National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) | Wikipedia au …

National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) | Wikipedia au …

October 11, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


National Research Nuclear University MEPhI
(Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) (Russian: Национальный исследовательский
ядерный университет “МИФИ” / НИЯУ МИФИ or Russian: МИФИ)
is one of the most recognized technical universities in Russia. MEPhI was founded in 1942 as the Moscow Mechanical
Institute of Munitions (Russian: Московский механический институт
боеприпасов, ММИБ), but it was soon renamed the Moscow Mechanical Institute. Its original mission was to train skilled
personnel for the Soviet military and atomic programs. It was renamed the Moscow Engineering Physics
Institute (Russian: Московский инженерно-физический институт) in 1953, which was its name
until 2009. By the Order of the Government of Russia,
issued by the Russian Government on April 8, 2009 (#480-r) on behalf of Russian President’s
Decree of October 7, 2008 (#1448) “On the pilot project launching on creating National
Research Universities” the university MEPhI was granted this new status. The university was reorganized. The aim of the university existence is now
preparing the specialists by giving them higher professional, post-graduation professional,
secondary professional and additional professional education, as well as educational and scientific
activities.==Academics==
Today, MEPhI has nine main departments (faculties or institutes): Institute of Nuclear Physics and Engineering
Institute for Laser and Plasma Technologies Institute of Engineering Physics for Biomedicine
Institute of Nanoengineering in Electronics, Spintronics and Photonics
Institute of Cyber Intelligence Systems Institute of financial and economic security
Institute of international relations Faculty of Physics and Technology
Faculty of business informatics and complex systems managementThe university offers bachelor,
masters (and similar degree ‘Specialist’), and post-graduate degrees in physics, mathematics,
computer science and other areas. MEPhI facilities include a 2.5 MW (thermal)
pool-type research reactor and Neutrino Water Detector NEVOD. The university has about 35,000 students at
branches in Moscow and other towns. In Moscow are around 7,500 students (including
over 1300 foreigners). It normally takes 4 – 5.5 (some sub-departments
take six) years for a student to graduate from MEPhI. The curriculum of the first two years consists
exclusively of required courses (core), with emphasis on mathematics, physics, experimental
work and English. After the two first years of studying students
on a competition basis enroll to the sub-departments which specialize in different branches of
physics, computer science, information security, mathematics, etc. Starting with the fourth year, some students
have a choice to make their diploma thesis, working at base science institutes. Most of them are research institutes, usually
belonging to the Russian Academy of Sciences. For instance, Lebedev Physical Institute,
Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Kurchatov Institute etc. The MEPhI curriculum is, indeed, considerably
more extensive compared to an average American or European college. In addition, MEPhI programs usually focus
more on research and less on classroom education. Among MEPhI graduates are Nobel Prize winners,
members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and winners of national prizes. Its professors and alumni have made major
contributions to various fields of theoretical and experimental physics, mathematics, cybernetics,
and computer sciences. Traditional university rankings are based
on the universities’ research output and prizes won by faculty. In contrast, many distinguished professors
teaching at MEPhI are officially on staff at the base institutes like Kurchatov Institute. Student research work is typically carried
out outside of MEPhI, and published research results do not mention MEPhI. In effect, many MEPhI professors are not considered
as such for the rankings, and student research is not earning any ranking points for MEPhI. This effectively hides MEPhI from the academic
radar, an effect welcome during the Cold War era when leading scientists and engineers
of the Soviet arms and space programs studied there. In recent years, the institute has been working
to improve its curricula in the humanities, economic sciences, and foreign languages.==MEPhI in leading international and national
university rankings====
Student population==The student population, especially on natural
science departments, is predominantly male. During the first years from MEPhI’s foundation
there was a ban against accepting women. In recent years this situation has changed
and in 2010 more than 30% of first year students were females.==Location==
It is a fifteen-minute walk (or a five-minute bus ride) from the university to the Kashirskaya
station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. Its campus is one kilometre from the famous
Kolomenskoe park and museum.==MOOC and other online resources==
During 2016-2018 MEPhI increased its presence in online educational platforms, namely Coursera(Rus),
edX (Eng), Universarium (Rus) and CLP4NET (Eng). By the end of 2018, MEPhI had provided 43
courses via those platforms, including 25 on Coursera and 11 on edX. In 2018, the number of students that joined
MEPhI’s online courses on the leading online platforms reached approximately 160,000 persons
from 150 countries.==Famous alumni and faculty==
Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov (Николай Геннадиевич Басов) – Nobel
Prize Alexander Mikhajlovich Baldin (Александр
Михайлович Балдин) Anatoly Ivanovich Larkin (Анатолий
Иванович Ларкин) Alexander Balankin (Александр Сергеевич
Баланкин) Igor Tamm (Игорь Евгеньевич
Тамм) – Nobel Prize Igor Kurchatov (Игорь Васильевич
Курчатов) Lev Gor’kov (Горьков Лев Петрович)
Evgenii Feinberg (Фейнберг Евгений Львович)
Yuri Oganessian (Юрий Цолакович Оганесян) – element 118 in Periodic
Table be named oganesson to honor Oganessian Isaak Pomeranchuk (Исаак Яковлевич
Померанчук) Pavel Cherenkov (Павел Алексеевич
Черенков) – Nobel Prize Ilya Mikhailovich Frank (Илья Михайлович
Франк) – Nobel Prize Andrey Dmitrievich Sakharov (Андрей
Дмитриевич Сахаров) – Nobel Prize
Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov (Николай Николаевич Семёнов) – Nobel
Prize Lev Okun (Лев Борисович Окунь)
Sergei Avdeyev (Сергей Васильевич Авдеев), record for time spent in space:
747.59 days Vyacheslav Starshinov (Вячеслав Иванович
Старшинов) – Olympic champion, world champion