Johns Hopkins University

Johns Hopkins University

August 16, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The Johns Hopkins University is a private
research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named
for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. His $7 million bequest—of which half financed
the establishment of The Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history
of the United States at the time. Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as
the institution’s first president on February 22, 1876, led the university to revolutionize
higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research. The first research university in the Western
Hemisphere and one of the founding members of the American Association of Universities,
Johns Hopkins has ranked among the world’s top universities throughout its history. The National Science Foundation has ranked
the university #1 among U.S. academic institutions in total science, medical, and engineering
research and development spending for 31 consecutive years. Johns Hopkins is also tied for #12 in the
U.S. News and World Report undergraduate program rankings. Over the course of almost 140 years, 36 Nobel
Prize winners have been affiliated with Johns Hopkins. Founded in 1883, the Blue Jays men’s lacrosse
team has captured 44 national titles and joined the Big Ten Conference as an affiliate member
in 2014. Johns Hopkins is organized into ten divisions
on campuses in Maryland and Washington, D.C. with international centers in Italy, China,
Singapore, and Malaysia. The two undergraduate divisions, the Krieger
School of Arts and Sciences and the Whiting School of Engineering, are located on the
Homewood campus in Baltimore’s Charles Village neighborhood. The medical school, the nursing school, and
the Bloomberg School of Public Health are located on the Medical Institutions campus
in East Baltimore. The university also consists of the Peabody
Institute, the Applied Physics Laboratory, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International
Studies, the education school, the Carey Business School, and various other facilities. History
The philanthropist and the founding On his death in 1873, Johns Hopkins, a Quaker
entrepreneur and childless bachelor, bequeathed $7 million to fund a hospital and university
in Baltimore, Maryland. At that time this fortune, generated primarily
from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was the largest philanthropic gift in the history
of the United States. The first name of philanthropist Johns Hopkins
is the surname of his great-grandmother, Margaret Johns, who married Gerard Hopkins. They named their son Johns Hopkins, who named
his own son Samuel Hopkins. Samuel named one of his sons after his father
and that son would be the university’s benefactor. Milton Eisenhower, a former university president,
once spoke at a convention in Pittsburgh where the Master of Ceremonies introduced him as
“President of John Hopkins.” Eisenhower retorted that he was “glad to be
here in Pittburgh.” The original board opted for an entirely novel
university model dedicated to the discovery of knowledge at an advanced level, extending
that of contemporary Germany. Johns Hopkins thereby became the model of
the modern research university in the United States. Its success eventually shifted higher education
in the United States from a focus on teaching revealed and/or applied knowledge to the scientific
discovery of new knowledge. The founders intended the university to be
national in scope to strengthen ties across a divided country in the aftermath of the
American Civil War. The university’s inaugural date was symbolic:
1876 was the nation’s centennial year and February 22 was George Washington’s birthday. Early years and Daniel Coit Gilman The trustees worked alongside three notable
university presidents – Charles W. Eliot of Harvard, Andrew D. White of Cornell, and James
B. Angell of Michigan – who each vouched for Daniel Coit Gilman to lead the new University
as its first president. Gilman, a Yale-educated scholar, had been
serving as president of the University of California prior to this appointment. In preparation for the university’s founding,
Gilman visited University of Freiburg and other German universities. Johns Hopkins would become the first American
university committed to research by the German education model of Alexander von Humboldt. Gilman launched what many at the time considered
an audacious and unprecedented academic experiment to merge teaching and research. He dismissed the idea that the two were mutually
exclusive: “The best teachers are usually those who are free, competent and willing
to make original researches in the library and the laboratory,” he stated. To implement his plan, Gilman recruited internationally
known luminaries such as the mathematician James Joseph Sylvester; the biologist H. Newell
Martin; the physicist Henry A. Rowland, the classical scholars Basil Gildersleeve and
Charles D. Morris; the economist Richard T. Ely; and the chemist Ira Remsen, who became
the second president of the university in 1901. Gilman focused on the expansion of graduate
education and support of faculty research. The new university fused advanced scholarship
with such professional schools as medicine and engineering. Hopkins became the national trendsetter in
doctoral programs and the host for numerous scholarly journals and associations. The Johns Hopkins University Press, founded
in 1878, is the oldest American university press in continuous operation. With the completion of Johns Hopkins Hospital
in 1889 and the medical school in 1893, the university’s research–focused mode of instruction
soon began attracting world-renowned faculty members who would become major figures in
the emerging field of academic medicine, including William Osler, William Halsted, Howard Kelly,
and William Welch. During this period Hopkins made more history
by becoming the first medical school to admit women on an equal basis with men and to require
a Bachelors degree, based on the efforts of Mary E. Garrett, who had endowed the school
at Gilman’s request. The school of medicine was America’s first
coeducational, graduate-level medical school, and became a prototype for academic medicine
that emphasized bedside learning, research projects, and laboratory training. In his will and in his instructions to the
trustees of the university and the hospital, Hopkins requested that both institutions be
built upon the vast grounds of his Baltimore estate, Clifton. When Gilman assumed the presidency, he decided
that it would be best to use the university’s endowment for recruiting faculty and students,
deciding to “build men, not buildings.” In his will Hopkins stipulated that none of
his endowment should be used for construction; only interest on the principal could be used
for this purpose. Unfortunately, stocks in The Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad, which would have generated most of the interest, became virtually worthless
soon after Hopkins’s death. The university’s first home was thus in Downtown
Baltimore delaying plans to site the university in Clifton. This decision became the only major criticism
of Gilman’s presidency. Move to Homewood and early 20th century history In the early 20th century the university outgrew
its buildings and the trustees began to search for a new home. Developing Clifton for the university was
too costly, and so the estate was sold as a public park. A solution was achieved by a team of prominent
locals who acquired the estate in north Baltimore known as Homewood. On February 22, 1902, this land was formally
transferred to the university. The flagship building, Gilman Hall, was completed
in 1915. The School of Engineering relocated in Fall
of 1914 and the School of Arts and Sciences followed in 1916. These decades saw the ceding of lands by the
university for the public Wyman Park and Wyman Park Dell and the Baltimore Museum of Art,
coalescing in the contemporary area of 140 acres. Prior to becoming the main Johns Hopkins campus,
the Homewood estate had initially been the gift of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a Maryland
planter and signer of the Declaration of Independence, to his son Charles Carroll Jr. The original structure, the 1801 Homewood
House, still stands and serves as an on-campus museum. The brick and marble Federal style of Homewood
House became the architectural inspiration for much of the university campus. This fact explains the distinctively local
flavour of the campus as compared to the Collegiate Gothic style of other historic American universities. In 1909, the university was among the first
to start adult continuing education programs and in 1916 it founded the US’ first school
of public health. Since the 1910s, Johns Hopkins University
has famously been a “fertile cradle” to Arthur Lovejoy’s history of ideas. The post-war era
Since 1942, the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory has served as a major governmental
defense contractor. In tandem with on-campus research, Johns Hopkins
has every year since 1979 had the highest federal research funding of any American university. Programs in international studies and the
performing arts were established in 1950 and 1977 when the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced
International Studies in Washington D.C and the Peabody Institute in Baltimore became
divisions of the university. In the twenty-first century The early decades of this century have seen
expansion across the university’s institutions in both physical and population sizes. Notably, a planned 88-acre expansion to the
medical campus is well underway as of 2013. Completed construction on the Homewood campus
has included a new biomedical engineering building, a new library, a new biology wing,
and an extensive renovation of the flagship Gilman Hall, while the reconstruction of the
main university entrance is currently underway and expected to be completed by the end of
2014. These years also brought about the rapid development
of the university’s professional schools of education and business. From 1999 until 2007, these disciplines had
been joined together within the School of Professional Studies in Business and Education,
itself a reshuffling of several earlier ventures. The 2007 split, combined with new funding
and leadership initiatives, has led to the simultaneous emergence of the Johns Hopkins
School of Education and the Carey Business School. Civil rights
African-Americans Hopkins was a prominent abolitionist who supported
Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. After his death, reports said his conviction
was a decisive factor in enrolling Hopkins’ first African-American student, Kelly Miller,
a graduate student in physics, astronomy and mathematics. As time passed, the university adopted a “separate
but equal” stance more like other Baltimore institutions. The first black undergraduate entered the
school in 1945 and graduate students followed in 1967. James Nabwangu, a British-trained Kenyan,
was the first black graduate of the medical school. The first African-American instructor was
laboratory supervisor Vivien Thomas, who was instrumental in developing and conducting
the first successful blue baby operation. Despite such cases, racial diversity did not
become commonplace at Johns Hopkins institutions until the 1960s and 1970s. Women
Hopkins’ most well–known battle for women’s rights was the one led by daughters of trustees
of the university; Mary E. Garrett, M. Carey Thomas, Mamie Gwinn, Elizabeth King, and Julia
Rogers. They donated and raised the funds needed to
open the medical school, and required Hopkins’ officials to agree to their stipulation that
women would be admitted. The nursing school opened in 1889 and accepted
women and men as students. Other graduate schools were later opened to
women by president Ira Remsen in 1907. Christine Ladd-Franklin was the first woman
to earn a PhD at Hopkins, in mathematics in 1882. The trustees denied her the degree for decades
and refused to change the policy about admitting women. In 1893, Florence Bascomb became the university’s
first female PhD. The decision to admit women at undergraduate
level was not considered until the late 1960s and was eventually adopted in October 1969. As of 2009–2010, the undergraduate population
was 47% female and 53% male. Freedom of speech
On September 5, 2013 cryptographer and Johns Hopkins university professor Matthew Green
posted a blog, entitled “On the NSA”, in which he contributed to the ongoing debate regarding
the role of NIST and NSA in formulating U.S. cryptography standards. On September 9, 2013 Professor Green received
a take-down request for the “On the NSA” blog from interim Dean Andrew Douglas from the
Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering. The request cited concerns that the blog had
links to sensitive material. The blog linked to already published news
articles from the Guardian, The New York Times and ProPublica.org. Dean Andrew Douglas subsequently issued a
personal on-line apology to professor Green. The event raised concern over the future of
academic freedom of speech within the cryptologic research community. Campuses
Homewood Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences:
The Krieger School offers more than 60 undergraduate majors and minors and more than 40 graduate
programs. G.W.C. Whiting School of Engineering: The Whiting
School contains 14 undergraduate and graduate engineering programs and 12 additional areas
of study. School of Education: Originally established
in 1909 as The School of Professional Studies in Business and Education, the divisions of
Education and Business became separate schools in 2007. The first campus was located on Howard Street. Eventually, they relocated to Homewood, in
northern Baltimore, the estate of Charles Carroll, son of the oldest surviving signer
of the Declaration of Independence. Carroll’s Homewood House is considered one
of the finest examples of Federal residential architecture. The estate then came to the Wyman family,
which participated in making it the park-like main campus of the schools of arts and sciences
and engineering at the start of the 20th century. Most of its architecture was modeled after
the Federal style of Homewood House. Homewood House is preserved as a museum. Most undergraduate programs are on this campus. East Baltimore Collectively known as Johns Hopkins Medical
Institutions campus, the East Baltimore facility occupies several city blocks spreading from
the Johns Hopkins Hospital trademark dome. School of Medicine: The School of Medicine
is widely regarded as one of the best medical schools and biomedical research institutes
in the world. Bloomberg School of Public Health: The Bloomberg
School was founded in 1916, the world’s first and largest public health school. It has consistently been ranked first in its
field. School of Nursing: The School of Nursing is
one of America’s oldest and pre-eminent schools for nursing education. It has consistently ranked first in the nation. Downtown Baltimore Carey Business School: The Carey Business
School was established in 2007, incorporating divisions of the former School of Professional
Studies in Business and Education. It was originally located on Charles Street,
but relocated to the Legg Mason building in Harbor East in 2011. Peabody Institute: founded in 1857, is the
oldest continuously active music conservatory in the United States; it became a division
of Johns Hopkins in 1977. The Conservatory retains its own student body
and grants degrees in musicology and performance, though both Hopkins and Peabody students may
take courses at both institutions. It is located on East Mount Vernon Place. Washington, D.C. Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International
Studies is located on the Washington D.C. campus near Dupont Circle. SAIS is devoted to international studies,
particularly international relations, diplomacy, and economics. SAIS has full-time international campuses
in Bologna, Italy and Nanjing, China. Founded in 1943, SAIS became a part of the
university in 1950. In a 2005 survey 65% of respondents ranked
SAIS as the nation’s top Master’s Degree program in international relations. The Krieger School of Arts and Sciences’ Advanced
Academic Programs Carey Business School
The Washington, D.C. campus is on Massachusetts Avenue, towards the Southeastern end of Embassy
Row. Laurel, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory: The APL in Laurel, Maryland, specializes in
research for the U.S. Department of Defense, NASA and other government and civilian research
agencies. It has developed more than 100 biomedical
devices, many in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. The Applied Physics Laboratory, a division
of the university co-equal to the nine schools but with a non-academic mission, lies between
Baltimore and Washington in Laurel, Maryland. Other campuses
see also List of Johns Hopkins University Research Centers and Institutes
Domestic Columbia, Maryland Center
Montgomery County, Maryland Campus International
The SAIS Bologna Center, Italy Perdana University-Johns Hopkins
The SAIS Hopkins-Nanjing Center for Chinese and American Studies, China
Yong Siew Toh Conservatory of Music Organization
The Johns Hopkins entity is structured as two corporations, the university and The Johns
Hopkins Health System, formed in 1986. The President is JHU’s chief executive officer,
and the university is organized into nine academic divisions. JHU’s bylaws specify a Board of Trustees of
between 18 and 65 voting members. Trustees serve six–year terms subject to
a two–term limit. The alumni select 12 trustees. Four recent alumni serve 4-year terms, one
per year, typically from the graduating class. The bylaws prohibit students, faculty or administrative
staff from serving on the Board, except the President as an ex–officio trustee. The Johns Hopkins Health System has a separate
Board of Trustees, many of whom are doctors or health care executives. Academics
The full-time, four-year undergraduate program is “most selective” with low transfer-in and
a high graduate co-existence. The cost of attendance per year is $60,820;
however, the average need met is 99%. The university is one of fourteen founding
members of the Association of American Universities; it is also a member of the Consortium on Financing
Higher Education and the Universities Research Association. Undergraduate admissions
In 2010, 87% of admitted students graduated in the top tenth of their high school class
and the inter-quartile range on the SAT reading was 670–750, math was 690–780, and writing
was 670–770. 97% of freshmen returned after the first year,
84% of students graduated in 4 years and 92% graduated in 6 years. The average GPA of enrolled freshmen is 3.74. Over time, applications to Johns Hopkins University
have risen steadily. As a result, the selectivity of Johns Hopkins
University has also increased. Early Decision is an option at Johns Hopkins
University for students who wish to demonstrate that the university is their first choice. These students, if admitted, are required
to enroll. This application is due November 1. Most students, however, apply Regular Decision,
which is a traditional non-binding round. These applications are due January 1 and students
are notified April 1. Rankings
At the undergraduate level, Johns Hopkins was ranked #12 among National Universities
by U.S. News and World Report. It is ranked #1 in the nation in the high
school counselor reputation rankings. The 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities
ranked Hopkins #17 internationally and 3rd in the world for Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy. In 2010, Johns Hopkins ranked 13th in the
Times Higher Education World University Rankings and 16th in the 2011 QS World University Rankings. Johns Hopkins also placed #2 in the 2010 University
Ranking by Academic Performance, #2 in the 2011 HEEACT – Performance Ranking of Scientific
Papers for World Universities, ranked #7 among Top Performing Schools according to the Faculty
Scholarly Productivity Index in 2008, and was listed #9 among research universities
by the Center for Measuring University Performance in 2007. For medical and public health research U.S.
News and World Report ranks the School of Medicine #2 and has consistently ranked the
Bloomberg School of Public Health #1 in the nation. The School of Nursing was ranked #1 nationally
among peer institutions. The Times Higher Education Supplement ranked
Johns Hopkins University #3 in the world for biomedicine and life sciences. Hopkins ranks #1 nationally in receipt of
federal research funds and the School of Medicine is #1 among medical schools in receipt of
extramural awards from the National Institutes of Health. Newsweek named Johns Hopkins as the “Hottest
School for Pre-meds” in 2008. The Johns Hopkins Hospital was ranked as the
top hospital in the United States for the eighteenth year in a row by the U.S. News
and World Report annual ranking of American hospitals. The university’s graduate programs in the
areas of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, Engineering, Human Development & Family Studies,
Health Sciences, Humanities, Physical & Mathematical Sciences and International Affairs & Development
all rank among the top-10 of their respective disciplines. The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International
Studies ranked #1, #2, and #2, by College of William and Mary’s surveys conducted once
every two years beginning in 2005, for its MA program among the world’s top schools of
International Affairs for those who want to pursue a policy career. The School of Education is ranked #1 nationally
by U.S. News and World Report. Although no formal rankings exist for music
conservatories, the Peabody Institute is generally considered one of the most prestigious conservatories
in the country, along with Juilliard and the Curtis Institute. Johns Hopkins is ranked the #1 Social Media
College by StudentAdvisor. Several university departments have been known
to actively engage on various social media platforms such as Blogs, Facebook, Twitter,
YouTube, and Flickr to reach prospective students, current students, and alumni. In 2009, JHU ranked fifth among US universities
in private fund–raising, collecting $433.39 million. Libraries The Johns Hopkins University Library system
houses more than 3.6 million volumes and includes ten main divisions across the university’s
campuses. The largest segment of this system is the
Sheridan Libraries, encompassing the Milton S. Eisenhower Library, the Hutzler Reading
Room in Gilman Hall, the John Work Garrett Library at Evergreen House, and the George
Peabody Library at the Peabody Institute campus. The main library, constructed in the 1960s,
was named for Milton S. Eisenhower, former president of the university and brother of
former U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower. The university’s stacks had previously been
housed in Gilman Hall and departmental libraries. Only two of the Eisenhower library’s six stories
are above ground, though the building was designed so that every level receives natural
light. The design accords with campus lore that no
structure can be taller than Gilman Hall, the flagship academic building. A four-story expansion to the library, known
as the Brody Learning Commons, opened in August 2012. The expansion features an energy-efficient,
state-of-the-art technology infrastructure and includes study spaces, seminar rooms,
and a rare books collection. Johns Hopkins University Press The Johns Hopkins University Press is the
publishing division of the Johns Hopkins University. It was founded in 1878 and holds the distinction
of being the oldest continuously running university press in the United States. To date the Press has published more than
6,000 titles and currently publishes 65 scholarly periodicals and over 200 new books each year. Since 1993, the Johns Hopkins University Press
has run Project MUSE, an online collection of over 250 full–text, peer–reviewed journals
in the humanities and social sciences. The Press also houses the Hopkins Fulfilment
Services, which handles distribution for a number of university presses and publishers. Taken together, the three divisions of the
Press—Books, Journals and HFS—make it one of the largest of America’s university
presses. Research
The opportunity to participate in important research is one of the distinguishing characteristics
of Hopkins’ undergraduate education. About 80 percent of undergraduates perform
independent research, often alongside top researchers. In FY 2009, Johns Hopkins received $1.856
billion in federal research grants—more than any other US university. Thirty-seven Nobel Prize winners have been
affiliated with the university as alumni or faculty members. Between 1999 and 2009, Johns Hopkins was among
the most cited institutions in the world. It attracted nearly 1,222,166 citations and
produced 54,022 papers under its name, ranking #3 globally in the number of total citations
published in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals over 22 fields in America. In FY 2000, Johns Hopkins received $95.4 million
in research grants from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, making it the leading
recipient of NASA research and development funding. In FY 2002, Hopkins became the first university
to cross the $1 billion threshold on either list, recording $1.14 billion in total research
and $1.023 billion in federally sponsored research. In FY 2008, Johns Hopkins University performed
$1.68 billion in science, medical and engineering research, making it the leading U.S. academic
institution in total R&D spending for the 30th year in a row, according to a National
Science Foundation ranking. These totals include grants and expenditures
of JHU’s Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland. The Johns Hopkins University also offers the
“Center for Talented Youth” program—a nonprofit organization dedicated to identifying and
developing the talents of the most promising K-12 grade students worldwide. As part of the Johns Hopkins University, the
“Center for Talented Youth” or CTY helps fulfill the university’s mission of preparing students
to make significant future contributions to the world. The Johns Hopkins Digital Media Center is
a multimedia lab space as well as an equipment, technology and knowledge resource for students
interested in exploring creative uses of emerging media and use of technology. Research centers and institutes Student life Charles Village, the region of North Baltimore
surrounding the university, has undergone several restoration projects, and the university
has gradually bought the property around the school for additional student housing and
dormitories. The Charles Village Project, completed in
2008, brought new commercial spaces to the neighborhood. The project included Charles Commons, a new,
modern residence hall that includes popular retail franchises. Hopkins invested in improving campus life
with an arts complex in 2001, the Mattin Center, and a three–story sports facility, the O’Connor
Recreation Center. The large on–campus dining facilities at
Homewood were renovated in the summer of 2006. Quality of life is enriched by the proximity
of neighboring academic institutions, including Loyola College, Maryland Institute College
of Art, UMBC, Goucher College, and Towson University, as well as the nearby neighborhoods
of Hampden, the Inner Harbor, Fells Point, and Mount Vernon. Student Organizations Traditions While it has been speculated that Johns Hopkins
has relatively few traditions for a school of its age and that many past traditions have
been forgotten, a handful of myths and customs are ubiquitous knowledge among the community. One such long-standing myth surrounds the
university seal that is embedded into the floor of the Gilman Hall foyer. The myth holds that any current student to
step on the seal will never graduate. In reverence for this tradition, the seal
has been fenced off from the rest of the room. A major annual festivity is the Johns Hopkins
Spring Fair, held on the Homewood campus over a three-day weekend in mid-to-late April. Food, arts and crafts, and non–profit vendors,
along with a popular musical act and various other activities attract nearly 25,000 people
from the greater Baltimore–Washington area. The Spring Fair is the largest entirely student–run
fair in the country. Another annual event is the Lighting of the
Quad, a ceremony each winter during which the campus is lit up in holiday lights. Recent years have included singing and fireworks. Housing Living on campus is typically required for
first- and second-year undergraduates. Freshman housing is centered around Freshman
Quad, which consists of three residence hall complexes: The two Alumni Memorial Residences
plus Buildings A and B. The AMR dormitories are each divided into houses, subunits named
for figures from the university’s early history. Freshmen are also housed in Wolman Hall and
the terrace floor of McCoy Hall, both located slightly outside the campus. Students determine where they will live during
Sophomore more through a housing lottery. Juniors and seniors may choose between entering
this lottery or moving into nearby apartments or row-houses. Non-freshmen in university housing occupy
one of four buildings: McCoy Hall, the Bradford Apartments, the Homewood Apartments, and Charles
Commons. All are located in Charles Village within
a block from the Homewood campus Athletics Athletic teams are called Blue Jays. Even though sable and gold are used for academic
robes, the university’s athletic colors are Columbia blue and black. Hopkins celebrates Homecoming in the spring
to coincide with the height of the lacrosse season. The Men’s and Women’s lacrosse teams are in
National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I. Other teams are in Division III and participate
in the Centennial Conference. JHU is also home to the Lacrosse Museum and
National Hall of Fame, maintained by US Lacrosse. Men’s lacrosse The school’s most prominent team is its men’s
lacrosse team. The team does not belong to a conference. The team has won 44 national titles – nine
Division I, 29 United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association, and six Intercollegiate
Lacrosse Association titles. Hopkins’ primary national rivals are Princeton
University, Syracuse University, and the University of Virginia; its primary intrastate rivals
are Loyola University Maryland, Towson University, the United States Naval Academy, and the University
of Maryland. The rivalry with Maryland is the oldest. The schools have met 111 times since 1899,
three times in playoff matches. On June 3, 2013, it was announced that the
Blue Jays would join the Big Ten Conference for lacrosse when that league begins sponsoring
the sport in the 2015 season. Women’s lacrosse The women’s team is a member of the American
Lacrosse Conference. The team is developing into a top twenty team. The Lady Blue Jays were ranked number 19 in
the 2008 Inside Lacrosse Women’s DI Media Poll. They ranked number 8 in both the 2007 Intercollegiate
Women’s Lacrosse Coaches Association Poll for Division I and the ILWDIMP. In 2006, they were ranked 14th in the ILWDIMP,
in 2005, they were 11th, and, in 2004, they were 9th. The team finished the 2012 season with a 9-9
record and finished the 2013 season with a 10-7 record. Other teams
Hopkins has notable Division III Athletic teams. JHU Men’s Swimming won three consecutive NCAA
Championships in 1977, 1978, and 1979. In 2009–2010, Hopkins won 8 Centennial Conference
titles in Women’s Cross Country, Women’s Track & Field, Baseball, Men’s and Women’s Soccer,
Football, and Men’s and Women’s Tennis. The Women’s Cross Country team became the
first women’s team at Hopkins to achieve a #1 National ranking. In 2006–2007 teams won Centennial Conference
titles in Baseball, Men’s and Women’s Soccer, Men’s and Women’s Tennis and Men’s Basketball. Women’s soccer won their Centennial Conference
title for 7 consecutive years from 2005-2011. Hopkins has an acclaimed fencing team, which
ranked in the top three Division III teams in the past few years and in both 2008 and
2007 defeated the University of North Carolina, a Division I team. In 2008, they defeated UNC and won the MACFA
championship. The Swimming team ranked highly in NCAA Division
III for the last 10 years, most recently placing second at DIII Nationals in 2008. The Water Polo team was number one in Division
III for several of the past years, playing a full schedule against Division I opponents. Hopkins also has a century-old rivalry with
McDaniel College, playing the Green Terrors 83 times in football since the first game
in 1894. In 2009 the football team reached the quarterfinals
of the NCAA Division III tournament, with three tournament appearances since 2005. In 2008, the baseball team ranked second,
losing in the final game of the DIII College World Series to Trinity College. The Johns Hopkins squash team plays in the
College Squash Association as a club team along with Division I and III varsity programs. In 2011-12m the squash team finished 30th
in the ranking. Noted people Nobel laureates As of 2011, there have been 37 Nobel Laureates
who either attended the university as undergraduate or graduate students, or were faculty members. Woodrow Wilson, who received his PhD from
Johns Hopkins in 1886, was Hopkins’ first affiliated laureate, winning the Nobel Peace
Prize in 1919. Twenty-three laureates were faculty members,
five earned PhDs, eight earned M.D.s, and Francis Peyton Rous and Martin Rodbell earned
undergraduate degrees. Eighteen Johns Hopkins laureates have won
the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Four Nobel Prizes were shared by Johns Hopkins
laureates: George Minot and George Whipple won the 1934 Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine, Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gasser won the 1944 Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine, Daniel Nathans and Hamilton O. Smith won the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine, and David H. Hubel and Torsten N. Wiesel won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine. Two Johns Hopkins laureates won Nobel Prizes
in Physics, Riccardo Giacconi in 2002 and Adam Riess in 2011. See also Johns Hopkins University in popular culture References External links
Official website Official athletics website
Media related to Johns Hopkins University at Wikimedia Commons