George Washington University | Wikipedia audio article

George Washington University | Wikipedia audio article

October 11, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


The George Washington University (GW, GWU,
or George Washington) is a private research university in Washington, D.C. It was charted
in 1821 by an act of the United States Congress. The university is organized into 14 colleges
and schools, including the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, the Elliott School of
International Affairs, the School of Media and Public Affairs, the Trachtenberg School
of Public Policy and Public Administration, the GW Law School, and the Corcoran School
of the Arts and Design. George Washington’s main Foggy Bottom Campus is located in the
heart of Washington, D.C., with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank located on
campus and the White House and the U.S. Department of State within blocks of campus. GWU hosts
numerous research centers and institutes, including the National Security Archive and
the Institute for International Economic Policy. GWU has two satellite campuses: the Mount
Vernon Campus, located in D.C.’s Foxhall neighborhood and the Virginia Science and Technology Campus
in the Washington Metropolitan Area. It is the largest institution of higher education
in the District of Columbia. George Washington offers degree programs in seventy-one disciplines,
enrolling an average of 11,000 undergraduate and 15,500 post-graduate students from more
than 130 countries.George Washington, the 1st President of the United States, advocated
the establishment of a national university in the U.S. capital in his first State of
the Union address in 1790 and continued to promote this idea throughout his career and
until his death. In his will, Washington left shares in the Potomac Company to endow the
university. However, due to the company’s financial difficulties, funds were raised
independently. On 9 February 1821, the university was founded by an Act of Congress, making
it one of only 5 universities in the United States with a Congressional charter.George
Washington was ranked 63rd nationally by U.S. News & World Report. The Princeton Review
ranked GWU 1st for Top Colleges or Universities for Internship Opportunities. As of 2015,
George Washington had over 1,100 active alumni in the U.S. Foreign Service, the nation’s
diplomatic corps. GWU is consistently ranked by The Princeton Review in the top “Most Politically
Active” Schools. George Washington is home to student life
programs with the College Democrats and College Republicans chapters, as well as a strong
Greek culture, and over 450 other student organizations. The school’s athletic teams,
the George Washington Colonials, play in the Atlantic 10 Conference.
George Washington alumni, faculty and affiliates include numerous prominent politicians, U.S.
Military officials including four living former Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, CEOs
of major corporations, scientists, Nobel laureates, MacArthur fellows, Olympic athletes, Academy
Award and Golden Globe winners, royalty, and Time 100 notables.==History=====Founding and early history===
Historical records have shown that the first president of the United States, President
George Washington, had made indications to Congress that he aspired to have a university
established in the capital of the United States. He presented numerous letters to Congress
and included the subject in his last will and testament.Baptist missionary and leading
minister Luther Rice raised funds to purchase a site in Washington, D.C. for a college to
educate citizens from throughout the young nation. A large building was constructed on
College Hill, which is now known as Meridian Hill, and on February 9, 1821, President James
Monroe approved the congressional charter creating the non-denominational Columbian
College.The first commencement in 1824 was considered an important event for the young
city of Washington, D.C. In attendance were President Monroe, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay,
Marquis de Lafayette and other dignitaries. During the Civil War, most students left to
join the Confederacy and the college’s buildings were used as a hospital and barracks. Walt
Whitman was among many of the volunteers to work on the campus. Following the war, in
1873, Columbian College became the Columbian University and moved to an urban downtown
location centered on 15th and H streets, NW.In 1904, Columbian University changed its name
to the George Washington University in an agreement with the George Washington Memorial
Association to build a campus building in honor of the first U.S. President. Neither
the university nor the association were able to raise enough funds for the proposed building
near the National Mall; however, the institution retained the name and the money that was raised
went to the eventual construction of Lisner Auditorium. The university moved its principal
operations to the D.C. neighborhood of Foggy Bottom in 1912.The George Washington University,
like much of Washington, D.C., traces many of its origins back to the Freemasons. The
Bible that the President of the George Washington University use to swear an oath on upon inauguration
is the Bible of Freemason George Washington. Freemasonry symbols are prominently displayed
throughout the campus including the foundation stones of many of the university buildings.
Many of the Colleges of the George Washington University stand out for their age and history.
The Law School is the oldest law school in the District of Columbia. The School of Medicine
and Health Sciences is the 11th oldest medical school in the nation. The Columbian College
was founded in 1821, and is the oldest unit of the university. The Elliott School of International
Affairs was formalized in 1898.===Expansion===The majority of the present infrastructure
and financial stability at GW is due to the tenures of GW Presidents Cloyd Heck Marvin,
Lloyd Hartman Elliott and Stephen Joel Trachtenberg. In the 1930s, the university was a major center
for theoretical physics. The cosmologist George Gamow produced critical work on the Big Bang
theory at GW in the 1930s and 1940s. In one of the most important moments in the 20th
century, Niels Bohr announced that Otto Hahn had successfully split the atom on January
26, 1939, at the Fifth Washington Conference on theoretical physics in the Hall of Government.During
the Vietnam War era, Thurston Hall, an undergraduate dormitory housing 1,116 students was a staging
ground for student anti-war Demonstrations. (At 1900 F Street NW, the building is 3 blocks
from the White House.) In 1996, the university purchased the Mount
Vernon College for Women in the city’s Palisades neighborhood that became the school’s coeducational
Mount Vernon Campus. The campus was first utilized in 1997 for women only, but became
co-educational in a matter of years. The Mount Vernon campus is now totally integrated into
the GW community, serving as a complement to the Foggy Bottom campus.
In December 2006, the university named Johns Hopkins University provost Steven Knapp as
the next President of the George Washington University He began his presidency on August
1, 2007. In 2017, Thomas LeBlanc, provost of the University of Miami, was named the
current President of the George Washington University.==Campuses==The George Washington University has three
fully integrated campuses in the D.C. area. These are the Foggy Bottom Campus, the Mount
Vernon Campus, and the Virginia Science and Technology Campus. The Foggy Bottom Campus
houses the vast majority of academic programming. Residence halls exist on the Foggy Bottom
and Mount Vernon campuses. The George Washington University library system
contains the Gelman Library, the Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, the Burns Law Library,
the Eckles Memorial Library, and the Virginia Science and Technology Library.===Foggy Bottom===The main GW campus consists of 43 acres (170,000
m2) in historic Foggy Bottom and is located a few blocks from the White House, the World
Bank, International Monetary Fund, State Department and the National Mall. Barring a few outlying
buildings, the boundaries of campus are delineated by (running clockwise from Washington Circle)
Pennsylvania Avenue, 19th Street, E Street, Virginia Avenue, 24th Street, and New Hampshire
Avenue. The university owns much of the property in Foggy Bottom and leases it to various tenants,
including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Other nearby institutions include
the Harry S. Truman Building (Department of State headquarters), John F. Kennedy Center
for the Performing Arts, United States Institute of Peace, Watergate complex and the embassies
of Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Spain, Uruguay and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The University Yard is the main open space and historic heart of the university. Along
with George Washington’s main library, Gelman Library, they constitute the hub of the main
campus. The seven-story Gelman Library building contains over two million volumes and is constructed
in the Brutalist architectural style of the 1970s. It features a concrete façade punctuated
by windows that are divided by projecting vertical slabs. For most of the year, parts
of the library are open 24 hours a day, seven days per week for use by students, faculty
and staff. The seventh floor of the library includes the Special Collections Research
Center, National Security Archives, Global Resources Center and Kiev Library. The NSA
is a research institution that publishes declassified U.S. government files concerning selected
topics of American foreign policy. It was a National Security Archive Freedom of Information
Act request that eventually made the Central Intelligence Agency’s so-called “Family Jewels”
public.Close to the library is Lisner Auditorium and a large open area between them is known
as Kogan Plaza. Southeast of the plaza and located near Monroe Hall and Hall of Government
is the Monroe Court, a landscaped area with a large fountain. The Foggy Bottom–GWU Washington
Metro station is located at the intersection of 23rd and I Streets NW due south of Washington
Circle, and provides access to the Orange, Blue and Silver lines. The University Hospital
is located next to the Metro station entrance.The Foggy Bottom campus contains most of the residential
dormitories in which GW students live. The most notable include: Shenkman Hall, Thurston
Hall, Madison Hall, Potomac House, Fulbright Hall, Mitchell Hall, Crawford Hall, Schenley
Hall, Munson Hall, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis Hall, Phillip Amsterdam Hall, the
West End, City Hall, Guthridge Hall, Madison Hall, Townhouse Row, and the newest residence,
South Hall, among others. The largest residence halls on campus are Thurston Hall, Shenkman
Hall, Amsterdam Hall, South Hall, Mitchell Hall, and newly built District House, which
opened in 2016. In late 2007, construction began on a large
mixed-use residential, office and retail development located on the site of the old GW Hospital
(Square 54) and just east of the Foggy Bottom-GWU Metrorail station. It was the second-largest
undeveloped lot in the District of Columbia at the time of initial construction activity.
In 2014, the university assumed ownership of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the oldest
private art museum in Washington D.C. and independent college of art and design. The
college of art and design became The Corcoran School of the Arts and Design under the Columbian
College of Arts and Sciences. The National Gallery of Art will acquire many of the 17,000
pieces of art from the Corcoran and the rest will be donated to other museums around the
country. In May 2014, GW opened the Milken Institute School of Public Health, a nine-story
building that received LEED certification for sustainability features including a green
roof, rainwater collection system and special heating and air conditioning technologies
that helps mass air displacement. The Textile Museum reopened to the public in March 2015
after the institution merged with the university in 2011 and closed it for renovations two
years later.===Mount Vernon Campus===In 1996, the university purchased the Mount
Vernon College for Women in the city’s Palisades neighborhood that became the school’s coeducational
Mount Vernon Campus. Initially, the Mount Vernon Campus remained exclusively a women’s
college until 1999 when GW changed its operations to a co-ed facility. Now known as the Mount
Vernon campus, it is totally integrated into the GW community, serving as a complement
to the Foggy Bottom campus. The campus has transportation systems connecting the students
to the GW campus in Foggy Bottom. It also includes Eckles Library, six residence halls,
Lloyd Gymnasium, The GW-Mount Vernon Athletic Complex and other various campus facilities.===Virginia Science and Technology Campus
===The George Washington University also operates
a research and graduate campus in Ashburn, Virginia (near Dulles International Airport)
which was established in 1991. Starting with a donation of 50 acres from Robert H. Smith,
the campus grew to 101 acres by 2010.Additionally, the university also operates several other
graduate satellite education centers. These include the Alexandria Graduate Education
Center in Alexandria, the Graduate Education Center in Arlington, and the Hampton Roads
Center in Newport News. The Virginia Science and Technology Campus hosts research and educational
partnerships with industry and government officials and offers more than 20 graduate
degrees.The Virginia Science and Technology Campus is home to the first walkable solar-power
sidewalk in the world. The project began in 2012 and was completed two years later, inaugurated
in October 2014.==Organization==
The George Washington University is governed by the GW Board of Trustees, the President
of the George Washington University, provost, vice presidents, deans, and department chairs.
The university employs over 6,000 faculty members, administrators, and support staff.
In 2007, Steven Knapp was named university president, who has previously taught at the
University of California, Berkeley and was later the provost at Johns Hopkins University.
Knapp was the university’s sixteenth president. The current President of the George Washington
University is Thomas LeBlanc.===Schools and colleges===
GW is organized into fourteen schools and colleges, each with a different dean and organization.
The Columbian College of Arts and Sciences was the original academic unit of the university.
The Medical School is the 11th oldest medical school in the nation and the first to open
in the District of Columbia. The Law School was also the first law school in the District
of Columbia. Each academic unit has a distinct identity within the broader university. The
Graduate School of Political Management and the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design
were organized outside of the university, later to join in 1987 and 2014, respectively.===Columbian College of Arts and Sciences
===The Columbian College of Arts and Sciences
(CCAS) is the oldest and largest college in the university. It was founded in 1821; at
the beginning of the university’s history, there was no distinction between this college
and the university. The School of Media and Public Affairs (SMPA), and the Trachtenberg
School of Public Policy and Public Administration (SPPPA) belong to this college, although they
are run separately. The Columbian College was among the first American institutions
to grant a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), in 1888. The Columbian College is notable for
its academic diversity, and offers a wide range of majors and courses of study. The
Columbian College contains the Trachenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration,
the School of Media and Public Affairs, and the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design.
The Columbian College is primarily house in Philips Hall, Rome Hall, Smith Hall of Art,
MPA Building, Monroe Hall, Hall of Government, Old Main, Corcoran Hall, Bell Hall, Samson
Hall, Lisner Hall, and many other places around campus. The college is also present on the
Mount Vernon and Virginia Campuses.====Trachtenberg School of Public Policy
and Public Administration====The Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and
Public Administration is a graduate school in the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences.
The Trachtenberg School offers Master of Public Policy, Master of Public Administration, and
PhD degrees in Public Policy and Public Administration. The school works in partnership with the Elliott
School of International Affairs, the School of Public Health and Health Services, and
the Graduate School of Education & Human Development to offer a variety of concentrations for its
graduates. For Public Affairs Schools, it is ranked 12th nationwide by U.S. News & World
Report, and 10th in Public Management Administration.====School of Media and Public Affairs====The School of Media and Public Affairs (SMPA),
which, although run separately, belongs to the Columbian College of Arts in Sciences.
It offers two undergraduate degrees, Journalism and Mass Communication and Political Communication
and a master’s degree in Media and Public Affairs. It is housed in the same building
as the Graduate School of Political Management. The Public Affairs Project at GW, part of
SMPA, is responsible for the creation and production of the PBS special, Planet Forward.
School of Media and Public Affairs (SMPA) was the first in the nation to offer a bachelor’s
degree in Political Communication. The program boasts a faculty of retired and current professionals
– including CNN correspondents, journalists, political analysts, and campaign professionals.
The school is consistently ranked in the top 10 programs in the nation.====Corcoran School of the Arts and Design
====The Corcoran School of the Arts and Design
is housed in the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences. Previously the Corcoran College
of Art and Design and Corcoran Gallery of Art, the institution merged the college operations
with the George Washington University. The school retained over 20 full-time faculty
members, and the college will continue to function as a separate entity within the university.
The school has a historic building facing the White House on 17th Street.===School of Business===
The George Washington School of Business was established in 1928 with a $1 million gift
by the Supreme Council of Scottish Rite Freemasonry Southern Jurisdiction. On February 6, 2006,
the Chairman and CEO of FedEx, Frederick W. Smith, opened a new complex for the school
called Duquès Hall. The business school is primarily housed in Ric and Dawn Duques Hall
and Norma Lee and Morton Funger Hall. As of January 2018, its undergraduate business program
was ranked 42nd nationally and its International Business program was ranked 9th by U.S. News
& World Report.===School of Medicine and Health Sciences
===The School of Medicine and Health Sciences
(SMHS) or simply the George Washington School of Medicine, the first in the nation’s capital,
was founded in 1824 due to the need for doctors in the District of Columbia. In 1981, the
Medical Center became the center of the national spotlight when President Ronald Reagan was
rushed to the emergency room after an attempted assassination. The emergency room area was
later renamed the Ronald Reagan Institute of Emergency Medicine, and other politicians,
such as former Vice President Dick Cheney, come to GW for routine and emergency procedures.
Cheney and wife Lynne Cheney then helped to start the Richard B. and Lynne V. Cheney Cardiovascular
Institute in 2006. Others include former First Lady Laura Bush who was treated for a pinched
nerve a few years ago. SMHS is primarily housed in the GW Hospital,
Ross Hall, and many other centers along K Street and throughout the city.===School of Engineering and Applied Science
===The School of Engineering and Applied Science
(SEAS) was founded on October 1, 1884 as the Corcoran Scientific School of Columbian University.
The school separated from the Columbian College in 1962 and was one of the first to accept
women for degree candidacy in engineering. The bazooka was invented at the SEAS in 1942.
The school moved into the new Science and Engineering Hall in D.C. in March 2015.===Elliott School of International Affairs
===The Elliott School of International Affairs
(ESIA) was founded in 1898 as the School of Comparative Jurisprudence and Diplomacy. Under
President Lloyd Elliott, the school separated from Columbian College. On September 3, 2003,
alumnus Colin Powell opened a new complex for this school at 1957 E Street NW in front
of the Department of State. As of February 2015, its undergraduate program was ranked
8th globally by Foreign Policy magazine, while the graduate program is currently ranked 7th
in the world. ESIA is primarily housed in Elliott Hall at 1957 E St.===School of Nursing===
The history of nursing education at GW spans more than 100 years. In 2002, Jean Johnson,
PhD, RN, FAAN, then senior associate dean for Health Sciences, met with the nursing
faculty to assess GW’s capacity to create GW’s own degree programs. The faculty moved
forward to develop a MSN in the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences with programs
in adult nurse practitioner, family nurse practitioner, nursing leadership and management,
and clinical research administration. The first MSN class was admitted in 2004.Meanwhile,
approval was also obtained to develop a Department of Nursing Education. As the first and only
chair of the department, Ellen Dawson, PhD, RN, ANP, led the MSN program to accreditation
in time for the graduation of the first class in 2006. In addition, she spearheaded the
development of both the doctor of nursing practice (DNP) program and the 15-month (four
consecutive semesters) accelerated second degree bachelor of nursing science (ABSN)
program located in Ashburn, VA. The first classes for these degrees were admitted in
2007 and 2009, respectively.In 2010 the GW School of Nursing was re-established and is
now the university’s 10th academic institution, with Drs. Jean Johnson and Ellen Dawson as
the founding deans.===Law School===The George Washington University Law School
was established in 1826 and is the oldest law school in the District of Columbia. Supreme
Court Justices Clarence Thomas, William Strong, David J. Brewer, Willis Van Devanter and John
Marshall Harlan were among those who served on its faculty. Chief Justice John Roberts,
Justice Sonia Sotomayor, Justice Samuel Alito, and Justice Antonin Scalia presided over its
moot court in 2006, 2007 and 2009, respectively. The law school is located primarily on the
east side of University Yard.===Graduate School of Education and Human
Development===The Graduate School of Education & Human Development
(GSEHD) officially started in 1909. The school is composed of five distinct academic departments,
and it is one of the largest schools within GW.===College of Professional Studies===
The George Washington University College of Professional Studies (CPS) was founded during
the Trachtenberg Presidency. The Graduate School of Political Management is included
within the college. CPS offers courses on both the Foggy Bottom and Virginia campuses.====Graduate School of Political Management
====The Graduate School of Political Management
(GSPM) is an academic unit of the College of Professional Studies. GSPM offers graduate
degrees in legislative affairs, political management, and other related disciplines.
The current director is Lara Brown.===Milken Institute School of Public Health
===Established in July 1997, and renamed in March
2014, the Milken Institute School of Public Health brought together three longstanding
university programs in the schools of medicine, business, and education that have since expanded
substantially. Today, more than 900 students from nearly every U.S. state and more than
35 nations pursue undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral-level degrees in public health.
Its student body is one of the most ethnically diverse among the nation’s private schools
of public health. The School also offers an array of joint degree
programs, allowing students to couple a law degree with the Master of Public Health (MPH),
or to combine an MPH with a medical degree or an MA in International Affairs. An MPH/Physician
Assistant program, the first in the world, is available at the Milken Institute SPH,
as is the opportunity to serve as a Peace Corps volunteer while pursuing an MPH.====Jacobs Institute of Women’s Health====
The Milken Institute School of Public Health also houses a nonprofit organization, the
Jacobs Institute of Women’s Health. It aims to improve the health care of women of all
ages both nationally and internationally by creating spaces designed to encourage interdisciplinary
discussions on women’s health. The institute also produces an academic journal, Women’s
Health Issues. The institute’s executive director is Susan Wood.==Academics=====Admission===
According to the self-provided data by George Washington University, as of the 2011–2012
academic year, the acceptance rate for the Medical School was 3%, receiving 10,588 applications.
Also, the law school was 23%, receiving 10,021 applications, and undergraduate studies was
32%, receiving 21,433 applications. As of 2015, George Washington University no longer
required the SAT and ACT test scores for applicants in order to boost the enrollment of disadvantaged
students.There are approximately 10,000 full-time undergraduates studying at George Washington
University, and 14,000 graduate students. A total of 25,000 students are enrolled at
GW in one of the three locations, coming from all 50 states and over 120 countries. Nearly
900 students participate in GW’s Study Abroad Programs each semester in 50 countries. GW
is the largest higher education institution in Washington D.C.At George Washington University,
tuition is guaranteed to remain at the freshman rate for up to ten continuous (full-time)
semesters of undergraduate attendance at the university. The 2015–2016 academic year
tuition rate was $50,367.GW has a large financial aid budget. Overall students were awarded
$240,398,207 dollars during the 2012–2013 academic year. For the FY2011 cohort of students,
the student loan default rate was 1.4, one of the lowest in the nation. For the 2010–2011
school year, the freshman retention rate was 94.3%. GW requires that students live on campus
for their first three years of enrollment as undergraduates.===Enrollment===During the 2013–2014 academic year, there
were 5,015 undergraduates enrolled in the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, 2,005
in the Elliott School of International Affairs, 1,566 in the School of Business, 774 in the
School of Engineering and Applied Science, 367 in the George Washington University School
of Medicine and Health Sciences, 174 in the Milken Institute School of Public Health,
and 153 in the School of Nursing.Students come from all 50 U.S. states. The top states
include New York, California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Florida, Illinois
and Connecticut.George Washington University has many international students at both the
undergraduate and graduate levels. During the 2013–2014 academic year, there were
over 130 countries represented among the student body. The most represented countries represented
were China, South Korea, India, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Mexico, United Kingdom, Turkey, France,
Nigeria, Pakistan, Japan, Iran, Germany, Brazil, Colombia, and Vietnam.====University rankings====
GW is ranked as tied for 25th of the Top Universities for Producing Billionaires 2016-2017, by Times
Higher Education’s World University Rankings, which also ranks GW as 51st of the Top 100
Universities for Producing Millionaires in the world.Apart from its national ranking,
Forbes ranks GW as 46th in Research Universities.George Washington is ranked 61st for the Best Global
Universities for Social Sciences and Public Health 2018 by U.S. News & World Report.GW
is ranked as the 66th wealthiest university in the world.The Princeton Review consistently
ranks George Washington University in the Top 10 for the following categories:
Most Politically Active Dorms Like Palaces
Great College Towns Best in the Northeast
Best College Newspaper Most Popular Study Abroad Program==Research==The George Washington University is the largest
research university in the District of Columbia. The Carnegie Classification for research lists
GW in the highest tier of “R1: Doctoral Universities – Highest Research Activity.” Also, George
Washington University is consistently ranked among the top research universities in the
nation for total expenditures. Areas of the university with high research activity are
the Milken Institute of Public Health, the School of Engineering and Applied Science,
the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, and the School of Medicine and Health Sciences.===Research centers and institutes===
The George Washington University has many research centers including:==Student life==The university is located in downtown D.C.,
near the Kennedy Center, embassies, and other cultural events. Students are known as highly
politically active; Uni in the USA stated that “politics at George Washington is about
as progressive as it gets”.There are many student organizations at the university. GW
has a Division I athletics program that includes men’s baseball, basketball, cross country,
golf, gymnastics, women’s lacrosse, rowing, sailing, soccer, women’s softball, squash,
swimming, tennis, women’s volleyball and water polo. Colonials athletics teams compete in
the Atlantic 10 Conference. The Division II men’s and women’s Rugby Teams both compete
in the Potomac Rugby Union.===Student organizations and government===Most student organizations are run through
the George Washington University Student Association (SA). The SA is fashioned after the federal
government with an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. There are over 500 registered
student organizations on campus. The largest student organization on campus, the GW College
Democrats have hosted speakers such as CNN contributor Donna Brazile and former DNC Chairman
Howard Dean among many others. Likewise, the GW College Republicans, the largest CR chapter
in the nation, have been visited by politicians like John Ashcroft former Florida Governor
Jeb Bush and former President George W. Bush. The International Affairs Society (IAS) runs
the university’s internationally top-ranked Model United Nations team, in addition to
hosting yearly high school and middle school Model UN conferences on campus. This organization
also hosts various foreign dignitaries, US Government officials and subject matter experts
to further inform and foster international understanding both in the university’s student
body and the greater D.C. community. There are also several a cappella performance
groups on campus. The university’s school-sponsored a cappella group, the co-ed GW Troubadours,
has been a presence on campus since the mid-1950s and regularly records studio albums and travels
internationally with the Department of Music. The Sons of Pitch, GW’s only male a cappella
group, has been around since 2003, and the female group the GW Pitches was founded in
1996. All the groups are extremely committed to charity work, with the Troubadours holding
an annual philanthropic concert in the fall entitled “Acappellapalooza,” and the Sons
of Pitch holding one in the spring named “The United States of A-Cappella.” In the case
of the former, groups from GWU are drawn for a concert, in the latter, groups from around
the nation. The groups have raised tens of thousands of dollars for various charitable
causes. Additionally, the university is home to the Voice gospel choir, a group that sings
gospel music, the GW Vibes, a co-ed group focusing on soulful music. The GW Sirens,
another all girls group, and the GW Motherfunkers, a coed top 40 group, were created in 2003
and 2012, respectively. Each year, the groups duke it out at the Battle of the A-Cappella
groups, one of the biggest student events on GW’s campus.
Another student group, the Emergency Medical Response Group (EMeRG) provides an all volunteer
24/7 ambulance service for the campus and the Foggy Bottom/West End community at no
cost. EMeRG has been active on campus since 1994 and has advanced from bike response into
a two ambulance system that is sanctioned by the District of Columbia Department of
Health and DC Fire and EMS (DCFEMS). EMeRG also plays an active role in special events
in around the DC area including the Marine Corps Marathon, National Marathon, Cherry
Blossom Race, Commencement, Inauguration and other events in downtown D.C. and on the National
Mall.===Greek life===GW has a large Greek community with over 3,000
students consisting of just under 27 percent of the undergraduate population. Greek organizations
are divided up between and governed by the Inter-Fraternity Council with 14 chapters,
the Panhellenic Association with 11 chapters, and the Multicultural Greek Council with 13
chapters. Other Greek-life, known as “Alternative Greek Life” or simply “Alt-Greek”, exists
on campus in the form of professional, community-serviced based and honor groups although not under
the university’s traditional Greek life governing structure but instead are considered separate
student organizations===Scholarly societies===There are chapters of many varied academic
groups at the university. The local chapter of the Society of Physics Students was at
one time under the auspices of world-renowned scientists like George Gamow, Ralph Asher
Alpher, Mario Schoenberg and Edward Teller, who have all taught at the university. The
Enosinian Society, founded in 1822, is one of the university’s oldest student organizations.
Invited speakers included Daniel Webster.===Campus media===
There are four major news sources on campus: the independent student-run newspaper The
GW Hatchet, which publishes articles online daily and a print edition weekly; The Rival
GW, an online-only student-run publication; the online-only radio station, WRGW; and the
university’s official news source, GW Today. GW also publishes a peer-reviewed journal,
The International Affairs Review, which is run by graduate students at the Elliott School.===Environmental sustainability===
George Washington University was ranked number 12 on The Sierra Club’s magazine “Cool Schools
List” for 2014 and was included in the Princeton Review’s Guide to 322 Green Schools for 2013.
The campus has a campus-wide building energy efficiency program along with nine LEED-certified
buildings including the Milken Institute School of Public Health building. The school is reaching
for a higher rating by updating facilities with energy efficient technologies.==Athletics and spirit programs==George Washington University is a member of
the Atlantic 10 Conference and most of its teams play at the NCAA Division I level. All
indoor sports play at the Smith Center on the Foggy Bottom campus. The outdoor events
are held at the Mount Vernon campus Athletic Complex. The university’s colors are buff
and blue (buff being a color similar to tan, but sometimes represented as gold or yellow).
The colors were taken from George Washington’s uniform in the Revolutionary War. The teams
have achieved great successes in recent years including a first round victory in the Men’s
NCAA Division I Soccer Tournament in 2004. The men’s and women’s varsity crew team rows
out of Thompson’s Boat Center on the Potomac River and competes in the Eastern Association
of Rowing Colleges. In the 2008–09 season, the men’s crew team placed an all-time high
national ranking of 12th in the country. The sailing team competes in the Middle Atlantic
Intercollegiate Sailing Association and in gymnastics in the East Atlantic Gymnastics
League. In 2007 the GW Men’s Water Polo team placed third at Eastern Championships, and
was ranked 14th in the nation.===Basketball===Mike Jarvis coached GW in the 1990s, and led
the team to the NCAA Sweet 16 in 1993, where they were beaten by the Fab Five University
of Michigan team (which later vacated its wins due to NCAA rule violations). Jarvis
also coached former Colonials head coach Karl Hobbs in high school. Former NBA player Yinka
Dare also played at George Washington for two years before being drafted in the first
round by the New Jersey Nets. Under former head coach Karl Hobbs, GW’s basketball
team returned to the national stage in 2004 after defeating No. 9 Michigan State and No.
12 Maryland in back to back games to win the 2004 BB&T Classic. That year, the men’s basketball
team went on to win the Atlantic 10 West Title and the Atlantic 10 Tournament Title, earning
an automatic bid to the 2005 NCAA Tournament. The team received a No. 12 seed, losing to
No. 5 seed Georgia Tech in the first round. The team began the 2005–06 season ranked
21st in the Associated Press poll, reaching as high as sixth in the polls, and after some
tournament success they closed out the year ranked 19th in the nation. They had a record
of 26-2 going into the 2006 NCAA Tournament. The 2005–06 team achieved the school’s highest
ranking in the last 50 years, peaking at #6 in the nation, had been one of the team’s
best ever, and received an #8 seed in the NCAA Tournament. In the tournament, they came
back from an 18-point second-half deficit to defeat #9 seed UNC-Wilmington, but lost
to Duke University, the top overall seed, in the second round.
While only one Colonial from the 2005–06 team was drafted in the 2006 NBA Draft, J.
R. Pinnock, two other Colonials from that team have played in the NBA. Pops Mensah-Bonsu
played for the Dallas Mavericks, Houston Rockets, San Antonio Spurs and Toronto Raptors and
Mike Hall played for the Washington Wizards. The 2006–07 basketball season was considered
by many to be a rebuilding year for the Colonials after graduating their entire starting front
court and losing Pinnock to the NBA. Coach Karl Hobbs and Senior guard Carl Elliott managed
to lead the team to a 23-8 record, winning the 2007 Atlantic 10 Tournament in Atlantic
City, New Jersey, once again earning an auto-bid to the NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Championship.
The Colonials were placed as a #11 seed lost to #6 seed Vanderbilt University in Sacramento,
CA 77-44. Hobbs, a former player and coach under Jim
Calhoun at the University of Connecticut coached the Colonials for 10 years. Known for his
animated sideline personality Hobbs had been considered one of the up-and-coming coaches
in the NCAA. On April 25, 2011, the university released Hobbs from his contractual obligations,
forcing him to resign as men’s basketball coachIn May 2011, Incoming Athletic Director
Patrick Nero hired former University of Vermont head coach Mike Lonergan to take over the
men’s basketball program. The Bowie, Md. native had a slow start to his GW tenure, finishing
10–21 in his first full year as coach, and improving to 13–17 in the second. The 2013–14
season solidified his hiring, as the team finished 24–9 on the year, tallying the
second-most wins in a season in GW history; took third place in the Atlantic 10 standings
and made it to the Atlantic 10 Championship semifinals; and earned the program’s 11th
bid to the NCAA Tournament, their first in seven years.The NCAA committee selected the
Colonials as the #9 seed in the East Region for the tournament. They faced #8 seed Memphis
in the second round. The Tigers took a five-point lead over the Colonials into the half, but
the Colonials almost came back to win. A late rally cut the Memphis lead to only one point
with 25 seconds to go, but the Colonials could not hold on and lost, 71–66.Soon after the
end of the Colonials’ successful 2013–14 campaign, Lonergan signed a contract extension,
keeping him with the program through the 2020–21 season.The Colonials won the 2016 National
Invitation Tournament, defeating Monmouth, Florida, Ohio State, San Diego State and Valparaiso
for the first postseason national title in their history. Prior to the 2016-107 season,
Mike Lonergan was removed as head coach following allegations of verbal abuse from players and
staff. He was replaced by assistant coach Maurice Joseph who served as interim head
coach before being signed fully following the 2016-2017 basketball season.===Baseball===
The George Washington Colonials baseball team is a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference,
which is part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s Division I. George Washington’s
first baseball team was fielded in 1891. The team plays its home games at Barcroft Park
in Arlington, Virginia. The Colonials are coached by Gregg Ritchie.===Football===The school sponsored intercollegiate football
from 1881 to 1966. The team played home games primarily at Griffith Stadium and later at
RFK Stadium. In 1966, the football program was discontinued due to a number of factors,
including the team’s lack of adequate facilities and the desire by the university to develop
an on-campus fieldhouse for basketball and other sports. GW has one alumni in the Pro
Football Hall of Fame, Alphonse Leemans.===Spirit programs===The GW Spirit Program includes a co-ed Cheer
Team, the First Ladies Dance team, and the university mascot. The Colonials mascot is
named George, and is portrayed by a student wearing an outfit inspired by a uniform worn
by General Washington. In 2012, George took 1st place at the National Cheerleaders Association
Mascot Competition and is the university’s first national champion. The sports teams
are called the Colonials, which was chosen by the student body in 1924. The spirit program
also includes the Colonial Brass, directed by Professor Benno Fritz.The official fight
song is Hail to the Buff and Blue, composed in 1924 by student Eugene F. Sweeney and re-written
in 1989 by Patrick M. Jones. The song is tolled twice-daily by bells atop Corcoran Hall, at
12:15pm and 6:00pm.===Club sports===
The university also has various club sports, which are not varsity sports, but compete
against other colleges. Examples include: boxing, basketball, volleyball, ice hockey,
fencing, lacrosse, rugby, soccer, triathlon, tennis, ultimate frisbee, cricket, water polo,
and others.==Controversies==Misrepresented admission policy
In September 2013, The GW Hatchet reported that the university had a need-aware admissions
policy, despite the fact that it claimed to have a need-blind policy at the time. The
university subsequently admitted that its admissions policy was in fact need-aware.Data
misreporting and U.S. News unranking On November 8, 2012, university officials
announced that they had misreported admissions data on their student body for over a decade.
Specifically, it overstated the number of students who had graduated from high school
in the top ten percent of their classes by twenty percentage points. Officials made the
assumption that students with top standardized test scores and high grade point averages
were in the top tenth of their class when secondary schools did not provide class rank
(roughly two-thirds of American high schools do not rank their students). Consequently,
U.S. News & World Report removed the school from its rankings. It had been ranked in a
three-way tie for the 51st position among national universities but following revelation
of the misreporting U.S. News altered the GW entry to read “George Washington University
has changed from being a ranked school in the 2013 edition of Best Colleges to an unranked
school, based on a data reporting error.” The accurate data would have lowered the school’s
rank. The university was reinstated on the 2014 U.S. News & World Report rankings, coming
in as 52nd in National Universities.Medical school accreditation
In 2008 the George Washington University Medical School was placed on probation by its accrediting
body, the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, which cited a number of issues. Although GW
declined to publish the entire list, among these were an outdated system of managing
its curriculum, high levels of student debt, and inadequate study and lounge space for
its students. A Washington Post article uncovered other issues including possible conflicts
of interest involving certain medical school administrators and Universal Health Services,
the private corporation that owns and operates GW’s teaching hospital. The medical school
implemented a plan to rectify these problems and subsequently accepted the resignation
of two top administrators. The LCME lifted the medical school’s probation
in February 2010.==Notable people==
Notable Alumni of the George Washington University===Notable alumni===George Washington alumni include many current
and past political figures. Six alumni currently serve in the United States Senate and ten
in the House of Representatives. These include former Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and
former House Majority Leader Eric Cantor. Alumni have been governors of eighteen states
and one territory, including current US Senator and former Governor of Virginia, Mark Warner,
as well as former Governor of Guam, Frank Freyer. Other renowned figures of the higher
echelons of the United States government include Senator J. William Fulbright, former Secretary
of State Colin Powell, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Peter Pace,
former FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, former CIA Director Allen Dulles and his brother,
former Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles. In addition, the former Mayor of the District
of Columbia, Vincent Gray, and Edward David Burt, the youngest ever Premier of Bermuda,
were GW alumni. Other notable alumni and former students include
HH Prince Talal Arslan, Anwar al-Awlaki, Ralph Asher Alpher, Red Auerbach, Alec Baldwin,
Dana Bash, Chris Burnham, Preston Cloud, Kellyanne Conway, Larry Craig, Jack Edmonds, Philip
Emeagwali, Mary Anne Frey, Jason Filardi, John Flaherty, Ina Garten, Glenn Greenwald,
Todd B. Hawley, Erica Hayden, Harold Hersey, David Holt (politician), L. Ron Hubbard, Soh
Jaipil, S. M. Krishna, Lee Kun-hee, Roy Lee, Theodore N. Lerner, Randy Levine, Carl Lutz,
David McConnell, T. J. Miller, Billy Mitchell, Darla Moore, Jared Moskowitz. former First
Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, Syngman Rhee, Gregg Ritchie,
Leslie Sanchez, Chuck Todd, Clay Travis, Margaret Truman, Kerry Washington, Ashani Weeraratna,
Sandiaga Uno, Scott Wolf, Irvin Yalom, and Rachel Zoe.===Notable faculty===Notable faculty include: George Gamow (1934–54),
physicist and cosmologist; Edward Teller (1935–41), nuclear physicist and father of the hydrogen
bomb; Seyyed Hossein Nasr, founder and first president of the Imperial Iranian Academy
of Philosophy; Chrystelle Trump Bond, dancer, choreographer, and dance historian; Peter
Caws, University Professor of Philosophy; published author and winner of the 1985 Merle
Curti Award, Leo P. Ribuffo, Edward “Skip” Gnehm, former U.S. Ambassador to Jordan, Kuwait
and Australia; Marcus Raskin, former member of the national security counsel under President
Kennedy and founder of the Institute for Policy Studies; Abba Eban, former Israeli Deputy
Prime Minister, Minister of Education & Culture and Minister of Foreign Affairs; John Logsdon,
member of Columbia Accident Investigation Board, NASA Advisory Council; Frank Sesno,
CNN former Washington, DC Bureau Chief and Special Correspondent; James Carafano, Heritage
Foundation national security and homeland security expert; Leon Fuerth, former national
security adviser to Vice President Al Gore; James Rosenau, political theorist and former
president of the International Studies Association; Steven V. Roberts, American journalist, writer
and political commentator and former senior writer at U.S. News & World Report; Nancy
E. Gary, former dean of Albany Medical College, Executive Vice President of the Uniformed
Services University of the Health Sciences and Dean of its F. Edward Hébert School of
Medicine, Roy Richard Grinker, anthropologist specializing in autism and North-South Korean
relations, Edward P. Jones, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 2004, novelist Herman
“H.G.” Carrillo, Dagmar R. Henney, Mohammad Nahavandian (economics), chief of staff of
the President of Iran since 2013, and Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé (MBA), president of
Togo since 2005. Some current faculty include Nobel Prize winner Ferid Murad, historian
Peter Caws, Martha Finnemore, and press secretary and White House spokesperson to President
Bush, Dana Perino.==References====External links==Official website
GWU Athletics website “Columbian University”. New International
Encyclopedia. 1905.