University Challenge 2018/19 E11. St Peter’s – Oxford v Pembroke – Cambridge

University Challenge 2018/19 E11. St Peter’s – Oxford v Pembroke – Cambridge

October 29, 2019 74 By Stanley Isaacs


APPLAUSE University Challenge. Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. Hello. One of Oxford’s newest colleges
plays one of Cambridge’s more ancient tonight, with a place in the second
round for whichever of them can knock more metaphorical stuffing
out of the other. The winners get to come back and do
it all over again in round two. St Peter’s College, Oxford, was founded in 1929 by the Bishop
of Liverpool, Francis Chavasse, with the aim of providing a low-cost
education for promising students of limited means. It became a full college
of the university in 1961. Alumni include the film
director Kim Loach, the food broadcaster and campaigner
Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Bishop Libby Lane, and
the Reverend W Awdry, the creator of Thomas
the Tank Engine. Its student numbers now
stand at around 470, and the team playing on their behalf have
an average age of 25. Let’s meet them. Hi, I’m James Hodgson. I’m from Uxbridge in West London,
and I’m a graduate student in Statistics. Hello. I’m Seb Braddock from
Geneva, Switzerland. I’m reading for the last year
of my BA in History. This is their captain. Hello, I’m Nick Williford from
Maynardville, Tennessee, and I am reading for a Masters
in British and European History. Hi, I’m Laura Cooper
from Stockport, Greater Manchester, and I’m studying
Biological Sciences. Pembroke College, Cambridge,
was established shortly before the last Ice Age, when Edward III granted Marie de St
Pol, Countess of Pembroke, a licence for its foundation. It claims to be Cambridge’s
oldest college to survive on its original site
and alumni include Pitt the Younger, the poets Thomas Gray and Ted Hughes,
and the actors Tom Hiddleston and Naomie Harris. Representing a student
population of 700, and with an average age of 21, let’s meet the Pembroke team. Hi, I’m Dan James. I’m from Bedford,
and I’m studying Earth Sciences. Hi, I’m Joe Kiernan.
I’m from Philadelphia, and I’m reading for an MPhil in
International Relations and
Politics. And their captain. Hi, I’m Anki Deo. I’m from Hampton
in south-west London, and I’m studying Linguistics. Hi, I’m Jamie Bamber. I’m from Cambridge,
and I’m studying Physics. Excellent. Well, the rules you all know,
so let’s just get on with it. Fingers on the buzzers.
Here’s your first starter for ten. On the 4th of June 1917, Laura E
Richards, Jean Jules Jusserand and Herbert Swope were among
the first recipients of which awards, winning in the categories
of biography, history, and journalism respectively? The Pulitzer Prize. Correct. Your first set of bonuses
are on German literature, St Peter’s. A 1945 novel by the Austrian author
Hermann Broch recreates the final 18 hours of which Roman
poet, who died at Brundisium in 19 BCE? Ovid. No, he died in Eastern Europe. It’s Virgil. Secondly, a play of 1835
by Georg Buchner concerns the death of which French revolutionary
leader executed in 1794, a few months before
Robespierre? Pass. That was Georges Danton. And finally, the author Gustaf von
Aschenbach succumbs to cholera in which 1912 novella
by Thomas Mann? Death in Venice. Correct.
Ten points for this. What three letters begin the names
of all of the following – firstly, the second-largest
island in the Philippines, secondly, a national capital midway
between Riga and Kiev, and thirdly, the US state known
as The Land of 10,000 Lakes? M-I-N, Min. Indeed. Mindanao, Minsk, and Minnesota. Your bonuses are on the solar
system, Pembroke College. What toroidal distribution
of objects includes the dwarf planets Makemake, Haumea,
and Pluto, stretching from about 30 to 50
astronomical units from the sun? It’s named after a Dutch scientist born in 1905. Kuiper belt. Correct. What two-word name is given
to the distribution of objects that includes Eris and Sedna? These tend to have more elongated
and inclined orbits than those in the Kuiper belt. The Oort cloud. No, they’re scattered disc. Also named after a Dutch astronomer, what distribution of objects
stretches to tens of thousands of astronomical units? It’s hypothesized to be the origin
of most long-period comets. The Oort cloud. That is the Oort cloud, yes. Ten points for this. In 1878, which American-born artist
brought a libel suit against the critic John Ruskin? Whistler. Whistler is right, yes. You get a set of bonuses
on insults in Shakespeare. Which of Shakespeare’s
less frequently performed plays concerns the power of money
and includes the line, “Would thou were
clean enough to spit on”? Love’s Labour’s Lost.
No, it’s Timon Of Athens. “You starveling, you elf-skin,
you dried neat’s tongue, “you bull’s pizzle,
you stock-fish. “Oh, for breath to utter
what it is like thee! “You tailor’s-yard,
you sheath. “You bowcase,
you vile standing-tuck.” This litany of insults is delivered
by Falstaff in which play? The Merry Wives of Windsor. No, it’s Henry IV, Part 1. Described as a “deformed
and scurrilous Greek”, Thersites appears in which play? He addresses Ajax with the words,
“Thou sodden-witted lord, “thou has no more brain
than I have in mine elbows”? Pericles. That’s Troilus and Cressida. Ten points for this. In nuclear physics, the numbers 2, 8, 20, 28, 50, and 82
are among those known by what name? Nuclei
with these numbers of protons or neutrons are particularly stable. Golden numbers. No, anyone want to buzz
from St Peter’s? You may not confer.
One of you can buzz. They are magic numbers. Ten points for this. Published in 2017,
the memoir I Am, I Am, I Am, is an account
of which author’s 17… Maggie Farrell. Maggie O’Farrell,
yes, that’s correct. Your bonuses are on the life
sciences now, St Peter’s. In each case, identify the person
who wrote the following. First, “It was because chimps
are so eye-catching, “so like us, that my work
was recognised worldwide. Jane Goodall. Correct. Secondly, “Over increasingly
large areas of the United States, “spring now comes unheralded
by the return of the birds, “and the early mornings
are strangely silent…” Rachel Carson.
Correct. And finally, “Conclusion – big
helix in several chains, “phosphates on outside.” James Watson. No, it’s Rosalind Franklin. We’re going to take a picture
round now. For your picture starter,
you’re going to see part of the melody of a well-known
nursery rhyme in musical notation, written in the key of C. Ten points if you can give me
the usual five-word name of the nursery rhyme. My Fair Lady. London Bridge is Falling Down. Correct. So, you get the picture
bonuses, Pembroke. They are more opening melodies
for three well-known and somewhat macabre nursery rhymes. Again, all in the key of C. Five points for each
song you can name. Firstly… Ring A Ring O’ Roses. No, that’s Oranges And Lemons. Secondly… Hush-a-Bye Baby. Yes, it’s usually known
as Rock-a-Bye Baby, but that is another
recognised title. And finally, this song,
thought to be French-Canadian in origin. Alouette. Alouette, indeed. All about dismembering a bird. Another starter question. A 1968 work by Bevis Hillier
popularized which two-word term for an early-20th-century movement
in architecture and design? Also called Jazz Age
and… Art Deco. Art Deco is correct.
Yes. You get three bonuses,
Pembroke, on the Kinks, the English rock
band, that is. Firstly, the two-word title
of which single by The Kinks may be expressed as the season
of mists and mellow fruitfulness followed by an annual publication,
for example Wisden. THEY CONFER Autumn Periodical. No, it’s Autumn Almanac. I can’t accept that, I’m afraid. Ancient history, anyway. Which 1967 single by The Kinks
mentions two people whose names recall those of leading
actors in John Schlesinger’s film adaptation of
Far From The Madding Crowd? Terry and Julie…? Waterloo Sunset. Indeed, yes, Terry and Julie. And finally, the one-word title
of which single by The Kinks shares its final three letters
with the names of two types of conic section? If it’s parabola, then it’s Lola… Lola. Lola is correct, yes.
All right. Ten points for this. In group 15 of the periodic
table, what metalloid is the only chemical element
whose English name begins with the letter a, but… Aluminium. I’m afraid you lose five points. ..but whose symbol does not? One of you buzz from
St Peter’s, quickly. Antimony. Antimony is correct, yes. Your bonuses are on literary works
that have formed the basis of operas by more than one composer. Give the shared title in each case. Firstly, operas by Paisiello and
Rossini adapted from the same French play of the 1770s. I designate Braddock. The Marriage Of Figaro. No, it’s The Barber Of Seville. Secondly, operas by Puccini
and Leoncavallo, both written in the 1890s and based on a work by
the French novelist Henri Murger. THEY CONFER QUIETLY Madama Butterfly. No, it’s La Boheme. Finally, operas by Verdi
and Ernest Bloch after the same work by Shakespeare. Othello. No, it’s Macbeth.
Ten points for this. In the titles of works by Norman Mailer, Jared Diamond, and Bertrand Russell,
what interrogative word links “in Vietnam is sex fun?” and “I am not a Christian”? Why.
Why is correct. These bonuses, St Peter’s,
are on medieval princesses. Firstly, described as a wise
counsellor and a peacemaker, Joan, the wife of Llywelyn
the Great of Gwynedd was an illegitimate daughter
of which English King? Edward I. No, it was John. In 1221, Joan,
the sister of Henry III, married which ruler, who succeeded
William the Lion as King of Scots in 1214? Alexander I. No, it was Alexander II. And finally, Joan of the Tower,
the consort of David II of Scotland,
was a daughter of which English king, the grandson of Henry
III? Edward III. No, it’s Edward II. Ten points for this.
Which German composer died in February 1883, having spent
the winter in Venice just over a year after the
completion of his final opera,
Parsifal? Wagner. Wagner is right. You get a set of bonuses,
St Peter’s, on organic chemistry. Naphthalene and pyridine
are examples of what general class of hydrocarbon, named
on account of the fragrant odours that some of them possess? Aromatic. Correct. Also known as methylbenzene,
which aromatic compound has the formula C6H5CH3? It’s widely used in the manufacture
of industrial chemicals. Pass. It’s toluene. And finally, the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon, benzene,
is used in the manufacture of which polymer? It has the recycling code #6 PS. Polystyrene. Polystyrene is correct. Right, we are going to take
a music round now. For your music starter,
you will hear the voice of a composer and conductor introducing
a piece of classical music. Ten points if you can
give me his name. My dear young friends,
music has lots of different… Leonard Bernstein. It is Leonard Bernstein, yes. Introducing the Carnival
Of The Animals. So, 2018 marks the centenary
of Leonard Bernstein’s birth, and your music bonuses are three
more of his recordings. In each case, conducting the work
of another composer. Five points for each
composer you can name. Firstly… UP-TEMPO, JAZZY CLASSICAL MUSIC Gershwin. It is Gershwin’s An American In
Paris. Secondly… SLOW, ATMOSPHERIC MUSIC We don’t know, sorry. That’s Charles Ives,
The Unanswered Question. And finally… DRAMATIC ORCHESTRAL MUSIC Mahler. It is Mahler.
It is part of his 5th
Symphony. And Bernstein was said to have been buried with the score
of that symphony over his heart. Right, another starter
question. Part of the cobra family,
the genus Dendroaspis consists of venomous
snakes with what five-letter common name? Viper. No, I’m afraid you lose five
points. Species include Jameson’s, East
African, green, and black. Mamba. Mamba is correct. Your bonuses, St Peter’s, are on European place names. In each case, give the city
from the description. All three begin with
the same two letters, ignoring
accents and diacritical marks. Firstly, a small city in Tuscany,
the birthplace of the composers Puccini and Boccherini and noted for its well-preserved city walls. Siena. No, it’s Lucca. Secondly, a Hanseatic city
south-east of Hamburg, it gives its name to the heath
on which Montgomery received the German surrender in May 1945. Lubeck. No, it’s Luneburg. and finally, a small city in the
Ticino canton of Switzerland, in 1956, it hosted the first
Eurovision Song Contest. I designate Braddock. Lugano.
Lugano is correct. Another starter question. In 1961, the US biochemist
Melvin Calvin received the Nobel Prize for his
discovery of the chemical pathways in what process? It’s been described as… Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is correct, yes. You get bonuses on the cranial
nerves of the human body. Firstly, the Latin word
for “wandering” is the origin of what name for the tenth
cranial nerve? Vagus…? Anything better? The vagus nerve. Correct. Acting on the superior
oblique muscle of the eye, what name means “pulley-like”
in Latin, and is given to the fourth cranial nerve? The occipital nerve. No, it’s the trochlear. And referring to its division
into three branches, what name is given
to the fifth cranial nerve? Trigeminal. Triginial. Trigeminal, which I think
was what you were told. But, that isn’t what
you said, unfortunately. Right, ten points for this. In industrial chemistry,
what term is used for the process in which heat or catalysts
are used to break down long-chain hydrocarbons
into simpler… Uh…no, I don’t… Sorry, if you buzz, you must answer. So you are going to have
to lose five points, I’m afraid, because it was
a technical interruption. Long-chain hydrocarbons
into simpler molecules. Anyone want to buzz from St Peter’s? Cracking. Cracking is correct, yes. Three questions for you on
waterways named after explorers, St Peter’s. Linking the Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans, the Strait of Magellan
lies almost entirely within the territorial
waters of which country? Argentina. No, it’s Chile. Named after a Spanish mariner,
the Torres Strait lies between
Australia and which island nation? Papua New Guinea. Correct. Named after a Danish navigator,
the Bering Strait separates which two countries? Russia and the United States. Correct.
We’re going to take a picture round. For your picture starter, you will see a photograph
of an actress. Ten points if you can
give me her name. Lauren Bacall. Sorry…
Katharine Hepburn. It was Katharine Hepburn, yes. Right, she won four Academy Awards
for Best Actress without ever attending an Oscar
ceremony to receive them. Your picture bonuses are three
more Oscar-winning no-shows. Five points for each
one you can name. Firstly… Joan Collins. It’s not Joan Collins!
Joan Crawford! Joan Crawford, I’m sorry. As you can see, in 1946, she
arranged a photoshoot in her bed after learning she’d won. Secondly… George C Scott. It is George C Scott. He called the Oscars
“a two-hour meat parade”. And finally, who’s this? Elizabeth Taylor. It is Elizabeth Taylor. That was for Who’s Afraid Of
Virginia Woolf? Right, ten points for this. Answer as soon as
your name is called. Using standard dictionary spellings,
how many sets of double letters occur in the sentence,
“This bizarre committee “is a perennial embarrassment.”? Four. Anyone like to buzz
from St Peter’s? Three. No, it’s seven. All right, ten points for this. A little smaller than Scotland,
the territory of the Navajo Nation is located partly in Utah
and principally in which… Arizona. Well, I haven’t finished
reading the question, you buzzed in too soon.
You’re going to lose five points. In which two other US states? Arizona and New Mexico. Correct. So your bonuses are on the novels
of the Nobel laureate Kazuo Ishiguro. In each case, name the novel
from a partial list of its characters. Firstly, Mr Stevens, Miss Kenton, and Lord Darlington. Remains Of The Day.
Remains Of The Day. Correct. Secondly, Axl, Beatrice,
Querig, and Sir Gawain. The Buried Giant.
The Buried Giant. Correct. Finally, Kathy, Ruth,
Tommy, and Miss Lucy. Never Let Me Go.
Never Let Me Go. Correct. Ten points for this. Born in 1857, which US astronomer gives his name both to a small
galaxy close to the Milky Way… Hubble. No, I’m afraid you lose five points. ..and to a red dwarf star only six
light years from the sun? I’ll tell you, it’s Edward Bernard.
Ten points for this. In Norse mythology, which offspring of Loki was bound
to a rock by the gods, and bit off the arm of the sky god Tyr? He takes the form
of a monstrous wolf. Fafnir. Anyone want to buzz from St Peter’s? Is it Fenrir? It is Fenrir, yes. You get a set of bonuses
on the England cricket captain, Heather Knight. Firstly, in 2011, Knight
made her international Test debut against Australia at the
Bankstown Oval in which city? Brisbane. No, it’s Sydney. Against which South Asian team
did Knight score a 50 and take five wickets in a one-day international,
becoming the first woman to do so? Pakistan. It was Pakistan. Knight became captain in 2016,
following the retirement of which team-mate,
who had been playing for England since 1996? We don’t know.
Charlotte Edwards. There’s two minutes to go,
and there’s ten points for this. The wealthy Pollitt family,
headed by Big Daddy, and including his son Brick and daughter-in-law
Maggie, are characters in which Pulitzer prize-winning play
by Tennessee Williams? Cat On A Hot Tin Roof. Correct. These bonuses are on
biology, now, Pembroke. Which organelles contain
numerous acid optima hydrolases and digest material
taken in by endocytosis? Nominate Kiernan. Lysosomes.
Correct. Lysozyme is a bacteriolytic enzyme
found in some body fluids. What polymer in the bacterial
cell wall is hydrolysed by this enzyme? Come on. Glycopeptin. It’s peptidoglycan. The other way around. So, I can’t accept that. When lysozyme N-acetyl
hydrolyses peptidoglycan, it produces muramic acid and
which other amino sugar? Nominate Bamber. Uh, glycomate. No, it’s N-acetylglucosamine. Ten points for this. Consider the single-word English
names of the countries that share land borders with South Africa. When placed in alphabetical order,
which one comes last? Swaziland. Anyone want to buzz from St Peter’s? Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe, of course, yes. Right, so you’ll get a set
of bonuses on poetry anthologies. What is the title of Penguin’s
best-selling 1967 anthology of the Liverpool poets
Adrian Henri, Roger McGough, and Brian Patten? Mersey Beat. No, it’s The Mersey Sound. Which poet and critic
is now chiefly remembered for compiling and editing
the 1861 anthology, A Golden Treasury… GONG And at the gong, Pembroke College,
Cambridge have 50. St Peter’s College, Oxford have 225. Well, you started well, Pembroke. But we haven’t heard much
from you for the last ten minutes, sadly, I wish we’d heard more,
but thank you very much
for joining us. St Peter’s, 225.
Terrific performance. Look forward to seeing you in the
next stage of the competition. I hope you can join us next time
for another first-round match, but until then, it’s goodbye
from Pembroke College, Cambridge… ALL: Bye. Goodbye from St Peter’s College,
Oxford. ALL: Bye. And it’s goodbye from me.
Goodbye.