Faculty of Social Sciences, Banaras Hindu University | Wikipedia audio article

Faculty of Social Sciences, Banaras Hindu University | Wikipedia audio article

August 20, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs


Banaras Hindu University (Hindi: [kaʃi hind̪u
viʃvəvid̪yaləy], BHU), formerly Central Hindu College, is a public central university
located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1916 by Madan Mohan Malaviya.
With over 30,000 students residing in campus, it claims the title of largest residential
university in Asia.The university’s main campus spread over 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) was built
on land donated by the Kashi Naresh, the hereditary ruler of Banaras (“Kashi” being an alternative
name for Banaras or Varanasi). The Banaras Hindu University, South campus, spread over
2,700 acres (11 km2), hosts the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Agriculture Science Centre) and is
located in Barkachha in Mirzapur district, about 60 km (37 mi) from Banaras. The University
is also planning to set up a campus in Bihar.BHU is organised into 6 institutes and 14 faculties
(streams) and about 140 departments. As of 2017, the total student enrollment at the
university is 27,359 coming from 48 countries. It has over 75 hostels for resident students.
Several of its faculties and institutes include arts (FA – BHU), management studies (I.M.St.
– BHU), science (I.Sc. – BHU), performing arts (FPA-BHU), law (FL-BHU), agricultural
science (I.A.S. – BHU),medical science (I.M.S. – BHU) and environment and sustainable development
(I.E.S.D. – BHU) along with departments of linguistics, journalism & mass communication,
among others. The university’s engineering institute was designated as Indian Institute
of Technology in June 2012. BHU celebrated its centenary year in 2015-2016.
The Centenary Year Celebration Cell organised various programs including cultural programs,
feasts & competitions & Mahamana Madan Mohan Malviya Birth Anniversary on 25 December 2015.==History==The Banaras Hindu University was established
by Madan Mohan Malviya. A prominent lawyer and an Indian independence activist, Malviya
considered education as the primary means for achieving a national awakening.At the
21st Conference of the Indian National Congress in Benares in December 1905, Malviya publicly
announced his intent to establish a university in Varanasi. On the request of Malviya,Sant
baba Attar Singh ji Mastuana sahib, Sangrur Punjab laid the foundation stone of Banaras
Hindu University at Varanasi in 1914. Malviya continued to develop his vision for the university
with inputs from other Indian nationalists and educationists. He published his plan in
1911. The focus of his arguments was the prevailing poverty in India and the decline in income
of Indians compared to Europeans. The plan called for the focus on technology and science,
besides the study of India’s religion and culture: “The millions mired in poverty here can only
get rid (of it) when science is used in their interest. Such maximum application of science
is only possible when scientific knowledge is available to Indians in their own country.” Malviya’s plan evaluated whether to seek government
recognition for the university or operate without its control. He decided in favour
of the former for various reasons. Malviya also considered the question of medium of
instruction and decided to start with English given the prevalent environment, and gradually
add Hindi and other Indian languages. A distinguishing characteristic of Malviya’s vision was the
preference for a residential university. All other Indian universities of the period, such
as the universities in Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, etc., were affiliating universities which
only conducted examinations and awarded degrees to students of their affiliated colleges.Around
the same time, Annie Besant was also trying to expand her Central Hindu School and establish
a university. Established in 1898 in the Kamachha area of Varanasi, the vision behind the school
was that there should be learning institutions based on Hindu philosophy. Malviya had supported
Besant’s cause and in 1903, he had raised 250,000 Rupees in donations to finance the
construction of the school’s hostel. In 1907 Besant had applied for a royal charter to
establish a university. However, there was no response from the British government.
Following the publication of Malviya’s plan, Besant met Malviya and in April 1911 they
agreed to unite their forces to build the university in Varanasi.Malviya soon left his
legal practice to focus exclusively on developing the university and his independence activities.
On 22 November 1911, he registered the Hindu University Society to gather support and raise
funds for building the university. He spent the next 4 years gathering support and raising
funds for the university. Malviya sought and received early support from the Kashi Naresh
Prabhu Narayan Singh and Maharaja Sir Rameshwar Singh Bahadur of Raj Darbhanga. Thakur Jadunath
Singh of Arkha along with other noble houses of United Provinces contributed for the development
of the University. In October 1915, with support from Malviya’s
allies in the Indian National Congress, the Banaras Hindu University Bill was passed by
the Imperial Legislative Council.BHU was finally established in 1916, the first university
in India that was the result of a private individual’s efforts. The foundation for the
main campus of the university was laid by Lord Hardinge, the then Viceroy of India,
on Vasant Panchami 4 February 1916. To promote the university’s expansion, Malviya invited
eminent guest speakers such as Mahatma Gandhi, Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, Prof C. V. Raman,
Prafulla Chandra Roy, Prof Sam Higginbottom, Sir Patrick Geddes, and Besant to deliver
a series of what are now called The University Extension Lectures between 5–8 February
1916. Gandhi’s lecture on the occasion was his first public address in India.Sir Sunder
Lal was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor, and the university began its academic session
the same month with classes initially held at the Central Hindu School in the Kamachha
area, while the campus was being built on over 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) of land donated
by the Kashi Naresh on the outskirts of the city. The Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar, Mir
Osman Ali Khan, also made a donation of ₹1 lakh for the university.The university’s anthem,
known as the Kulgeet, was composed by Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar.==Campus=====
Main campus===BHU is located on the southern edge of Varanasi,
near the banks of the river Ganges. Development of the main campus, spread over 130 acres
(0.53 km2), started in 1916 on land donated by the then Kashi Naresh Prabhu Narayan Singh.
The campus layout approximates a semicircle, with intersecting roads laid out along the
radii or in arcs. Buildings built in the first half of the 20th century are fine examples
of Indo-Gothic architecture. The campus has over 60 hostels offering residential
accommodation for over 12,000 students. On-campus housing is also available to a majority of
the full-time faculty. The main entrance gate and boudry wall was
built on the donation made by Maharaja of Balrampur, Maharaja Pateshvari Prashad Singh.
The Sayaji Rao Gaekwad Library is the main library on campus and houses over 1.3 million
volumes as of 2011. Completed in 1941, its construction was financed by Maharaja Sayajirao
Gaekwad III of Baroda. In addition to the main library, there are three institute libraries,
eight faculty libraries and over 25 departmental libraries available to students and staff.
Sir Sunderlal Hospital on the campus is a teaching hospital for the Institute of Medical
Sciences. Established in 1926 with 96 beds, it has since been expanded to over 900 beds
and is the largest tertiary referral hospital in the region.
|thumb|upright|250x|left|Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.]]
The most prominent landmark is the Shri Vishwanath Mandir, located in the centre of the campus.
The foundation for this 252 feet (77 m) high complex of seven temples was laid in March
1931, and took almost three decades to complete.Bharat Kala Bhavan is an art and archaeological museum
on the campus. Established in January 1920, its first chairman was Nobel laureate Rabindranath
Tagore, with his nephew Abanindranath Tagore as the vice-chairman. The museum was expanded
and gained prominence with the efforts of Rai Krishnadasa. The museum is best known
for its collection of Indian paintings, but also includes archaeological artefacts, textiles
and costumes, Indian philately as well as literary and archival materials. The Alice
Boner Gallery was also set up at Bharat Kala Bhavan with the assistance of the Alice Boner
Foundation in 1989 to mark the birth centenary of Alice Boner.===Rajiv Gandhi South Campus===
The Banaras Hindu University, South campus is located in Barkachha in Mirzapur district,
about 60 km (37 mi) southwest of the main campus. Spread over an area of over 2,700
acres (11 km2), it was transferred as a lease in perpetuity to BHU by the Bharat Mandal
Trust in 1979.It hosts the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Agricultural Science Centre), with focus
on research in agricultural techniques, agro-forestry and bio-diversity appropriate to the Vindhya
Range region. The South Campus features a lecture complex, library, student hostels
and faculty housing, besides administrative offices.The Banaras Hindu University has extended
its outreach by establishing its South Campus at Barkachha in Mirzapur district. The RGSC
is being developed as a potential hub for education, training and entrepreneurship for
youth and women, especially those belonging to tribes and weaker sections of the society.
The campus is being developed by the University with a mission to enrich the lives of the
population of the region by extending to them opportunities to engage in lifelong learning
and to benefit from the result of research.==Academics==
BHU is organised into 6 institutes and 14 Faculties (Streams). The institutes are administratively
autonomous, with their own budget, management and academic bodies.==Institutes=====
Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi===The Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi
(IIT-BHU) is an engineering institute under the aegis of BHU. IIT-BHU has 14 departments
and 3 inter-disciplinary schools, providing technology education with an emphasis on its
industrial applications. Established in 1919, it is one of the oldest engineering institutes
in India. The institute in its present form was created by the merger of three BHU colleges
– the Banaras Engineering College, the College of Mining and Metallurgy, and the College
of Technology. It was designated as Indian Institute of Technology
(IIT) by The Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Act, 2012 of Parliament in 2012 and is declared
as Institute of National Importance by Government of India under IIT Act.===Institute of Science===The Institute of Science (ISc) comprises 13
departments covering various branches of modern science, and several inter-disciplinary schools
and research centres. It offers undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. in most disciplines,
M.Sc. (Tech.) in Geophysics, MCA, and conducts research programmes in all areas.Two vocational
courses, Industrial Microbiology and Electronics Instrumentation and Maintenance have been
introduced in recent years at U.G. level. Bitrex is its annual technical fest and Aakanksha
is its annual cultural fest organize every year in the month of February.===Institute of Agricultural Sciences===The Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IAS)
was founded as Institute of Agricultural Research in 1931 and was the first institute in India
to provide postgraduate programs (M.Sc. and PhD) in agricultural science. In 1945, undergraduate
degrees were introduced and it was renamed as the College of Agriculture. It was renamed
as the Faculty of Agriculture in 1968 and was raised to the status of the Institute
of Agricultural Sciences in August 1980. It is involved in both education and research
in agricultural science.===Institute of Medical Sciences===The Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) is
a residential, co-educational medical institute. It admits students for its programs in medicine
through the NEET entrance examination held across India. In addition to the MBBS programs,
it offers specialisations and PhD programs for physicians in medicine and surgery. It
also offers graduate and post-graduate programs in Nursing, Ayurvedic medicine, Dentistry
and Health Statistics. It is one of the finest institutes in the country. It produces some
of the best physicians and results across the country. There are three faculties viz.
Medicine, Ayurveda and Dental Sciences.===Institute of Environment & Sustainable
Development===The Institute of Environment & Sustainable
Development (IESD) aiming to develop and advance the knowledge of technology and processes
for sustainable development was started in the year 2010 in the tenure of the then Vice-Chancellor
of BHU, D.P. Singh.In accordance with the UN visualization that higher education should
contribute significantly to the development of appropriate knowledge and competencies
in the area of sustainable development, a nation-level Institute of Environment & Sustainable
Development has been established in the Banaras Hindu University. The institute will cover
education about sustainable development (developing an awareness of what is involved) and education
for sustainable development (using education as a tool to achieve sustainability). The
institute will be dedicated to a better understanding of critical scientific and social issues related
to sustainable development goals through guided research.===Institute of Management Studies===
The Institute of Management Studies is the business school of Banaras Hindu University.
Established in 1968 as the Faculty of Management Studies (FMS, BHU), it is among the earliest
management schools in India. It was renamed to its current name on 16 December 2015.The
institute offers several two-year Master of Business Administration (MBA) programmes.
Admission is based on the combined merit acquired by a candidate in CAT, group discussion and
interview. Eligibility requirements are a graduate degree under 10+2+3 Pattern / degree
in Agriculture, Technology, Medicine, Education or Law / Post-graduate degree in any discipline
under 10+2+3+2 pattern from any Indian University/Institution recognized by AIU/AICTE with at least 50%
marks in aggregate (at least 45% for SC/ST candidates).==Faculties==Academic faculties of the university include:===Faculty of Social Sciences===The Faculty of Social Sciences offers undergraduate
and postgraduate courses in Social science. It was bifurcated from the Faculty of Arts
in 1971. It includes the departments of Economics, History, Political Science, Psychology and
Sociology.Other than the departments, there are five centres which carry on the studies
in various fields, namely the Centre for the Study of Nepal, Centre for Women’s Study and
Development, Centre for Integrated Rural Development, Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and
Inclusion Policy and the Malviya Centre for Peace Research.The faculty holds three chairs,
the currently (as of 2018) vacant Babu Jagjivan Ram Chair for Social Research, commemorating
Jagjivan Ram and his contributions, the Dr. Ambedkar Chair for Nationalism & National
Integration established in 2016 and the Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay Chair, established in 2017.FSS
Connect a project Website for Students launched in guidance with Dean Prof RP Pathak, FSA
Dr Abhinav Sharma for Faculty of Social Sciences, BHU in the year 2018. Abhikalapan is the annual
Cultural Fest of Faculty of Social Sciences, BHU. In the year 2018, Innovation Unit for
students i.e Innovision is under DIC and Atal Incubation Centre. Media and Publishing Unit
of Students keep indulging students in a creative way.===Faculty of Visual Arts===
The Faculty of Visual Arts offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in applied and visual
arts. It was founded in 1916. It includes five departments: Painting
Applied arts Plastic arts
Pottery and Ceramics Textile designing==
Inter-disciplinary schools=====
School of Biotechnology===The School of Biotechnology (SBT) is a center
for postgraduate teaching and research under the aegis of Institute of Science of the BHU.
It was established in 1986 with funding from the Department of Biotechnology, of the Ministry
of Science and Technology, Government of India. It offers MSc and PhD programmes in Biotechnology.
The interdisciplinary program involves the partnership between the Institute of Science,
the Institute of Medical Sciences and the Indian Institute of Technology at BHU. Notable
faculty include Arvind Mohan Kayastha.===DBT-BHU Interdisciplinary School of Life
Sciences===The Interdisciplinary School of Life Sciences
(ISLS) is a joint initiative of the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India
and the BHU. It was established with a grant of INR 238.9 million from the DBT.===DST Centre for Interdisciplinary Mathematical
Sciences===The Centre for Interdisciplinary Mathematical
Sciences (CIMS) focuses on research and education in mathematics, modelling and statistics.
It was established under the management of the Faculty of Science, with support from
the Department of Science and Technology (DST). The centre imparts post-graduate education
and research with participation from the Department of Mathematics, Department of Statistics and
Department of Computer Science of the Institute of Science and the Department of Applied Mathematics
of the IIT-BHU. It regularly organizes training programmes, workshops, Seminars and conferences.===Centre of Food Science & Technology===
The Centre of Food Science & Technology (CFST) is an inter-disciplinary research centre with
collaboration between the Institute of Agricultural Sciences and the Indian Institute of Technology
(BHU) focusing on food processing technology.==Research centres==
Apart from specialised centres directly funded by DBT, DST, ICAR and ISRO, a large number
of departments under the Institutes of Sciences, Engineering & Technology and Faculty of Social
Sciences receive funding from the DST Fund for Improvement of Science & Technology Infrastructure
(FIST) and the University Grants Commission (UGC) Special Assistance Programme (SAP).
UGC SAP provides funds under its Centre of Advanced Study (CAS), Department of Special
Assistance (DSA) and Departmental Research Support (DRS) programmes.BHU research centres
include: DBT Centre of Genetic Disorders
Center for Environmental Science and Technology Nano science and Technology Center
Hydrogen Energy Center UGC Advanced Immunodiagnostic Training and
Research Center Centre for Experimental Medicine and Surgery
Center for Women’s Studies and Development (CWSD)
Center for the Study of Nepal (CNS) Malviya Center for Peace Research (MCPR)
Center for Rural Integrated Development (CIRD) Centre for Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive
Policy (CSSEIP) DST Centre for Interdisciplinary Mathematical
Sciences==
Affiliated colleges and schools=====
Colleges===Mahila Maha Vidyalaya (within main campus)
Arya Mahila Mahavidyalaya DAV Post Graduate College
Vasanta College for Women Vasant Kanya Mahavidyalaya===Schools===
Ranvir Sanskrit Vidyalaya, Central Hindu Boys School
Central Hindu Girls School==
Library system==The Banaras Hindu University Library system
was established from a collection donated by P.K. Telang in the memory of his father
Justice Kashinath Trimbak Telang in 1917. The collection was housed in the Telang Hall
of the Central Hindu College, Kamachha. In 1921, the library was moved to the Central
Hall of the Arts College (now the Faculty of Arts).
The present Central Library of BHU was established with a donation from Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad
III of Baroda. Upon his return from the First Round Table Conference, Gaekwad wanted a library
built on the pattern of the British Library and its reading room, which was then located
in the British Museum. On Malviya’s suggestion, he made the donation to build the library
on the BHU campus.The Gaekwad Library is a designated Manuscript Conservation Centre
(MCC) of the National Mission for Manuscripts, established in 2003.By 1931, the library had
built a collection of around 60,000 volumes. The trend of donation of personal and family
collection to the library continued as late as the 1940s with the result that it has unique
pieces of rarities of books and journals dating back to the 18th century.
As of 2011, the BHU Library System consisted of the Central Library and 3 Institute Libraries,
8 Faculty Libraries and over 25 Departmental Libraries, with a collection of at least 1.3
million volumes. The digital library is available to students and staff and provides online
access to thousands of journals, besides access to large collections of online resources through
the National Informatics Centre’s DELNET and UGC’s INFLIBNET.===ICT infrastructure===
The University has 100 kilometer long fiber optic backbone of Campus wide LAN, connecting
all academic and administrative buildings as well as hostels with a well-equipped Computer
Centre, providing high end computing and training facilities. The University has been provided
three 1 Gbit/s nodes of National Knowledge Network (NKN) under NME-ICT.==Protests==
In 2017-18 during the Banaras Hindu University women’s rights protest various students demanded
that the university administration provide safety and respect for women.==Admissions==
Banaras Hindu University conducts national level undergraduate (UET) and postgraduate
(PET) entrance tests usually during May–June for admission for which registrations begin
usually in February–March. Admissions are done according to merit in the entrance tests,
subject to fulfilling of other eligibility requirements. Admissions to B.Tech./B.Pharm.,
M.Tech./M.Pharm. are done through JEE and GATE respectively. Admission to MBA and MBA-IB
are done through IIM-CAT score and also through separate BHU-MBA entrance tests. Admissions
for Ph.D are done on the basis of either qualification of National Eligibility Test (NET) by the
candidates or through the scores of CRET (Common Research Entrance Test). Admissions in IMS
are done through PMT exam. BHU attracts a number of foreign learners.
Foreign students are admitted through the application submitted to the Indian mission
in his/her country or by his/her country’s mission in India.
BHU conducts UG entrance exam every year in May. The offline exam is held for 5166 seats.
The total exam duration is 2 hours with 150 MCQs and the total marks is 450. There are
seven participating colleges including BHU Faculty of Law and 6 constituent colleges.==Halls of residence==
BHU offers one of the best residential experience for students staying on the campus. Many of
these hostels lie on one of the outer arc roads, facing large playgrounds. Most of these
hostels have adequate mess facilities, common rooms, canteen, and residential quarters for
wardens. Hostels like Birla, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Broacha and Vishvesvaraya have more than 300
rooms each. In all, there are 41 hostels for male students
with total intake capacity of around 7,500. For female students, there are 21 hostels
with total intake capacity of around 2,500. There are four separate hostels for international
students with total intake capacity of 189. These four include an International House
Annexe for female students with an intake capacity of 24.==Festivals==
BHU observes Saraswati puja day (also known as Vasant Panchami) as its foundation day.
Goddess Saraswati is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, arts, wisdom and nature.
She is a part of the trinity of Saraswati, Lakshmi and Parvati.
There is also festival called SPANDAN ( Inter university youth festival) in this festival
student represent their faculty/institute in various arts competition like literature
(writing essay, poem, debates), Painting, sketches, vocal music, Dancing, singing, drama,
mimicry etc. it’s held every year after Vasant Panchami in month of February or March.==Rankings==
Internationally, BHU was ranked 801-1000 in the QS World University Rankings of 2018.
The same rankings ranked it 225 in Asia and 143 among BRICS nations. It was ranked 601-800
in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2018 and 194
in Asia.In India, the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked it ninth overall
in 2018 and third among universities. It also ranked it 39 in the management ranking.It’s
engineering institute, IIT (BHU), was ranked 19 by the NIRF Engineering ranking for 2018.
In 2017, it was ranked 9th among engineering colleges in India by The Week.The Faculty
of Law, Banaras Hindu University was ranked eighth in India by Outlook India’s “Top 25
Law Colleges In 2017” and seventh in India by The Week’s “Top Law Colleges 2017”.The
Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University was ranked tenth among medical
colleges in India in 2017 by India Today, sixth by The Week and ninth by Outlook India.==Awards and medals==
Following awards and medals are given to meritorious students in BHU- BHU Medal- BHU Medal is given to the students,
who secure the first position in their respective departments or faculties.==Notable alumni, faculty and staff==Alumni and faculty of BHU have gained prominence
in India and across the world. Among BHU’s administrators was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan,
who went on to become the President of India. Other famous administrators have included,
Sir Sunder Lal, K. L. Shrimali, Moti Lal Dhar and many others.
The university’s alumni include Raj Narain, Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay, C.N.R Rao, Madhav
Sadashiv Golwalkar, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Bhupen Hazarika, Shyam Sunder Surolia, Veena
Pandey, A. K. Narain, Kamalesh Chandra Chakrabarty, Ashok Agarwal, Jagdish Kashyap, T. V. Ramakrishnan,
Harkishan Singh, Narla Tata Rao, Patcha Ramachandra Rao, Jayant Vishnu Narlikar, Basanti Dulal
Nagchaudhuri, Ahmad Hasan Dani, Kota Harinarayana, Kothapalli Jayashankar, Krishan Kant, Manick
Sorcar, Satish K. Tripathi, Shashi P. Karna and Prem Saran Satsangi. Amongst its famous
international students are Robert M. Pirsig and Koenraad Elst.
BHU’s faculty have included Ganesh Prasad, Birbal Sahni, Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Prafulla
Kumar Jena, Omkarnath Thakur, N. Rajam and A. K. Narain.==See also==
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith