Claremont Colleges promotional video, circa 1963

September 14, 2019 0 By Stanley Isaacs

(crowd shouting) – [Ronald] Look upon this picture. And now on this. The struggle for control of
the minds of men continues, but which type of control? This? Or the control which allows the mind to open the pathways to wisdom? In Claremont, California, a group of colleges has been brought into being under a new concept in education that is unique and exciting in this struggle for men’s minds. (choral music) The history of the Claremont development began with Pomona College. Founded in 1887 in the
New England tradition. Its first building was an abandoned hotel, but then as now, California
was growing rapidly. Pomona soon expanded its facilities to accommodate more students. Its growing number of friends provided this privately endowed college with the funds to maintain its growth. The academic importance of Pomona was quickly gaining national attention. Teddy Roosevelt spoke there in 1902. By 1915 it became necessary to restrict enrollment in the interest
of academic quality. In 1923, three out of every four applicants were turned away. Classrooms were filled to capacity. The college had to expand or drastically limit its enrollment. Dr. James Blaisdell,
then president of Pomona, saw in this problem an exciting
promise for the future. He said, “My own very deep hope is “that we might have a group of “institutions divided into small colleges “somewhat on the Oxford type. “In this way I should hope to preserve “the inestimable personal
values of the small college, “while securing the facilities of “the great university.” Ellen Browning Scripps, sensitive and shy, was deeply inspired by this idea. She contributed 300 acres of land to serve the needs of future colleges. Over the years numerous other private citizens have given buildings,
facilities, and time. Today, Dr. Blaisdell’s vision has become five widely noted individual institutions for higher education. Their destinies are
guided by five separate presidents who work together on physical and financial needs. Yet who vigorously guard the academic individuality of their
respective institutions. This is Claremont University College, the Graduate School and the coordinating institution for the group. It owns and operates
the numerous facilities used jointly by all. There is Claremont Men’s
College, Harvey Mudd College Hubbota College, and Scripps College. Under the Oxford or group plan, all of these resident
colleges are served by the Honnold library. One of America’s outstanding
collegiate libraries. This room reserved for
research, houses the largest collection of books about Oxford University in the nation. Great Oxford, where eight hundred years of group plan education
has proven its value in maintaining freedom of opinion and variety in the university. The three thousand
volumes here indicate the influence of a great university on the thought of the english-speaking world and the importance of its example to the Claremont group. Honnold library is a joint
facility as such it brings together students from all
members of the Claremont group. The graduate student, the woman from Scripps, the student from Claremont men’s, the engineering major from Harvey Mudd, and the student from Pomona. They are brought here by a common need yet they are encouraged to preserve the individuality necessary
to outstanding education. This is Pomona College. It’s a Liberal Arts institution
with emphasis on the Social Sciences, Natural
Sciences, and Humanities, and has a strong athletic program. It is co-educational. It’s the oldest and
largest of the colleges. Enrollment about 1000. A distinguished Faculty of 111. The curriculum taught is purposely broad. Science facilities are among the finest in any Liberal Arts
institution in America. This is the cyclotron where the student gains first-hand
knowledge of atomic theory. Small class in painting is part of an intensive humanities program requiring close contact
with the instructor. The social science has also received strong emphasis here. Pomona recognized early that the language barrier has hindered Americans from communicating their ideas abroad. That’s why they place
special importance on their language laboratory, a new instructional technique. The language is Russian. Repeat a phrase, record it, play it back to gain
conversational fluency. (speaking Russian) – Now will you please, stop your records and play it back so they can hear your
correct pronunciation. (speaking Russian) Ms. Becker, will you
repeat this last sentence? (speaking Russian) Now Ms. Becker, how would you like to go with me to a Moscow restaurant? I am the waiter and you are the patron. First I will ask you, in Russian, what would you like to have for lunch? (speaking Russian) If we are to make people feel that we are friends, we have to use not only the right words, but
also correct pronunciation. – [Ronald] Combining
both personal instruction and modern techniques,
the language laboratory is important in the race
to communicate our ideas. Among the arts, the
college’s accomplishments in music are particularly well known. This is Pomona’s student Orchestra. (orchestra plays) Pomona College is a seasoned, well-rounded institution. Its graduates have through
the years attained national distinction in both
scholarship and leadership. These men and women have been enriched and benefited from the other colleges in the group plan. Which has also helped Pomona preserve its traditional character. Scripps College is a liberal
arts college for women. It was founded in 1926
and named in honor of Ellen Browning Scripps. Like all of the colleges at Claremont, it is privately endowed. There are about 300 students. A faculty of 33. This is Scripps motto. Incipit Vita Nova, new life begins. Ms. Scripps believed
that harmonious beauty was in itself an education. The college reflects this idea. A classic atmosphere of the Denison library is typical of Scripps. The thought is to bring the student into close communion with the great artistic and literary achievements throughout history. This, it is believed will significantly influence the way she thinks. The program of study consists
of five broad fields. Literature, the arts, social studies, science, psychology, philosophy, religion. This is the Mary B. Eyre nursery where the student gains first-hand knowledge and a psychological study of small children. A unique advantage of the Claremont group plan to the Scripps woman, is her ability to take selected classes
at the other colleges. A swimming pool and other recreational facilities
are part of the campus. The heart of the Scripps program, the humanities make up 40% of the students first three years. This is a junior humanities class. The subject, Schiller’s views
on the French Revolution. – The principle being that the French were fighting to regain their freedom, their Liberty. Well I suppose he saw the
events of the French Revolution so what like illustrated here, here you have a Revolutionary Tribunal that’s the Revolutionary judges as you see drunk or asleep or both and here is the poor victim, what
chance has he gotten? This of course is done by an enemy of differential evolution here you have another, this time by a friend of the French Revolution and what he presents is the massacre of revolutionary prisoners by a
counter Revolutionary Army. Again bloodshed. This is of course the
beheading of the king very gory spectacle to be sure. According to him what
was wrong with the French Revolution was that it changed the institutions before they changed men. They introduced institutions for which the men were not yet prepared. It was for free men,
but they we’re not yet taught how to be free. Yes? – It seems to me that this is the usual argument of a dictator. The masses aren’t ready for democracy. – Well yes, that’s quite
right that’s what many, not all, many dictators say they need some simple explanation for their action and this is one it is an oversimplification of course. Yes? – But Dr. Merlin I think that some of the new African nations are really getting ahead of themselves and I think it’s the case of
too much freedom too soon. – I think it’s all right to change institutions before they change man and I think it is all right to trust men that by and by they will be educated by their own institutions. – [Ronald] Instruction
that Scripps stresses both the value of individual thought and the importance of community life. They urged the student to live her education. The belief is that she will be influenced throughout her life by the sense of intellectual and social participation. Which can only be found at a small intimate college. (men’s chorus singing) Claremont men’s college is a liberal arts college emphasizing
economics and government. It was founded in 1946. CMC’s students, there
are about 430 of them, are educated in the philosophy
and problems of free government and of a free society. Today the college has its own
classrooms and dormitories. Here they encourage lively discussion of public affairs. The atmosphere is one of academic freedom where men learn to deal with controversy in both politics and economics. The college’s 38 faculty members
are sharp and outstanding. Practical business and
government experience is the norm among them. The voluntary ROTC program which is maintained jointly with Pomona, stresses a high development
of skill among a small group. A number who have completed the program have distinguished themselves in the Armed Forces. This is the football game with Cal Tech. Physical education at
CMC is mandatory both as education and for social development. (cheering) The instructors here
are quick to encourage discussion and debate. After all they say this is what the student will face when he graduates. – What do you think the alternative to inflation is stable price level and the same level of prosperity we’ve had the last 10 or 20 years? – Well that’s of course
the goal towards which all economists are working. – How many economists do
you think really regards it a possibility? – Well I think quite a few do now and remember the 30 years ago very few economists thought that recessions, depressions, or general national growth could be controlled. – How about the practical side the record? – Inflation is actually a detriment to economic growth, since it destroys the confidence consumers have
in our economic system. – Now just, just suppose that the alternative to inflation is deflation, not price stability that you can have your choice either of rising prices or a falling prices which of these two would you choose? – I guess I’d have to
take the rising prices. – With falling prices people
on fixed incomes benefit but to my way of thinking this is a small minority, those
in the business world businessmen, wage-earners, stockholders would be seriously hurt by deflation. – It would seem to me
we can have both price stability and economic growth. – Good gentlemen can we have everything? – Well no we can’t we can
work towards the optimum combination of things. – I think this is the key question to get the best possible combination. – [Ronald] Inflation,
unemployment, to extend to curb the powers of government
are important problems. The purpose of this college is to prepare men to solve them with an appreciation for American tradition. Men intensely interested
in our way of life, leaders for business and government are the kinds of students Claremont Men’s College aims to produce. Though slightly more than
a decade and a half old, its graduates are fine testimony to the success of its educational concepts. Harvey Mudd College was opened in 1957. It’s a co-educational college of science and engineering and will ultimately accommodate 370 students. It was founded because today there’s an urgent need for physical
scientists and engineers with broad training in the social sciences and the humanities. 1/3 of the curricular time is devoted to the humanities and Social Sciences. Though new, Harvey Mudd
College has taken shape quickly and when needed
because of the group plan. The land required was
immediately available. Classrooms and buildings have been loaned by the other colleges. Harvey Mudd now participates in athletic events with
Claremont Men’s College. Honnold library, the infirmary, and administrative joint facilities were immediately available. The college is purposely
small and personal even freshman classes are taught
by seasoned professors. Science and engineering regimen is tough and modern and daring enough to consider say the relation of man and machine resulting from the electronic computer and the step beyond it, automation. – But occasionally large groups of people have lost their jobs. Now with automation this dislocation can occur at a much more rapid pace and then a larger scale than
anything we have known. – [Ronald] These young men come to realize that there is a new social dimension in the enormous power wielded by science. – This places is a
responsibility on all of us, including the people who design and operate these machines because the harmful effects have to be minimized as much as possible. This is not something that businessmen and political leaders can settle for themselves because they don’t know how the gadget works. We passed the point
where the engineer or the scientists can simply say here it is. This is the challenge facing you. – [Ronald] No there are no pat answers. The problems are too real. The goal of Harvey Mudd is to create competent specialists who are at the same time, educated persons. Harvey Mudd College is the first privately endowed institution of its kind founded in the nation in the past three decades. Its program is new, its future is bright. A Claremont graduate school, the graduate school of all the colleges, offers advanced instruction and research in the Humanities, Fine Arts, Social Sciences, education, psychology, and botany. It was founded in 1925. It’s 400 students are drawn from all parts of the world. There are 100 faculty
members, about 60 come from the undergraduate colleges. Here formal instruction
is cut to a minimum. Students exercise their own initiative and independently seize
the opportunity to learn. It might be in psychology or in a new evaluation of the great achievements of the past. These programs lead to the Master of Arts, Master of Fine Arts, and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. This is an examination for
the Doctor of Philosophy degree in English literature. The subject, social
criticism in the novel. – I think the thing now
was essentially a middle class literary form which arose partly because you had a middle class which was interested in reading and partly because of some individual
geniuses such as Fielding. – Do you find the same conditions affecting the novel today? – Well I think there are
certain forces today which are tending to reshape the novel. – Be specific. – The impact of the
mass media for example. – [Ronald] This is a critical
time for the graduate student, he must know the subject he must have a defensible point of view. – Post-war period modern
psychology which tends to break down the form of the novel and also increased specialization which is broken up class structure so the novelist doesn’t feel he’s writing about classes with real differences. – Now social criticism
certainly isn’t limited to the 20th century or even to the novel. I’d like to ask you Mr. Ellsbury, through what literary
forms was social criticism offered before the emergence of the novel. – Well if we take the Renaissance, I suppose the prose cracks of a man like Nash or the drama even more important in the histories of Shakespeare or the comedies of Ben Jonson. – And before the Renaissance? – [Ronald] A notable record of the graduate school is given at a position of recognized prominence
in the field of Education. The presence of the graduate students at Claremont and the opportunity of instructors from the undergraduate colleges to participate in this program, has profoundly enriched these colleges and their students. Today the recognized standards and eminent faculties of the five Claremont Colleges placed them among the most selective colleges in the country. A substantial number of students from the undergraduate institutions go on to graduate school for Advanced Study. All of the colleges
have substantially more qualified applicants for admission than it’s possible to accept. For this reason, ideas are
constantly being considered for the founding of new colleges under the group plan to keep pace with the needs of an evolving society. This is a committee on future colleges. Its members, the five college presidents and selected trustees. – As you know we have already approved a woman’s college
for about 300 students. Offering liberal education in the arts with special emphasis on social sciences and economics. – [Ronald] This committee is unique in the nation in that it meets regularly to consider
founding new colleges. – There are also plans for several other types of
colleges to be presented today. All of which are in the preliminary stage. The Provost will now present these plans. – A group from our faculties suggests that we found an International College in which half the students and half the faculty would be drawn from nations other
than the United States. Studies would be focused on such problems as economic development, the selection and change of political leadership and other problems which are common to all nations but which each nation must approach from its own individual background. An international college could
contribute importantly to students from all over the world and to the students from the United States and in addition it would make a very valuable contribution to the students of each of the associated colleges. However this is the type
of thing which must be done very well if it is
to be attempted at all. – [Ronald] A group plan is
working well at Claremont. It is provided at least part of the answer for these privately endowed institutions in their struggle to maintain quality in a time of unparalleled educational challenge. The people here seem to be motivated by the dynamism of Dr. James Blaisdell. Who said of the group
plan, “I believe we’re “at the beginning of a new era of “educational effectiveness.” (chorus singing)