Has China surpassed USA in education?

September 21, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs

nowadays multiple countries compete all
around the world and more aspects than just the export and import of goods and
services the world has never been so accessible and thanks to this millions
of people all around the world have obtained the opportunity to visit other
nations the two biggest super powers in the world today the United States and
China compete in practically all areas this includes economics military
technology diplomacy and also an education China’s economic
transformation from being an exporting country to an economic superpower has
also made strides in the education of its population back in the 80s
China only had a literacy rate of about 79% now their literacy rate is at an
astonishing 99 percent the Chinese educational revolution has been one of
the largest educational projects in history since 1998 China has invested
massively in education nearly tripling the share of GDP devoted to it in the
previous decade the number of universities in China has doubled and
the number of students has increased fivefold this revolution has caused the
great change in the distribution of the world population of university graduates
for decades the US had the highest proportion of people attending
university they had been dominating the graduate market reflecting this old
supremacy among people aged 55 to 64 years old almost 1/3 of all graduates in
the world’s major economies are American but that is rapidly changing among the
younger generations in terms of Graduate production China has outperformed the
u.s. and the combined university systems of the European Union nations today we
will see the extent of Chinese education in the world and we will also address
the question whether the United States could eventually give up its position as
the main educational power in the world today the student debt problem in the
u.s. is so great that has reached a whopping trillion dollars that equates
to the entire GDP of Argentina Colombia Ecuador and Peru combined most
universities in the u.s. can easily cost around 25 to 30 thousand US dollars per
year and private universities can cost much more so for most Americans in order
to pursue their careers it’s almost an obligation to take loans or use their
family fortune in order to afford their education even for many American
students it has been impossible to attend university but curiously there
have been many foreign students who are willing in fact the majority of foreign
students who study in the u.s. pay much more than the average American student a
foreign student could easily pay about 45 or 60 thousand dollars for just one
year of education not even including the living costs who could pay such high
sums of money without the possibility of working as the US doesn’t allow it the
answer is that the majority of foreign students in the u.s. do not come from
traditionally rich nations such as the UK France or Japan the u.s. in fact has
the largest population of foreign students in the world exceeding more
than a million the vast majority of foreign students in the US comes from
China which currently has 360,000 students followed by India with nearly
200,000 students these two countries make up over half of foreign students in
the United States with China taking up more than 32% of the cake China has
already become one of the largest exporters of students in the world in
France the Chinese are already the third largest group of foreign students just
after the Algerians and Moroccans the same situation is reflected in many
other European countries where China already contributes the largest group of
foreign students and this trend is not a coincidence the enrichment of the
Chinese population has motivated families to send their children abroad
especially recognized educational powers such as the u.s. France Germany England
and Australia it is not surprising that the Chinese elite send their children to
these countries and to their most elite universities for example the only
daughter of the Chinese President Xi Jinping that
at Harvard while Chinese students represent 36 percent of foreign students
in the US they only represent 1.2 4 percent of all students in the country
an article this year declared that foreign students contribute to more than
22 billion dollars to the economy of the US universities with financial
difficulties are actively recruiting students from abroad and the number of
first-year students in the US has almost tripled since the recession of 2008 the
increase in income seems to be a key factor in hiring Chinese students which
sometimes causes universities to choose the financial benefits over academic
integrity other countries such as France have already taken steps to obtain some
economic benefit from the vast amount of Chinese students higher education in
France is in fact free for both the French and foreigners at least it was up
until last year’s education reform this reform required new foreign students
from outside the European Union to pay between 3000 and 4000 euros per year
this measure is practically designed to do two things the first is to increase
the income of French universities with an increasing number of Chinese students
with greater purchasing power but also to reduce the number of students coming
from the African continent that currently represents 45 percent of
foreign students in the country the massive influx of Chinese students has
filled public and private universities in the US and this has motivated Ivy
League American universities to open up several campuses in mainland China China
has also done the same but not with its universities but with its Confucius
Institutes all around the world expanding and making known the Chinese
language and culture this educational and cultural exchange has been typically
seen as a good thing during the last decade however in recent years due to
the rising tensions between DC and Beijing between the two countries tech
giants Apple and Huawei the expansion of Chinese technology has taken its toll on
the relations and sentiments of Chinese students in the u.s. DC suspects that
the Chinese government is using its sponsorship of the Confucius Institutes
to promote pro Chinese propaganda on US campuses it would also be believed that
there is spying being done on Chinese students in the US
with limiting effects on academic freedom in the US Australia and other
countries concerns have been raised about whether Chinese students and
researchers some of who apparently hide close ties with the Chinese military and
the Communist Party are using their access to laboratories and research
centers steal intellectual property or patents in June of last year the u.s.
shortened the duration of five-year visas to one year for Chinese graduate
students studying aviation robotics and advanced manufacturing officials in the
United States said that the goal was to reduce the risk of espionage and theft
of intellectual property in areas vital to national security but now the Trump
administration is considering whether to subject Chinese students to further
investigation before attending a school in the US the Chinese government has
repeatedly insisted that DC has exaggerated the problems for political
reasons the ambassador of China in the u.s. states that their accusations to
her China were unfounded and indecent one of the attacked objectives of the
government of the US where the Confucius Institutes Chinese linguistic and
cultural centers financed by the Chinese government in some 100 American campuses
the US government has accused the centers of being spying centers and
propaganda weapons of the Chinese government and they have been pressured
to register as foreign agents a defense spending bill was enacted last summer
which banned universities with Confucius Institutes to use federal funds for
training and the Chinese language in the last year more than half a dozen
universities have announced that they will close their Confucius Institutes
one of the most recent have been the University of Rhode Island which decided
to close the Institute due to the lack of federal funds in 2006 there were
about 10,000 Chinese students that graduated from American universities at
the graduate level by 2016 there were more than 140,000 Chinese undergraduate
students in the US however by the start of 2017
a negative trend began and the number of Chinese students began to decline for
the first time in more than two decades the reason for this is very clear in
obvious the attitude of the white house and the anti Chinese rhetoric has caused
many Chinese to return to their country after theirs
studies or in some cases they have even interrupted their studies student
environment for foreign nationals in the US has degraded some universities in
Oregon and Illinois has seen a significant decrease in the enrollment
of Chinese students this year the wealthy Chinese families looked to the
US as a place where an academic degree guarantees a good working future either
in the US or China however more and more Chinese students are beginning to stay
in the States after their studies China is a country with 40 universities within
the best 500 universities in the world thus China has already exceeded France
last year which has only about 35 universities within the top 100 China is
a country with 40 universities within the best 500 universities in the world
thus China has already exceeded France last year which only has about 35
universities within the top 500 the only countries that are currently above China
is the US the UK and Germany in fact it could even be said that China would have
an academic level higher than that of the US this is verified last year by the
PISA report which are a result of academic tests based on the students
mathematical reading and analysis skills the latest visa report was made in 2015
and the new report will be revealed by the end of this year but for the moment
using the last reports we can see that China is in 10th place in terms of the
maximum score above countries such as Germany the Netherlands or even
Australia the territory of Hong Kong is not yet fully incorporated into China
and it is the country with the second highest score in the reports only
surpassed by Singapore neither the u.s. nor the UK nor France or even Sweden
obtained a score higher than 500 which would place them within the yellow range
of countries that can be observed education has become something so
primordial in China that for example the entrance exam the entire university is
so difficult the adolescents prepare almost their entire life for the exam
especially from the age of 13 the exam lasts two full days for more than 12
consecutive hours this is the exam that will define the University and faculty
in which students will go to and in the end marked their future
2014 75% of Chinese students passed but only 3% went to the best universities in
the country and this exam is so serious that if you are caught cheating you’ll
be sent to prison for seven years in 2014 it was estimated that 90% of
adolescent suicide had to do with the anxiety generated by this test known to
be the most difficult in the world for the most brilliant in the country China
gives the opportunity to go abroad and study either in a graduate or doctorate
program especially in the Natural Sciences one of the conditions however
is that they are required to return to the country and apply wha has been
learned in order to avoid brain drain spi the intelligence unit for The
Economist’s Nix that channel will have the largest amount of graduates in areas
of science technology engineering and mathematics by 2030 surpassing the
United States the first time ever meanwhile and it continues to send more
students abroad than any other country in the world according to UNESCO there
are as many as 1 million Chinese students studying outside of the country
Speight recent claims that recent graduates are having trouble
reintegrating act into the country after their studies number is still continued
to grow every year for many in China having Western education and
professional experience a good addition to their CV avoid unemployment or what
is clear that China is taking more and more prominence on the u.s. in the area
of education it has already surpassed the u.s. in terms of academic
performance as the PISA report shows has also overtaken France as the fourth
country in the world the best universities and soon it is expected
that they will overtake Germany as well the rivalry between the two greatest
superpowers in the world and not only in politics economics but also in education
as well and in the coming years we’ll see how far trynna can overtake
the u.s. in this aspect and if they will overtake the US and other aspects as
well and their attempts to be the superpower of the world so what do you
think about the educational system that china is implementing do you think that
the u.s. suspicions are correct that china is using its graduates to spy on
American technology leave your comments below I hope you liked this video and
don’t forget to Like and subscribe for more content like this every single week
see you next time