University Challenge · Christmas 2017, Episode :10  The Grand Final

University Challenge · Christmas 2017, Episode :10 The Grand Final

October 18, 2019 44 By Stanley Isaacs

APPLAUSE Christmas University Challenge. Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. Hello. Tonight is the climax
of our Christmas competition for people who are old enough
to know better. 14 teams of alumni
from British universities have generously given up their time to compete for nothing more
than the glory of their alma maters and a glass of whatever beer
is on offer at our local discount warehouse. Now only the best two remain. They are the team from
Keble College, Oxford, firstly, who swept past Durham University
in the first round before coming up against
tougher opposition from St John’s College, Cambridge,
in the semifinals. Their knowledge of the writers
Michael Bond and Edith Wharton saw them through
with a score of 160 to 105. Representing Keble again, one of the country’s foremost
economics experts, an award-winning
novelist and screenwriter. Their captain is a comedian,
writer and actor and their fourth member supports
women who want to work in science. Let’s meet the Keble College team
again. Hello, I’m Paul Johnson. I graduated with a degree in PPE
in 1988 and I’m now Director
of the Institute for Fiscal Studies. Hello, I’m Frank Cottrell-Boyce. I graduated from Keble in 1986
with a DPhil in English literature and now I’m a children’s writer. And this is their captain. Hi, I’m Katy Brand.
I’m a writer, actor and comedian and I graduated with a degree
in theology in 2000. Hi, I’m Anne-Marie Imafidon. I read maths and computer science
up until 2010 at Keble and now I run social enterprise
Stemettes. APPLAUSE Now, playing them
is the team from Reading, who saw off Brunel University London
in round one, before squeaking past University
College London in the semifinals. They were strong on feminism
and on UNESCO World Heritage Sites, but it was their knowledge of bran that won them the match on the gong. Playing again tonight
are an evolutionary anthropologist, an expert in human relationships, a presenter on the BBC’s
Autumnwatch and Springwatch. Their captain is a politician
and women’s rights activist and their fourth member is
a bestselling gardening writer and broadcaster. Let’s meet the team
from Reading University again. Hello, I’m an Anna Machin. I gained a degree,
a PhD in archaeology, from the University of Reading
in 2006, and today, I’m an academic,
science writer and broadcaster. Hello, I’m Martin Hughes-Games. I got a degree in zoology
back in 1978. I’m now a keen motorcyclist
and sometime wildlife presenter. And this is their captain. Hello, I’m Sophie Walker. I graduated in 1993
in French and English. I was a reporter,
a disability rights activist and now I lead Britain’s newest
political party, the Women’s Equality Party. And I’m Pippa Greenwood. I got my masters degree
from Reading in crop protection, back in the 1980s, and I’m now
a gardening writer and broadcaster. APPLAUSE OK, you all know the rules,
so let’s just get on with it. Ten points at stake for this starter
question. Fingers on the buzzers. Listen to the quotation and answer
the question that follows. Quote, “Being saturated and satiated
with emotion and sensation, “I went to bed and slept the sleep
of the saved and thankful.” To which event of December, 1941, do those words
of Winston Churchill refer? The Battle of Britain? No. Dunkirk? No, it’s the attack
on Pearl Harbor. So, ten points
for this starter question. From the French for “dawn”, what six-letter word means a poem
or piece of music appropriate to the early morning? Aubade. Aubade is correct. APPLAUSE The first bonuses, Keble,
are on New Year’s traditions. Firstly, for five points, traditionally eaten at New Year
in the southern US, Hoppin’ John is a dish
made from rice and what type of bean,
a subspecies of the cowpea? THEY CONFER Is it black-eyed peas? Correct. Year-crossing noodles is
a traditional Japanese New Year dish of which thin buckwheat noodles? They are said to symbolise
resilience and longevity. THEY CONFER Ramen? No, they’re soba noodles. And finally, in Greece, which fruit is traditionally broken
on the doorstep to welcome the New Year, thought to
be in reference to an ancient myth? THEY CONFER Pomegranate? Correct.
Ten points for this. Cilurnum and Congabata are
among locations on or near which major structure
in Britain? The former location
is often known as Chesters, while the latter overlooks
the Solway Firth. Is it Hadrian’s Wall? It is. APPLAUSE Your bonuses, Keble,
are on snobbery and the words of the author
Rosemary Hill. Quote, “It’s a witty read
based on the good-natured assumption “that everyone is a snob
about something “and, to that extent,
we’re all ridiculous.” These words refer to the 1979 work
Class by which popular novelist? SHE MOUTHS Jilly Cooper? Correct. “Many a host has been known to shove
the Complete Cookery Course “back on the shelf
when the doorbell goes, “leaving French country cooking
lying casually by the stove.” These words of Rosemary Hill
contrast the perceived standing of which two female authors? THEY CONFER Is it Delia Smith
and Elizabeth David? It is. Finally, born in 1905, which novelist does Hill describe
as the snob’s snob? She notes that his obsession
with heredity and recondite forms of etiquette
was epitomised by his insistence that his name
be pronounced to rhyme with “mole”. THEY CONFER Anthony Powell? Anthony Powell
is correct. Ten points for this. Aba, Onitsha, Kano and Kaduna
are major cities in which populous African country? Nigeria. Nigeria is correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on astronomy,
Keble. What term specifically denotes
the point of an orbit at which an object
is closest to the sun? THEY CONFER Heliopause? No, it’s a perihelion. Secondly, what term indicates
either of the two points along the orbit of a planet
or satellite that are nearest to or furthest from
the body it orbits? THEY CONFER Pass. Apsis. And finally, what term denotes
the point in the orbit of a moon or satellite
at its furthest from the Earth? THEY CONFER Pass. That’s its apogee. We’re going to take a picture round.
For your picture starter, you’ll see a map on which five
capital cities have been marked. The initial letters of their English
names may be combined to form a word relating
to the holiday season. Ten points if you can work out
what the word is. Snow. No. Santa? No, it’s “carol”. Cairo, Algiers, Rabat,
Ouagadougou and Lisbon. So, picture bonuses shortly.
Ten points at stake for this. Active from the late 12th century, Saxo Grammaticus wrote
the first major work on the history
of which European country? Ending with the conquest
of Pomerania by Canute IV in 1185, it is thought to be a source
of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Denmark? Denmark is, of course,
correct, yes. APPLAUSE So, we’re going to take
picture bonuses in the vein of the picture starter.
Three more sets of cities. Again, the initial letters of their
English names can be combined to make a word
with seasonal connotation, should you care to do so. Five
points for each you can work out. Note that, from here, the cities may
not necessarily be capital cities. Firstly, for five. THEY CONFER I think the one
in Florida’s Tallahassee. OK, so a seasonal word with T. And then the one up the east coast,
what’s that? THEY CONFER Um, “Yule”? No, it’s “snow”. Salt Lake City, New Orleans,
Orlando and Washington DC. Secondly. THEY CONFER Have you got any cities? No. Mumbai and maybe Islamabad,
we were thinking. So, something seasonal
with an M and an I. THEY CONFER Have a try, come on. Something Christmassy
with an M and an I. Four letters. Mint. No, it’s magi. Mumbai, Astana, Gyeongju
and Islamabad. And, finally… THEY CONFER Is that Naples in Italy? THEY CONFER Edinburgh. Edinburgh, Naples. Is that Hamburg? I don’t know. THEY CONFER What’s next? So, an N and an E. THEY CONFER “Santa”. No, it’s “angel”. It’s difficult, isn’t it, because
they don’t read left to right. It’s Ankara, Naples, Gdansk,
Edinburgh and Lyon. Ten points for this. What word of four letters begins
the surnames of Earl Rivers
in Shakespeare’s Richard III, Sarah in
the French Lieutenant’s Woman and Jane Austen’s Emma? Dash? No.
Anyone like to buzz from Reading? Is it Hunt? No, it’s Wood. Woodville, Woodruff and Woodhouse. Ten points for this. January, 1806, saw the Times
newspaper use an illustration for the first time, as it reported the funeral
of which military figure? Nelson? Correct. APPLAUSE Keble, your bonuses are on women
who were born on New Year’s Day. Name each one from the description. I need their first name
and their surname. Firstly, an Anglo-Irish author,
born 1768. Her novels include Castle Rackrent
and The Absentee. Maria Edgeworth. Maria Edgeworth. Nominate Cottrell-Boyce.
Maria Edgeworth. Correct. Secondly, a seamstress, born 1752. A popular legend credits her
with designing the first flag
of the United States of America. THEY CONFER Pass. It’s Betsy Ross. And, finally, born in 1956, a French politician who was
appointed Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund
in 2011. THEY CONFER Christine Lagarde. Correct.
Ten points for this. Born in New York state in 1907 and dying in East Sussex in 1977, which surrealist artist
was a model and muse to fellow US artist Man Ray? She was noted for her own work
as a fashion and war photographer. Was it Lee Chappelle? No.
Anyone like to buzz from Keble? You may not confer.
One of you can buzz. Lee Miller? Correct. APPLAUSE Keble, you’ll be pleased to know that your bonuses are
on winning words in the Scripps National Spelling Bee which has been staged annually
in the US since 1925. Winners are generally aged
between 12 and 14. In each case, give the dictionary
spelling of the word, so confer and answer
through your captain unless your captain chooses
to nominate you. Bad luck if so. First, a German loan word
which means “protolanguage”. Spell “Ursprache”. THEY CONFER Nominate Anne-Marie.
LAUGHTER A-U-S-P… No, it’s U-R-S-P-R-A-C-H-E. Secondly, a Greek-derived word
meaning “wavy-haired”. Spell “cymotrichous”. It’s going to begin with a P,
isn’t it? THEY CONFER I’m going to nominate you.
Nominate Johnson. P-S-I… No. It’s C-Y-M-O-T-R-I-C-H-O-U-S. Amazing! These children are not
normal, are they? LAUGHTER
Finally, the winner in 2017, from a French adjective pertaining
to a country in North Africa and meaning “a ribbed crepe fabric
of silk or wool”. Spell “marocain”. THEY CONFER I don’t know.
Forget I said anything. One R and two Cs?
Yeah, go for that. Nominate Johnson. It’s not fair. M-A-RO-C-C-A-I-N. No, it’s one C.
GROANING You’ve only been beaten
by 12-year-olds. We’re going to take
a music round now. For your music starter,
you’ll hear a live recording of a piece of classical music.
For ten points, I want the two-word English title by
which the piece is normally known. ORCHESTRAL MUSIC PLAYS Radetzky March?
It is the Radetzky March, yes. APPLAUSE That recording was from the 2017
Vienna New Year’s Concert. Your music bonuses are
three more recordings from recent New Year’s Concerts
by the Vienna Philharmonic. This time I just want
the composer of each piece, please. Firstly, for five. ORCHESTRAL MUSIC PLAYS Any ideas? Any ideas? Does it mean anything to you? THEY CONFER Strauss? Yeah, go for Strauss. Strauss? No, that’s Liszt’s
Mephisto Waltz. Secondly… ORCHESTRAL MUSIC PLAYS THEY CONFER Mendelssohn? No, that’s Wagner’s
Prelude to Act III of Lohengrin. And finally… ORCHESTRAL MUSIC PLAYS That’s Tchaikovsky, isn’t it? Tchaikovsky? It is, indeed.
The Waltz from Sleeping Beauty. Right, ten points for this.
Answer promptly. Name two of the four British
Prime Ministers from 1901 to 1951 who served less than five years
in total. You may not confer. Campbell-Bannerman and Balfour. Correct, yes. The other two
were Bonar Law and Chamberlain. Well done. APPLAUSE Right, these bonuses
are on the current decade as a setting for science-fiction
films, Keble College. Which dystopian film of 1975
is set in a 2018 in which global corporations
control the world… BUZZER
You don’t need to buzz. You can confer indeed. ..control the world,
having replaced state governments and the populace is distracted
by an ultraviolent sport? THEY CONFER Rollerball. That’s correct. Based loosely on a story
by Stephen King, which 1987 film takes place
between 2017 and 2019 and stars Arnold Schwarzenegger as an unwilling contestant
on a deadly game show? THEY CONFER The Running Man. Correct. Which dystopian film of 1982
depicts Los Angeles in 2019, where androids called replicants are
manufactured for use in menial work? Blade Runner.
Blade Runner is correct. APPLAUSE Ten points for this. Castanea is the Latin name of which
genus of trees belonging to the… Chestnut. Chestnut is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on common words
marked “origin unascertained” in the Oxford English Dictionary. In each case,
give the word from the definition. Firstly, a five-letter word
for a very short space of time. It is part of the proprietary
name of a type of envelope. THEY CONFER Jiffy. Jiffy is correct. Secondly, a four-letter word meaning to perceive, discern,
catch sight of, to recognise. By another etymology, the same word denotes a slender
shoot issuing from a branch or stem. THEY CONFER Twig. Correct. Finally, a four-letter word meaning
to carry as a burden or load. It often precedes the word “bag”. THEY CONFER Tote. Tote. Tote. Correct. Ten points for this. In the year that the last emperor
of the Ming Dynasty was dethroned, which decisive battle was fought
in northern England about five miles from York? Bosworth? No, you’re out
by about 150 years there. I knew he’d say something like that.
anyone want to buzz from Keble? It’s Marston Moor, 1644.
Ten points for this. Which Gothic novel by Sarah Perry
was named book of the year…? Essex Serpent.
The Essex Serpent is right. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on the writer
Angela Carter, Keble College. The winner of the James Tait Black
Memorial Prize, what is the title
of Carter’s 1984 novel which tells the story of Fevvers, a six-foot Cockney trapeze artist
with wings? Nights At The Circus. Nights At The Circus. Correct. The story of several generations
of a theatrical family, the twins Nora and Dora Chance
appear in which novel of 1991 by Carter? Wise Children. Wise Children. Correct. The title story of Carter’s 1986
collection Black Venus concerns Jeanne Duval, the mistress
of which 19th-century French poet? Do you want to guess? Rimbaud. Rimbaud? No, it’s Baudelaire. We’re going to take
another picture around now. For your picture starter, you are going to see
a photograph of a queen consort. For ten points,
I want the three-word name by which she is commonly known
after the ducal house of her birth. Sorry. You may not confer.
One of you can buzz. Um… No, if you buzz,
you must answer. I’m going to have to offer it
to Reading. Come on, Reading, one of you buzz. Is it Queen Mary of Battenberg? No, it’s not. It’s Mary of Teck
or May of Teck. She became Queen Mary of England, of
course, when she married George V. So, here we go,
with another starter question. Based on the lives
of classical composers, Mahler, Lisztomania and The Music
Lovers are films by which…? Ken Russell. Ken Russell is correct. APPLAUSE So, you get the bonuses
that you were going to get on that picture round,
had you got the starter right. Queen Mary Land in Antarctica
is named for Mary of Teck and your picture bonuses
are portraits of three more people who give their name to territories
in and around Antarctica. I just need the name of the person
for the points. Firstly… THEY CONFER Frederick Land? No, that’s John Montagu,
the Earl of Sandwich, who gives his name
to the Sandwich Islands. Who’s the second, please? THEY CONFER Queen Caroline? No, that’s Queen Maud of Wales
or Maud of Norway, as she became. And finally, who’s this? THEY CONFER Er, we think he looks like a George. LAUGHTER
Do you? Yes. Well, I’m afraid
you’re mistaken there. It’s James Clark Ross. Oh.
Ten points for this. What familial relationship links
the author of the Frederica Quartet
and Possession: A Romance with that of The Peppered Moth
and The Needle’s Eye? They’re sisters.
Sisters is correct, yes. AS Byatt and Margaret Drabble. So, you get a set of bonuses,
this time on chemistry. In each case,
give the single word that completes the extract
from a Nobel Prize citation. To Marie Curie in 1911, by recognition of her services
to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements
radium and which element,
named after her homeland? Polonium. Polonium. Correct. Secondly, to Walter Norman Haworth
in 1937 for his investigations
on carbohydrates and which vitamin? I need a single letter only, please. THEY CONFER K? No, it’s C for Charlie. And finally,
to Frederick Sanger in 1958, for his work on the structure
of proteins, especially that of which hormone? THEY CONFER Testosterone? No, it’s insulin. Now look, Reading, it’s no good
just sitting there, giggling. You’ve got to buzz in
with some answers. We thought we’d give them a chance.
It’s a starter question. In 2016, scientists
at the collaborative research group LIGO, L-IGO… Gravitational waves. Correct. APPLAUSE You’ve got to be quicker on the
buzzer than that. Apparently so. Right, 15 points for these bonuses. Your bonuses are on the films
of David Lean. In each case,
name the film from its description. Firstly, released in 1942,
a collaboration with Noel Coward, based on the story of a British
destroyer, HMS Torrin, in the Second World War. In Which We Serve. In Which We Serve. Correct. An historical romance, secondly,
released in 1970, set in Ireland in the period
following the Easter Rising. It stars Leo McKern as the father
of the title character played by Sarah Miles. Oh, God. I’m going to die
for not knowing this. THEY CONFER Pass. That’s Ryan’s Daughter. And finally, a comedy of 1954,
based on a play by Harold Brigstock, in which Charles Laughton plays
the eponymous Salford bootmaker. Hobson’s Choice. Correct. One and a half minutes to go.
Ten points for this. Eight silver balls on stalks…
Stop giggling! Eight silver balls on stalks alternating with eight gold
strawberry leaves decorate the coronets of which rank
of the British peerage, intermediate between
marquis and viscount? Earl. Earl is correct.
You’re going to see the bonuses, this time on US presidents
who entered the White House without previous experience
of elected public office. In each case, name the President
from his date of birth and other positions held. Firstly, born 1822,
Lieutenant General and Commander of the Union Army
from 1864. THEY CONFER Come on. Could be Sherman. Sherman? No, it’s Ulysses S Grant. Secondly, born 1874, director of the
United States Food Administration and United States
Secretary of Commerce. THEY CONFER Pass. That was Herbert Hoover. And finally, born 1890,
Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. Eisenhower. Eisenhower. Correct.
Ten points for this. Examples of what form
of musical composition include Saint-Saens’ Egyptian,
Mozart’s Jeunehomme and Coronation and Beethoven’s Emperor? Quartets. No, anyone want to buzz
from Reading? There’s no conferring.
Just buzz, one of you. Somebody buzz. GONG READING CHEER APPLAUSE I think, Reading,
you’ve achieved something hitherto unachieved in this series. READING CHEER
You got zero points! What a total whitewash! LAUGHTER Never mind. You were unlucky,
perhaps, with the questions. Yes, very.
Well, you can say that, I suppose. At least you take it in good humour. Keble College, 240. Terrific score.
Congratulations to you. You are the winners
of the Christmas/ New Year, 2017/ 2018 series
of University Challenge for people who have other things to
do with their time than be students. Thank you very much indeed. It only remains for me
to thank all the teams who’ve taken part in this series
and to thank you for watching. Next time, we resume the students
competition, but until then, it’s goodbye
from Reading University. Goodbye. It’s goodbye from Keble College,
Oxford. Bye-bye. Bye. And it’s goodbye from me. Goodbye.