental discoveries
in DNA replication and protein biochemistry, 2012 National Medal of Science
Andy Baldwin – bachelor for the tenth season of The Bachelor
J. Michael Bishop – former UCSF Chancellor. Nobel laureate in Medicine (1989), worked
to discover the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes
Elizabeth Blackburn, professor of biology and physiology at UCSF, Nobel laureate in
Medicine (2009), discoverer of the ribonucleoprotein enzyme, telomerase. Appointed a member of
the President’s Council on Bioethics in 2001 and fired in February 2004, reportedly for
her public disagreements and political differences with Council chair Leon Kass and the Bush
Administration, particularly on the issue of therapeutic cloning.
Herbert Boyer, National Medal of Science (1990) and Shaw prize 2004, cofounder of Genentech
Richard Carmona – former Surgeon General of the United States
Priscilla Chan – pediatrician, spouse of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg
John Clements, first to isolate pulmonary surfactant and to develop it artificially
Terence Coderre – Professor of Medicine and the Harold Griffith Chair in Anaesthesia
Research at McGill University Eric Coleman is an American geriatrician and
academic. His is currently a professor at the University of Colorado. His research concerns
care transitions. Coleman was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship in 2012.
Haile T. Debas, former UCSF Chancellor; former Dean, School of Medicine; founding Executive
Director, Department of Global Health Sciences Joseph DeRisi biochemist, specializing in
molecular biology, parasitology, genomics, virology, and computational biology, in 2004
was named a MacArthur fellow (the “Genius” award), in 2008 was awarded the 14th Annual
Heinz Award for Technology, the Economy, and Employment, and in 2014 he received the John
J. Carty Award for the Advancement of Science from the National Academy of Sciences, in
2016 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
Michael V. Drake – former University of California, Irvine Chancellor; former University
of California Vice President-Health Affairs; current president of Ohio State University
Laura J. Esserman, surgeon and breast cancer oncology specialist, named in TIME Magazine’s
100 most influential people in the world in 2016.
Paul Ekman, who showed that human emotional expressions were universal and developed the
Facial Action Coding System Richard Feachem, founding Executive Director
of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (2002–2007)
David E. Garfin, made significant contributions to electrophoresis in both the engineering
and biology communities. Diana E. Forsythe, anthropologist noted for
her work on artificial intelligence and medical informatics
Julie Gerberding – Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Stanton Glantz, regarded as the Ralph Nader of the anti-big-tobacco movement
Jere E. Goyan, former commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Walter S. Graf, cardiologist, pioneer in creation of emergency paramedic care system
Victoria Hale, both alumna and professor, founded the nonprofit pharmaceutical company
The Institute for OneWorld Health, 2006 MacArthur Fellow
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton, Hamilton studied the medical effects of exposure to radioactive
isotopes, which included the use of unsuspecting human subjects
Eva Harris, professor in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley,
and the founder and president of the Sustainable Sciences Institute. She focuses her research
efforts on combating diseases that primarily afflict people in developing nations, 1997
MacArthur Fellows Program Michael R. Harrison – developed the initial
techniques for fetal surgery and performed the first fetal surgery in 1981, and then
went on to establish the UCSF Fetal Treatment Center, which was the first of its kind in
the United States. Griffith R. Harsh – Vice Chair of the Stanford
Department of Neurosurgery and the Director of the Stanford Brain Tumor Center. He is
also the spouse of Meg Whitman. Ira Herskowitz, geneticist, noted for his
work on cellular differentiation, 1987 MacArthur Fellows Program
Julien Hoffman – professor emeritus of pediatrics; senior member of the Cardiovascular Research
Institute Wolfgang Holzgreve – pioneer in maternal-fetal
medicine, involved in the introduction of chorionic villus sampling and methods of non-invasive
prenatal testing Dorothy M. Horstmann (1911–2001), virologist
who made important discoveries about polio. Nola Hylton, radiologist and pioneer in the
use of Breast MRI Janet Iwasa, cell biologist and animator
David Julius worked on ion channels, Shaw prize in 2010
Sarah H. Kagan is an American gerontological nurse, and Lucy Walker Honorary Term Professor
of Gerontological Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania. She is a MacArthur Fellow.
Yuet Wai Kan, Lasker Award (1991) and Shaw Prize (2004)
Selna Kaplan – former professor of pediatrics; pediatric endocrinologist
Stuart Kauffman is an American medical doctor, theoretical biologist, and complex systems
researcher who studies the origin of life on Earth. He was a professor the University
of Chicago, University of Pennsylvania, and University of Calgary. He has a number of
awards including a MacArthur Fellowship and a Wiener Medal.
Uzma Khanum, sister of Pakistani Politician Imran Khan.
David Kessler – former dean of the UCSF School of Medicine and Yale University School
of Medicine, and former Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration in the Clinton
Administration Peter Kollman – developer of the AMBER force
field in molecular dynamics simulation and an internationally renowned computational
chemist Herbert Daniel Landahl, PhD, Professor Emeritus
of Biophysics and Mathematical Biology-Basic research in mathematical biophysics of the
central nervous system, cell division dynamics, population interactions, and control of insulin
bioynthesis. Arthur Lander, M.D. PhD Developmental biologist
at University of California, Irvine Jay A. Levy, who, along with Robert Gallo
at the National Cancer Institute and Luc Montagnier at the Pasteur Institute, was among the first
to identify and isolate HIV as the causative agent in AIDS
Richard Locksley, medical doctor, professor and researcher of infectious diseases at the
University of California, San Francisco Michael Marletta is currently Ch and Annie
Li Chair in the Molecular Biology of Diseases at the University of California, Berkeley.
1995 MacArthur Fellow. C. Cameron Macauley, photographer and film
producer Wendy Max, professor of Health Economics
Michael Merzenich, Professor emeritus neuroscientist – brain plasticity research, basic and clinical
sciences of hearing pioneer – CEO Scientific Learning, Posit Science
Thomas Novotny, former Assistant Surgeon General Dean Ornish, who first established that coronary
artery disease could be reversed with lifestyle changes alone, author of the few bestseller
books on the subject of healthy lifestyle choices
Laura Otis is an American historian of science, and Professor of English, at Emory University,
2000 MacArthur Fellows Program William W. Parmley – Former Editor of the
Journal of the American College of Cardiology and General Authority of The Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints Stanley Prusiner – Nobel laureate in Medicine
(1997), discovered and described prions Shuvo Roy, Inventor of artificial kidney
William Seeley, alumni, neurology professor at UCSFv, where he leads the Selective Vulnerability
Research Lab. He is a 2011 MacArthur Fellow. Steve Schroeder – Former CEO, Robert Wood
Johnson Foundation John Severinghaus – anesthesiologist & pioneer
of the carbon dioxide electrode used in the first arterial blood gas analyzer
Michelle Tam, creator of Nom Nom Paleo and James Beard Foundation Award nominated cookbook
author, blogger, and food writer Julie Theriot, microbiologist, professor at
the Stanford University School of Medicine, and heads the Theriot Lab. She was a Predoctoral
Fellow, and Investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 2004 MacArthur Fellows
Program Phillip Thygesson – ophthalmologist, trachoma
researcher, Thygesson Disease. Thea Tlsty, professor of pathology, known
for her research in cancer biology Kay Tye – neuroscientist
Harold Varmus – Nobel laureate in Medicine (1989), worked with J. Michael Bishop to discover
the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes. Also served as director of the National Institutes
of Health during the Clinton Administration, as president of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer
Center from 2000 to 2010, and currently as the director of the National Cancer Institute.
Paul Volberding, whose pioneering work in the early days of the AIDS pandemic was noted
in Randy Shilts’ book And the Band Played On
Robert M. Wachter, a prominent expert in patient safety, who coined the term hospitalist and
is considered the academic leader of the field of hospital medicine. Wachter is now chair
of UCSF’s Department of Medicine. Peter Walter molecular biologist and biochemist,
Shaw Prize (2014) and Lasker Award (2014) Ted Wong – United States Army Major General,
Chief of the U.S. Army Dental Corps (2011-2014) David A. Wood former head of the Cancer Research
Institute and former president of the American Cancer Society.
Ron Vale molecular motors particularly on kinesin and dynein, he has received the Lasker
Award (2012) and the Shaw Prize (2017)- Pablo DT Valenzuela – co-founder of the
American biotech company Chiron Corporation, the first Chilean biotech company Bios Chile,
and of Fundacion Ciencia para la Vida in Santiago Chile.
V. Sasisekharan, proposed an alternate model for the Watson-Crick double helix
Eric M. Verdin, MD – fifth President and Chief Executive Officer of the Buck Institute for
Research on Aging Rachel Wilson, professor of neurobiology at
Harvard Medical School, 2008 MacArthur Fellow Shinya Yamanaka, who developed for reprogramming
adult cells to pluripotential precursors, thus circumventing an approach in which embryos
would be destroyed. Yamanaka won Shaw prize in 2008 and the Nobel prize for Medicine in
2012