Teach a Dog to Drop It – Get polite mouth control with Tug

Teach a Dog to Drop It – Get polite mouth control with Tug

November 27, 2019 100 By Stanley Isaacs


Today we’re talking about how to teach your dog to release things in their mouth. Whatever you’re doing right now—DROP IT!—and watch this video. Ian here with Simpawtico Dog Training and
before we take a closer look at Drop It, please make sure you’re subscribed so you never miss
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for notes, links and resources about the stuff we talked about. Now, in one of our previous videos we looked
at the first two pieces of mouth control, which were Take It and Leave It. I highly recommend you check out that video
too so you can really get all three working together. As I said in that video, Take It, Leave It,
and Drop it form what I call the Holy Trinity of mouth control…if you can get those three
things dialed in to a high degree, it has a sort of cascade effect on your dog’s manners
and makes life so much more pleasant. There’s no more diving for food on the floor,
no more gobbling up your fingers when you hand them food or a toy. You also get great, polite play sessions even
when the dog is jazzed up. Plus, playing teaching games like tug and
fetch burn off energy and give your dog mental stimulation. These are also gateways to teaching come,
getting offered attention, and immensely improving your handling skills. Let’s look at Drop It so you understand how
we’re working here. Drop It teaches the dog to release things
that are in their mouth. “Drop It” is different from Leave It in that
it’s for things the dog already has, whereas Leave It is for something they want, but haven’t
gotten yet. In the best cases Drop It is useful for games,
as I mentioned. But in the worst cases this will help you
when they pick up something nasty or harmful and you need them to release it NOW. Drop It is best taught using Lure Reward Training. Like all Lure Reward Trained activities, it
follows a 1234 pattern: Request, Lure, Response, Reward. In this case that looks like this:
Say “Drop It.” Lure your dog to drop it. Your dog releases the item. Immediately say “Yes,” praise, and reward. We’re going to teach Drop It, with a toy. In this example we’re going to use an interactive
toy to play tug, and we’ll use the game to teach Drop It, and improve the work with Take
It. Now, a quick note about tug. There are STILL trainers out there and articles
online that adivse you to never play tug with your dog. This is complete rubbish. Tug is a fantastic game to play with your
dog. It teaches manners, mouth control, and frustration
tolerance. It burns off energy, it provides mental stimulation,
and like any kind of play it builds your bond with your dog. However, tug is a game and like any game there
are rules, and if the kids don’t play by the rules, well we don’t play. So my tug rules are very simple:
You can’t put your teeth on me. You can’t take the toy unless I say. You have to let go of the toy when I say. So let’s see a couple rounds here and then
we’ll break it down for you. “Drop It.” “Yes! Good boy! That’s exactly how I wanted it. Good boy” “Drop It” “YES! Good! That was great. Good job.” All right let’s look at the breakdown. Present the tug toy. Make sure you’ve taught them “Take It” and
then enforce that rule so they don’t just reach out and snatch it. “Nope.” “Take it. Good boy.” Allow your dog to take it, and then play tug for a bit. Then teach Drop it with 1234: 1) Say “Drop It.” 2) Lure the dog to drop it by waggling a high-value
treat in front of the nose. Wait it out. This may be immediate, or it may take a second. Just wait. 3) The dog releases it. 4) Say “Yes!” while you stick the treat in their mouth,
and give huge praise. Put the toy behind your back for the time
being (don’t tease them with it). Repeat this sequence. You’re aiming for lightning fast Drop Its. Now you could see Drake getting better as
we went. He wasn’t perfect yet, but we’ve already kicked
that upward trend into motion. So with good consistent practice like this
I have no doubt that Drake will become a pro. With Take It, Leave It, and Drop It firmly
entrenched in his brain he’ll be one of the most gentle dogs. Play sessions should last no more than one
to two minutes tops. You want the game to always end before they’ve
burned off too much energy to do other things, and you always want to end on your terms,
with your dog wanting more. This will keep them in love with the game
which gives you tons of opportunity to teach, practice, and bond. Here are some PRO TIPS for Drop It:
When you say Drop It, you simply immobilize the toy. Don’t pull on it. Don’t wiggle it back and forth. Just keep it from moving. Otherwise you’re sending conflicting signals
by keeping the game going. Just say “Drop It” once and WAIT. In these early stages DO NOT REPEAT YOURSELF
if your dog doesn’t release. This is how they will learn. The time between when you made the request
and presented the lure, to when they actually released the item is called “latency.” As you practice, this latency will shrink
until it becomes an immediate response. You get there through patience and repetition,
not through nagging. As the latency decreases, and that response
time gets faster and faster, you will notice that your dog starts releasing the item before
the lure reaches their nose. This is why with Lure Reward Training we say
it, then lure it. Although the lure initially causes the action
to happen, the dog is soon responding reliably and we no longer need the lure. Also, they learn to anticipate the required
action based on the word they hear. So soon, you can say “Drop It” and NOT present
the lure. When your dog releases the item, THEN we give
them a REWARD from our pocket. See, now you don’t NEED the food to get them
to Drop It, and we’re conditioning them to respond to the verbal request. Refer to our video on phasing out treats for
more in-depth instruction on that part of the process. In this vein, as we get away from dependence
on the food we can start using the continuance of the game as the reward. And in serious situations out in the world
we probably won’t have a treat with us in most cases anyway, so that good response without
food will be absolutely necessary. The thing to remember is that Drop It is not
just a parlor trick. It’s potentially life saving. If your dog picks up something off the sidewalk,
or at the park, or in the bathroom, or even in the kitchen there could be serious consequences. Having reliable remote control of your pooch’s
mouth could mean the difference between a non-issue and spendy vet bills. Or worse. Incidentally, Drop It is also the command
I use for leash biters. Just remember that the moment you NEED a Drop
It, is the wrong time to practice it. Put the time in NOW so it’s ready to go in
that moment of crisis. So good luck, and let me know how drop it
is goes for you. And if you have some other nifty ways to teach
drop it, share them in the comments below. Don’t forget to give us a thumbs up and as
always: keep learning, keep practicing, and we’ll see you next time. Thanks for watching!