National Cheng Kung University | Wikipedia audio article

National Cheng Kung University | Wikipedia audio article

October 11, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


National Cheng Kung University (NCKU; Chinese:
國立成功大學; pinyin: Guólì Chénggōng Dàxué) is a research-led comprehensive university
in Tainan, Taiwan. NCKU was ranked 2nd internationally overall in Taiwan in 2018, and one of the
top ranked universities in Asia, it comprises 9 colleges, 43 departments, and 39 institutes.
The university is best known for its engineering, computer science, medicine, and planning and
design. NCKU is the sole member from Taiwan in Worldwide Universities Network.
In 2005, NCKU was chosen by the Ministry of Education (Taiwan) as one of the seven universities
in Taiwan for the Aim for the Top University Project (邁向頂尖大學計畫), which
is similar to Top Global University Project in Japan and Universities of Excellence in
Germany. Starting from 2006, because of its excellent academic performance and research
potential, the Ministry of Education (Taiwan) has offered NCKU NT$1.7 billion annually for
five consecutive years, which is the second highest amount received among the universities
in the project. NCKU is a founding member of Taiwan Comprehensive
University System, a strategic alliance of four leading research universities in the
southern part of Taiwan. The university is also a member of AACSB and IEET.==History==
National Cheng Kung University was originally established under Japanese government in January
1931 as the Tainan Technical College. After the Japanese handover of Taiwan, the school
was renamed to Taiwan Provincial Tainan Junior College of Technology in March 1946, and then
to Taiwan Provincial College of Engineering in October the same year.
When the government of the Republic of China moved to Taiwan in 1949, it was one of the
three existing colleges in Taiwan. As the number of colleges expanded, it was upgraded
to a provincial university in 1956 as Taiwan Provincial Cheng Kung University, named after
Koxinga, a Chinese military leader who drove the Dutch East India Company from Taiwan and
founded the Kingdom of Tungning. In 1971, the university became a national university
and was renamed to National Cheng Kung University. Former Minister for Education Wu Jin served
as the first president of the new National Cheng Kung University.==Campuses==
NCKU has 11 campuses: An-Nan, Cheng-Kung, Cheng-Xin, Ching-Yeh, Dong Ning, Dou-Liou,
Kuang-Fu, Kuei-Jen, Li-Hsing, Sheng-Li and Tzu-Chiang. On January 12, 2011, the Y. S. Sun Green Building
Research Center was inaugurated. It is the world’s first green educational center as
well as Taiwan’s first zero carbon building. The 4,800 m2 (52,000 sq ft)-facility cost
NT$30 million (US$4.41 million) to construct, far below the original NT$180 million budget.
Natural ventilation, limited power usage, reduced window size, and energy efficient
lighting all contribute to the building’s carbon neutrality.==Organization and Academics==
Academics at NCKU is organized into 9 colleges, each with its own faculties, departments,
and institutes offering programs up to doctoral level. While most courses are taught in Mandarine
Chinese, many are offered in English.==International programs==
NCKU participates in the Taiwan International Graduate Program in Interdisciplinary Neuroscience
of Academia Sinica, Taiwan’s most preeminent academic research institution.==Rankings==
NCKU is generally considered to be a top tier university in Taiwan, along with National
Taiwan University, National Tsing Hua University, and National Chiao Tung University. As of
2018, the QS World University Rankings ranked NCKU 222th overall in the world, 35th in Asia,
and 4th in the nation. According to QS World University Rankings
by Subject in 2017 , the NCKU ranked within the world’s top 100 universities in the following
fields: Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Civil and Structural Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering, and Engineering and Technology. It also ranks within the top 150 for the following
programs: Computer Science and Information System, Education and Training, Materials
Sciences, Architecture, Statistics and Operational Research, Art and Design, Environmental Studies,
Chemical Engineering, and Social Science and Management.
Furthermore, according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities, NCKU ranked 37th in
the engineering field and 52nd in computer science in 2009. Finally, according to the
ESI database, NCKU has published 18,333 papers in the last ten years and has respectively
ranked the 24th and the 51st in the list of world top 100 universities respectively in
the engineering and computer science fields.==List of Presidents==
Wakatsuki Michitaka (January 1931 – August 1941)
Sakuma Iwao; 佐久間巖 (August 1941 – March 1944)
Shunsuke Suemitsu; 末光俊介 (March 1944 – October 1944)
Saburo Kousuke; 甲婓三郎 (October 1944 – October 1945)
Wang Shih-an (February 1946 – August 1951) Yeh Tung-tse (August 1951 – February 1952)
Qing Dajun (February 1952 – July 1957) Yen Cheng-hsing (August 1957 – December
1964) Lo Yun-ping (January 1965 – July 1971)
Ni Chao (August 1971 – July 1978) Wang Wei-nung (August 1978 – July 1980)
Hsia Han-min; 夏漢民 (August 1980 – July 1988)
Ma Che-ju; 馬哲儒 (August 1988 – July 1994)
Wu Jin (August 1994 – June 1996) Huang Ting-chia; 黃定加 (July 1996 – February
1997) Weng Chen-yi; 翁政義 (February 1997 – May
2000) Weng Hung-shan; 翁鴻山 (May 2000 – January
2001) Kao Chiang; 高強 (February 2001 – January
2007) Michael M. C. Lai (February 2007 – January
2011) Hwung Hwung-hweng (February 2011 – January
2015) Sung Hui-chen; 蘇慧貞 (since February 2015)==Notable alumni==
Chang Chia-juch, Minister of Economic Affairs (2013–2014)
Chen Hsiung-wen, Minister of Labor (2014–2016) Tze-Chiang Chen, IBM Fellow, Vice President
of Science and Technology at Thomas J. Watson Research Center, IBM Research Division
Cheng Nan-jung majored in engineering at NCKU for one year before changing his interest
to humanities Ken P. Chong, Director of the Division of
Mechanics and Materials at the U.S. National Science Foundation
Chu Ching-wu, Superconductor Physicist, President of Taiwan Comprehensive University System
Wei-Kan Chu (1962), professor of physics, University of Houston
Fan Chih-ku, Administrative Deputy Minister of Transportation and Communications
Hsu Hsin-ying, founder and Chairperson of Minkuotang
C. Y. Lee directed the design of Taipei 101, the world’s second tallest, fully inhabited
skyscraper Wen Ho Lee, nuclear physicist accused of spying
for the PRC against the United States Lee Wo-shih, Magistrate of Kinmen County (2009–2014)
Lin Hsin-i, Chairman of the Industrial Technology Research Institute, President of China Motor
Corporation Lin Yi-bing, Vice President of the Office
of Research and Development at the National Chiao Tung University
Chung Laung Liu, computer scientist Lung Ying-tai, Minister of Culture (2012–2014)
Mao Chi-kuo, Premier of the Republic of China (2014–2016)
Pai Hsien-yung majored in engineering at NCKU for one year before changing his interest
to humanities Samuel C. C. Ting, Nobel Prize laureate, attended
NCKU prior to moving back to the United States Wang Chien-shien, President of Control Yuan
(2008–2014) Wu Po-hsiung, Mayor of Taipei (1988–1990)
and Chairman of Kuomintang (2007–2009) Chen Liang-gee, Minister of Ministry of Science
and Technology (Taiwan) (2016-Present) and Distinguished Professor, Department of Electrical
Engineering, National Taiwan University==
See also==Taiwan Comprehensive University System
List of universities in Taiwan==Notes