University Challenge 2018/19 E17: St Peter’s – Oxford v Emmanuel – Cambridge

University Challenge 2018/19 E17: St Peter’s – Oxford v Emmanuel – Cambridge

November 8, 2019 63 By Stanley Isaacs


Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. APPLAUSE Hello. The hurly-burly
of the first round is done. 16 matches lost and won and out
of the 28 teams who qualified to compete for glory,
it’s the 14 winning teams plus the two survivors
from the play-offs who will continue to entertain us in the second round,
which starts tonight. Now, St Peter’s College, Oxford
had a bit of a walkover in their first-round match against
a rather Trappist team from Pembroke College, Cambridge, ending with a winning margin of
225 points to 50. St Peter’s had abundant opportunity
to flaunt their knowledge of the novels of Kazuo Ishiguro,
waterways named after explorers, and actors who didn’t turn up
to receive their Oscars. The St Peter’s team have an average
age of 25. Let’s meet them again. Hi, I’m James Hodgson, I’m from Uxbridge in West London, and I’m a graduate student
in statistics. Hello. I’m Seb Braddock, I’m from
Thonex in Geneva, Switzerland, and I’m reading for a BA in history. This is their captain. Hi, I’m Nick Williford from
Maynardville, Tennessee, and I’m reading
for a master’s in history. Hi, I’m Laura from Stockport,
Greater Manchester, and I’m studying
biological sciences. APPLAUSE Now, Emmanuel College, Cambridge
narrowly lost their first round match against Glasgow
University by 175 points to 200, but then had a convincing win
in their play-off against King’s College, London. Again, they won 235 to 140. On both occasions they’ve been
confident in what they do know and cheerfully indifferent
about what they don’t. Last time performing well
on female military leaders in ancient China
and the anatomy of fish. With an average age of 20,
let’s meet the Emmanuel team again. Hi, I’m Connor, I’m from
Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada and I study politics. Hi, I’m Vedanth Nair,
I’m from King’s Lynn in Norfolk and I do economics. This is their captain.
Hi, I’m Daniella Cugini. I’m from Warwick
and I’m studying English. Hi, I’m Ben Harris, I’m from Bath,
and I study geology. APPLAUSE Shall we just crack on with it?
Fingers on the buzzers. Here’s your first starter for ten. In the mid-1740s, engravings of illustrations by
the Dublin artist Susanna Drury brought what geological formation
to international notice, prompting Neptunist and vulcanist
theories of its origins? It’s located close to the town
of Bushmills in County Antrim. The Giant’s Causeway. Correct. APPLAUSE Right, the first bonuses are on
people born in the northern French town of Valenciennes. Born in 1684, which prominent
rococo artist’s works include The Music Party
and The Elysian Fields, both of them
in the Wallace Collection? Is that too late for Watteau? Could give it a shot. Watteau? Watteau is correct. Born around 1333, the chronicler Jean Froissart
wrote a lively account of which popular uprising? Notably, he took pains to outline
the egalitarian ideals of John Ball, one of its leaders. Peasants’ Revolt? Is it? Peasants’ Revolt. Correct. Yes! During the Fourth Crusade in 1204,
Count Baldwin of Flanders took part in the sack of which city, after which he was
elected Latin Emperor? Constantinople, yeah. Constantinople. Correct. APPLAUSE
Ten points for this. Gold-vermilion, couple-colour,
rose-moles and dapple-dawn-drawn are among hyphenated expressions
coined by which poet…? Thomas Hardy? No, but you lose five points. ..born in Essex in 1844? Is it Browning? No, it’s Gerard Manley Hopkins. Right, 10 points for this. In different branches of science, meanings of
what four-letter word include a device for transforming
chemical to electrical energy and the basic structural and
functional unit of an organism? Cell. Cell is correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on
the Scriblerus Club, an informal club of authors and
satirists of the early 18th century. Which Scriblerian’s works include the English texts of
Handel’s Acis and Galatea, the co-authorship of the stage
farce Three Hours After Marriage and in 1728, the libretto
of The Beggar’s Opera? Yeah, I think it’s Dryden.
Go with that? Yeah? Dryden? No, it’s John Gay. Secondly, a Scottish physician
and mathematician, which of the Scriblerians is credited with the creation
of the figure of John Bull? Any ideas? No idea. It’s John Arbuthnot. And finally, which Dublin-born
Scriblerian was the author of A Modest Proposal
and A Tale Of A Tub? Jonathan Swift. Correct.
APPLAUSE Ten points for this. Since 2010, Kabomani has been
recognised as a fifth species of which odd-toed ungulate mammal,
similar in shape to a pig? Found in tropical forests, they have
distinctive snouts that extend… Warthog. No, you lose five points. ..that extend into short,
fleshy proboscises. Capybara? No, they’re tapirs.
Ten points for this. What five-letter name connects the author of the 14th-century
English poem Confessio Amantis, an Area of Outstanding
Natural Beauty in West Glamorgan and an English cricketer who made
more than 8,000 test runs between 1978 and 1992? Dante? Peers. No, it’s Gower. OK, 10 points for this. After a ruminant mammal, what term denotes the type
of graphical convention in which upper case letters are used in the middle of a string
of lower case letters, particularly in proprietary
or commercial names? Camel text? I’ll accept that,
Camel case is correct, yes. Right, here are your bonuses. They’re on World Health Organization
lists of essential medicines published in 2017, which outlined
the minimum medicine needs for a basic health care system. Firstly, clofazimine, dapsone and
rifampicin appear in the WHO list with a recommendation to be used
as a combination therapy for treating what disease? Malaria? High blood pressure, maybe?
You could. I don’t know, it doesn’t sound…
Malaria. Go with that. Malaria? No, it’s leprosy. Secondly, which drug is listed both as a medicine for anxiety
disorders and as an anti-epileptic? I need the commonly used
generic name rather than any proprietary name. OK, so something like Prozac
or Xanax. Yeah. Those are the proprietary names.
Something to do with Xanax. Oh, clorazepam is an anti-anxiety
medicine. Clorazepam? No, it’s diazepam. Ah, damn it. And finally, three drugs are listed
as anti-migraine medications for the treatment of acute attacks. Two are paracetamol
and acetylsalicylic acid. What’s the other? So that’s paracetamol and aspirin,
maybe ibuprofen. Ibuprofen? Correct. Right, we’re going
to take a picture round. For your picture starter, we’ve spliced together the opening
lines of two sonnets to make a new pair of lines. For 10 points, name the two poets
whose work has been combined. Both sonnets were written
in the same decade. Wilfred Owen and Rupert Brooke. Anyone like to buzz from St Peter’s? Owen and Siegfried Sassoon. That’s correct.
We’ll see the whole thing now. APPLAUSE Sassoon is the first one.
Owen is the second. So you get the picture bonuses. They’re three more sonnet match-ups.
Again, in each case, I need the names of both the poets
whose works have been combined. Firstly, two sonnets
published 40 years apart. OK, 40 years apart, so…
What sort of era? Maybe mid-19th century. Sonnets? Browning and Brooks. No, it’s Milton and Dunn. Let’s see what they would look like. Secondly, two works published
12 years apart. I don’t know. No clue. No idea? They’re Christina Rossetti
and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Finally, two sonnets published
in the same decade. That’s Keats and Shelley. Yeah, OK,
cool, cool. Keats and Shelley. Correct. We’ll see them untangled. OK, 10 points for this. Which Nobel laureate is the subject
of The Pope Of Physics, a 2016 biography by Gino Segre
and Bettina Hoerlin? He gives his name to element
number 100 and along with… Fermi. Fermi is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are
on the year 1991 in feminism. Firstly, “After two decades of
radical action, do women feel free?” This is the opening question of
which 1991 book by Naomi Wolf? It discusses what Wolf calls “the last best belief system that
keeps male dominance intact”. I think that’s The Beauty Myth. I’ve read a book by Wolf.
The Beauty Myth? It is, yes. Subtitled The Undeclared War
On American Women, what is the single-word title of Susan Faludi’s work
of the same year? It examines the spread of the idea that feminism’s gains have led to
increased unhappiness for women. Er… Depression? Or Patriarchy. Patriarchy. No, it’s Backlash. Also in 1991, Kathleen Hanna published a manifesto for
which underground feminist movement known by a two-word term? The term is usually used more
narrowly to describe the music of bands
such as Hanna’s own Bikini Kill. Punk rock. Punk rock? No, it’s riot grrrl.
10 points for this. “My child, you are about
to become a great king. “Do not imitate my love of building,
nor my liking for war”. Which king said those words
to his…? Louis XIV. Correct. APPLAUSE You get three questions on
misreadings and mispronunciations. Firstly, for five points, in 2014,
a newsreader on Indian state TV made headlines for pronouncing
which world leader’s name as 11? I need the full name of
the political figure in question. Kim Jong-il? Kim Jong-il. No, it’s Xi Jinping. Understandable
in the circumstances, I suppose. 10 is a frequent misreading of the name of which Galilean moon
of Jupiter, named after a priestess
of Hera in Greek myth? Io? Io. Yeah. Is that a misreading?
It looks like the number 10. Io? Io is right. If in a quiz, for example, a person misread the regnal number
of an English king as III and the question referred to the
start of the Hundred Years’ War, what would the regnal name be? Henry? Yeah? Henry Ill? No, it would be Edward. Right, 10 points for this. From the name of an ancient southern
province of India, what term denotes a family of
languages spoken by more than 200
million people living… The Dravidians? Dravidian is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on
German Grand Duchies, Emmanuel. Firstly, Darmstadt
became the capital of which Grand Duchy in 1806? A present-day federal state of
the same name encompasses a wider territory,
including the city of Frankfurt. Schleswig-Holstein?
No, it’s Hesse. Of course, yes. Hesse? Hesse is correct. Secondly, for five points, what name precedes
Schwerin and Strelitz in the names of two Grand duchies created at the Congress of Vienna
in 1815? The historical region
in question is now part of a federal state
in north-eastern Germany. Mecklenburg. Correct. And finally, which former
Grand Duchy joined Wurttemberg after World War II to become
a federal state? Baden. Baden. Arden? Baden. Baden. Baden is correct. We’re going to take
a music round now. For your music starter,
you’ll hear a piece of jazz music. For 10 points, give me the name
of the artist singing. JAZZ MUSIC PLAYS, MAN SINGS SCAT Armstrong. Yes, it is Louis Armstrong. Yes. APPLAUSE That recording is often cited as one of the first examples
of scat singing. Your music bonuses
are three more examples. Again, name the singer
for five points. Firstly… WOMAN SINGS SCAT Is that Ella Fitzgerald?
Ella Fitzgerald? That’s correct. Secondly… WOMAN SINGS SCAT Does Billie Holiday sound…?
I was going to say that. Billie Holiday? No, that’s Sarah Vaughan,
Shulie-A-Bop. And finally… # I ain’t got nobody # And nobody cares for me… # It’s not Miles Davis? Miles Davis? Miles Davis? No, it’s Sammy Davis
Jr. 10 points for this. Following his experiments
at Columbia University during the 1940s, the biochemist
Erwin Chargaff gives his name to parity rules concerning the
composition of what macro molecule? DNA. Correct. APPLAUSE So, St Peter’s, your bonuses are
on the architect David Adjaye. In 2013, Adjaye began work on a new National Museum
On Slavery And Freedom at Cape Coast Castle
in which African country? Sierra Leone. No, it’s Ghana. Adjaye’s notable residential
projects include affordable housing in which New York neighbourhood, once the hub of
the Harlem Renaissance? The area gives it’s two-word name
to a hip-hop group and a record company. Washington Heights. No, it’s Sugar Hill. And finally, designed by Adjaye,
the National Museum of African American History and Culture
in Washington DC became the newest edition to which museum
group when it opened in 2016? The Smithsonian. Correct. 10 points for this. The Act of Parliament known as
Titulus Regius was passed to support the right to
the English throne of which King? It declared as illegitimate
the issue of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. Richard III. Correct. These bonuses are on astrophysics. On 17 August 2017, two detectors
picked up gravitational waves from the collision of
what objects in the galaxy about 130 million light years away? Supermassive black holes. Just, I think 60% black holes… Black holes. No, it’s neutron stars. The simultaneous detection of
high-energy photons from the same source confirmed that
colliding neutron stars are responsible for a subset of
what phenomena, abbreviated as GRB? Gamma-ray bursts.
Gamma-ray bursts. Correct. The afterglow of
the explosion was picked up in visible light and other wavelengths, showing that such events distribute
heavy elements into space. This afterglow is known by what term
that includes an SI prefix? THEY WHISPER Joules? Do we have a clue? I’m afraid we don’t know. It is kilonova.
Right, 10 points for this. Windy is an epithet given to
which Commonwealth capital, situated on a sea passage that forms
a gap between mountains, it is home to the National Museum
known as Te Papa Tongarewa… Wellington. Wellington is correct. You get a set of bonuses on the poet
and playwright Dorothy Coade Hewett. The Man From Mukinupin is one of
Hewett’s many plays to be set in which country,
her birthplace in 1923? Just guess. Canada. No, it’s Australia. What is
the title of Hewett’s play of 1971 based around the life of
a character named Sally Banner? The title refers to
a scene featuring Sir Lancelot in Mallory’s Le Morte d’Arthur. No idea. It is The Chapel Perilous. And finally, Hewett’s early play
This Old Man Comes Rolling Home is set in the suburb of Redfern,
in which Australian city? THEY WHISPER Melbourne. No, it’s Sydney. 10 points for this. First bestowed in 1818, what
two-word title is held by the Imam of the Ismaili Nizari sect, it’s… The Aga Khan. The Aga Khan is correct. Your bonuses are on British Prime
Ministers and their published works. Firstly, which future Prime Minister
was the author of A Defence Of Philosophic Doubt,
published in 1879? It could be… Well, if it is future… It’s a bit too… I know Disraeli… No, no. Salisbury maybe? Yeah.
Salisbury. No, it was Arthur Balfour. Also published before
he became Prime Minister, whose works include Maxton, John Smith and Where There Is Greed. THEY CONFER Is it…? Try…Ramsay MacDonald. Ramsay MacDonald. Ramsay MacDonald on John Smith,
that’s interesting. No, it is Gordon Brown. Finally, who published Music: A Joy
For Life two years after his period as Prime Minister ended? Tony Blair? Erm, I don’t… Try Ted Heath. No, no, Ted Heath. Ted Heath. It was Sir Edward Heath, yes.
10 points for this. The Himalia and the Amalthea
are groupings of the satellites of which planet? Its four largest moons
were discovered early in the 17th century. Jupiter. Jupiter is correct. Your bonuses are on chemistry. In each case give the formula
of the named chemical, for example table salt
would be NACL. First, chloroform,
or trichloroemethane. CHCL3. CHCL3. Correct. Secondly, naphthalene. C10H8. C10H8. Correct. Finally, hydrogen cyanide or
prussic acid. HCN. HCN. Correct. We’re going to take
another picture round now. You will see a photograph of
an athlete, 10 points if you can give
me his name. Roger Bannister. It was Roger Bannister, yes. That was taken when Bannister broke
the four-minute mile in Oxford in 1954. Your picture bonuses,
three more athletes who have broken significant barriers in their
discipline as ratified by the IAAF. Five points for each
athlete you can name. Firstly I want the name of
the athlete in the middle here. THEY CONFER We can’t remember. That’s Tommy Smith who was the first
to run 200m in under 20 seconds. Secondly… Florence Griffith Joyner. That’s correct. Flo-Jo, the first woman to run
100 metres in under 10.5 seconds. And finally. Jesse Owens. The first long jump
over eight metres in Berlin. Right, 10 points for this. In 1888, his final lucid year, which German thinker wrote,
The Case Of…? Nietzsche. Correct. Three questions on recent winners
of the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language film for you. Which country won the Oscar for
the 2007 film The Counterfeiters and the 2012 film, Amour. THEY WHISPER That’s… I know.
It’s not a Spanish word… No, I know it’s French, but I think
the director may be Spanish. Spain. No, it’s Austria. Secondly, which film directed
by Paolo Sorrentino starred Tony Servillo as the 65-year-old
journalist Jep Gambardella? Spotlight. That was The Great Beauty,
or La Grande Bellezza. Finally, what nationality is
Asghar Farhadi, the director of the Oscar-winning films
A Separation and The Salesman? Iranian. Yeah, try that. Iranian. Iranian is right.
10 points for this. Answer as soon as your name
is called. What multiple of pi is
within 100 of the integer 22? Seven pi. Seven is correct, yes. These bonuses are
on reverse chronology, Emmanuel. Based on an earlier play,
which musical by Stephen Sondheim and George Furth starts
in 1976 and ends in 1957? It was unsuccessful in
its first Broadway run in 1981. I think it’s Follies. Follies. No, it’s Merrily We Roll Along. Secondly, which 1978 play by Harold
Pinter uses reverse chronology to chart the nine-year-long love
affair between Emma and Jerry? There is The Birthday Party,
there’s… The Birthday Party. No, it’s Betrayal. Concerning a trip to India for
Sue Ellen Mischke’s wedding, The Betrayal was a backwards episode
in 1997 of which US sitcom? OK. It’s not Friends, is it? No. Frasier? Try Frasier. Frasier. No, it was Seinfeld. Ah. Three and a half minutes to go,
10 points for this. Which major British river is formed
by the confluence of Daer Water and Potrail Water, not far from Beattock Summit
on the West Coast Main Line? Severn? No, anyone want to buzz
from St Peter’s? The Trent. No, it’s the Clyde.
10 points for this. The subject of a successful
private prosecution for obscenity in 1967, which cult novel
by Hubert Selby Jr… Last Exit To Brooklyn. Correct. You get a set of bonuses
on Asian dog breeds. Distinguished by
its loose wrinkled skin, which Chinese breed of dog has a
name that translates as sandy coat? Shar Pei. Shar Pei. Correct. What breed is the dog Hachiko, regarded in Japanese culture as
an exemplar of fidelity? It’s story formed the basis of
the 2009 film starring Richard Gere. No clue. It’s an Akita, apparently. Noted for its long silky hair, which breed was formerly known
as the Lhasa Lion Dog? The Lhasa Apso. No, it’s a Shih Tzu.
Great, 10 points for this. Which household object gives
its name to a test developed in 1970 by the psychologist
Gordon Gallup Jr that gauges the self-awareness of animals? Mirror. Mirror is right, yes. You get three questions on last
lines in dystopian fiction. Adapted into a film in 1990
and a television series in 2017, which dystopian novel 1985 ends with
the line, “Are there any questions?” Handmaid’s Tale. Correct. Preceding the appendix on Newspeak, what four-word sentence ends
George Orwell’s 1984? “He loved Big Brother.” Yes. “He loved Big Brother.” Correct. In a chapter omitted
from the first US edition, which novel of 1962 ends with
the words, “You, O my brothers, “remember sometimes thy little Alex
that was. Amen. And all that cal.” Oh, that’ll be Clockwork Orange. A Clockwork Orange. Correct. 10 points for this. “Ours is essentially a tragic age,
so we refused to take a tragically.” These are the opening words
of which novel, first published in Florence in 1928? I will tell you,
it’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover. 10 points for this. Which country shares
a short frontier with China, along the Wakhan Corridor, a… India. No, you lose five points. ..a narrow strip of land demarcated
in the 1890s… Afghanistan. Correct. You get a set of bonuses, this time on national flags. According to legend, which country’s
flag fell from heaven in 1219… Denmark. Denmark is correct. Which single colour formed
the entire national flag of Libya from 1973…? Green. Green is correct. Diagonally divided into yellow
and orange-red triangles, which kingdom’s national flag has
a white dragon in its centre? Bhutan. Bhutan is correct.
10 points for this. Marvellous Merchiston was an epithet
given to which Scottish polymath, born in 1550? His birthplace… GONG SOUNDS And at the gong,
St Peter’s College, Oxford have 120, Emmanuel College, Cambridge
have 195. Well, St Peter’s, you never
really got a chance to hit your stride, did you? But thank you very much
for joining us. We are going to have to say
goodbye to you. Emmanuel, many congratulations. You survived under the
tried-and-trusted method of losing your first match,
so congratulations. I hope you can join us next time
for another second-round match, but until then it’s goodbye
from St Peter’s College, Oxford… Goodbye. It’s goodbye from
Emmanuel College, Cambridge… Goodbye. And it’s goodbye from me.
Goodbye. APPLAUSE