University of Bologna

University of Bologna

August 21, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The University of Bologna is a university
in Bologna, Italy, founded in 1088. As of 2013 the University’s crest carries
the motto Alma mater studiorum and the date A.D. 1088. The University has about 85,000 students in
its 23 schools. It has branch centres in Imola, Ravenna, Forlì,
Cesena and Rimini and a branch center abroad in Buenos Aires. It also has a school of excellence named Collegio
Superiore di Bologna. It is recognised as the oldest university
in continuous operation, considering that it was the first to use the term universitas
for the corporations of students and masters which came to define the institution. History The date of its founding is uncertain, but
believed by most accounts to have been 1088. The university received a charter from Frederick
I Barbarossa in 1158, but in the 19th century, a committee of historians led by Giosuè Carducci
traced the founding of the University back to 1088, which would make it the oldest continuously-operating
university in the world. The University arose around mutual aid societies
of foreign students called “nations” for protection against city laws which imposed collective
punishment on foreigners for the crimes and debts of their countrymen. These students then hired scholars from the
city to teach them. In time the various “nations” decided to form
a larger association, or universitas—thus, the university. The university grew to have a strong position
of collective bargaining with the city, since by then it derived significant revenue through
visiting foreign students, who would depart if they were not well treated. The foreign students in Bologna received greater
rights, and collective punishment was ended. There was also collective bargaining with
the scholars who served as professors at the university. By the initiation or threat of a student strike,
the students could enforce their demands as to the content of courses and the pay professors
would receive. University professors were hired, fired, and
had their pay determined by an elected council of two representatives from every student
“nation” which governed the institution, with the most important decisions requiring a majority
vote from all the students to ratify. The professors could also be fined if they
failed to finish classes on time, or complete course material by the end of the semester. A student committee, the “Denouncers of Professors”,
kept tabs on them and reported any misbehavior. Professors themselves were not powerless,
however, and formed a College of Teachers, and secured the rights to set examination
fees and degree requirements. Eventually, the city ended this arrangement,
paying professors from tax revenues, and making it a chartered public university. The university is historically notable for
its teaching of canon and civil law; indeed, it was set up in large part with the aim of
studying the Digest, a central text in Roman law, which had been rediscovered in Italy
in 1070, and the university was central in the development of medieval Roman law. Until modern times, the only degree granted
at that university was the doctorate. Organization Higher education processes are being harmonised
across the European Community. Nowadays the University offers 101 different
“Laurea” or “Laurea breve” first-level degrees, followed by 108 “Laurea specialistica” or
“Laurea magistrale” second-level degrees. However, other 11 courses have maintained
preceding rules of “Laurea specialistica a ciclo unico” or “Laurea magistrale a ciclo
unico”, with only one cycle of study of five years, except for medicine and dentistry which
requires six years of courses. After the “Laurea” one may attain 1st level
Master. After second-level degrees are attained, one
may proceed to 2nd level Master, specialisation schools, or doctorates of research. The 11 Schools are:
School of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine School of Economics, Management and Statistics
School of Engineering and Architecture School of Foreign Languages and Literature,
Interpretation and Translation School of Law
School of Letters and Cultural Heritage School of Medicine and Surgery
School of Pharmacy, Biotechnologies and Sport Sciences
School of Political Sciences School of Psychology and Education Sciences
School of Sciences The University is structured in 33 Departments,
organized by homogeneous research domains that integrate activities related to one or
more Faculty. The 33 Departments are:
Architecture – DA Cultural Heritage – DBC
Chemistry “Giacomo Ciamician” – CHIM Industrial Chemistry “Toso Montanari” – CHIMIND
the Arts – DARvipem Pharmacy and Biotechnology – FaBiT
Classical Philology and Italian Studies – FICLIT Philosophy and Communication Studies – FILCOM
Physics and Astronomy – DIFA Computer Science and Engineering – DISI
Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Materials Engineering – DICAM
Electrical, Electronic, and Information Engineering “Guglielmo Marconi” – DEI
Industrial Engineering – DIN Interpreting and Translation – DIT
Modern Languages, Literatures, and Cultures – LILEC
Mathematics – MAT Experimental medicine, Diagnostic medicine
and Specialty Medicine – DIMES Psychology – PSI
Agricultural Sciences – DipSA Management – DiSA
Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences – BiGeA
Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences – DIBINEM Education Studies “Giovanni Maria Bertin”
– EDU Agricultural and Food Sciences – DISTAL
Economics – DSE Legal Studies – DSG
Medical and Surgical Sciences – DIMEC Veterinary Medical Sciences – DIMEVET
Department for Life Quality Studies – QUVI Political and Social Sciences – SPS
Statistical Sciences “Paolo Fortunati” – STAT Sociology and Business Law – SDE
History and Cultures – DiSCi Affiliates and other institutions
In the early 1950s, some students of the University of Bologna were among the founders of the
review “il Mulino”. On April 25, 1951, the first issue of the
review was published in Bologna. In a short time, “il Mulino” became one of
the most interesting reference points in Italy for the political and cultural debate, and
established important editorial relationships in Italy and abroad. Editorial activities evolved along with the
review. In 1954, the il Mulino publishing house was
founded, which today represents one of the most relevant Italian publishers. In addition to this were initiated research
projects, that eventually led, in 1964, to the establishment of the Istituto Carlo Cattaneo. Notable people Alumni
Among the best-known people who have attended the University of Bologna are:
Popes Innocent IX, Alexander VI and Gregory XV
Italian political leader Pierluigi Bersani art critic Mazen Asfour
businessman Lorenzo Sassoli de Bianchi engineer Aldo Costa
managers Giovanni Consorte and Stefano Domenicali mathematician Carlo Severini
Guglielmo Marconi Faculty and staff
11th century Irnerius 12th century
Gratian Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem
Bulgarus Martinus Gosia
William of Tyre 13th century
Rambertino Buvalelli Paul, Dominican martyr
Bettisia Gozzadini William of Saliceto
Sylvester Gozzolini Guido Guinizelli
Benvenutus Scotivoli 14th century
Dante Alighieri Manuel Chrysoloras
Francesco Petrarca Coluccio Salutati 15th century
Leon Battista Alberti Nicolaus Copernicus
Albrecht Dürer Yuriy Drohobych
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola 16th century
Girolamo Cardano Giovanni Della Casa
Ignazio Danti Girolamo Maggi
Giovanni Antonio Magini Virgilio Malvezzi
Paracelsus Ulisse Aldrovandi
Camillo Baldi 17th century
Giovanni Cassini Marcello Malpighi
Pietro Mengoli 18th century
Laura Bassi Maria Gaetana Agnesi
Luigi Galvani Carlo Goldoni 19th century
Giosuè Carducci Giacomo Ciamician
Camillo Golgi Giovanni Pascoli
Pellegrino Rossi Augusto Righi 20th century
Guglielmo Marconi Umberto Eco
Pier Paolo Pasolini Romano Prodi 21st century
Pier Cesare Bori Hamida Barmaki
Özalp Babaoğlu World rankings
In 2010 QS World University Rankings ranked the University of Bologna 176th in the world,
and 32nd in the world for Law. On the 2009 THE–QS World University Rankings
list, the University of Bologna was ranked inside the top 200 for the third consecutive
year. In 2014, the Italian newspaper La Repubblica,
in collaboration with CENSIS, has awarded the University of Bologna the first place
in its academic ranking of Italian universities for the fifth time in a row. An overview of the THE-QS Rankings up to 2013:
Points of interest Orto Botanico dell’Università di Bologna
L’Orto Agrario “Filippo Re” See also
Collegio Superiore di Bologna Coimbra Group
Utrecht Network Bologna declaration
Bologna process List of Italian universities
Medieval university Bologna
List of medieval universities Notes and references External links
University of Bologna Website University of Bologna Website University of Bologna in Buenos Aires